A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
As the campaign for independence gained support in French Morocco, however, these ideas spread to the Spanish territory. By the mid-1950s, it became obvious that Spain's hold on its Moroccan enclave was untenable, and in 1956 Spain ...
The French Revolution and the wars that followed affected the Spanish military as much as they affected most European armies, although in different ways. Whereas many other countries—most famously Prussia— reformed their armed forces in ...
Not only did it say little about how artillery and cavalry support would facilitate the columnar operations, but it also paid scant attention to the place of skirmishers in the new combat system.5 The employment of skirmishers by French ...
successfully—the successes of the earlier French revolutionary armies notwithstanding.8 In the end, however, it was the guerrilla fighter who came to symbolize Spanish military resistance to the French, and the most famous Spanish ...
Although the French found it easy to outmaneu- ver or overrun these units when they faced them in battle, in stationary positions where the cavalry was insignificant, the Spanish soldiers could withstand even strong French attacks.
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Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors