A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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At other times, Naziphile military factions attempted to pressure Spain to enter the war on the side of the Axis. In each case, Franco sidestepped the central question, instead dividing the conspirators through selective promotions, ...
Moroccan forces supported unsuccessful guerrilla operations against Ifni in the late 1950s, but Spain retained control of the enclave until 1969. Unlike Spain's North African territories, Equatorial Guinea never developed indigenous ...
Despite being the bulwark of the Franco regime, and having triumphed during the Spanish Civil War, after the mid-1950s officers increasingly viewed their role as defenders of Spain against the external threat of the Soviet Union, ...
Under the new democratic system of the late 1970s, however, the granting of autonomy to the Basque region greatly undermined ETA's maximalist demands for an independent state in northern Spain and southern France.
The ensuing War of Independence would subsequently form the basis of much nationalist and military mythology in Spain, but the Spanish Army itself garnered relatively little glory in the struggle. Although the soldiers of the regular ...
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Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors