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is required by the method which you have proposed. The difcovery I allude to was, that whenever the feafon was mild, or rather warm, my ftored potatoes (the champion kind), did conftantly produce new potatoes, exactly in the manner which you have fo fully and accurately defcribed, and that these potatoes have been deemed as good and palatable by those who have eaten them, as any others of their age and fize, the last of which is ufually from that of a pigeon's, to that of a hen's egg. But as I think this new production may probably have arifen in a great measure from the manner in which they were kept during the winter, I will take the liberty to inform you of the method I pursued for that purpose. After having them taken up in the autumn, they are, as foon as their furface is tolerably dry, carried and put into a small house or hovel having clay walls, which are well lined with straw and a thatched roof; in this houfe very dry fand is always thrown upon them, which falls into and nearly fills up the interftices of them as they are brought into the houfe; after which they are covered with ftraw, to preserve them from the froft; in this heap, and thus covered, they very early in the fpring begin to sprout on the furface, and on that, as alfo fometimes in the more central parts, produce the bulbs above mentioned in a great abundance; and I have further remarked, that these parent potatoes, if I may fo call them, do not thereby become less proper to plant for a future crop than those which have never produced a progeny. I had this year young potatoes at my table in March; and was I to ule means whereby to make the hovel warmer, I conceive they would vegetate ftill earlier, perhaps in every part of the winter; but this I have not tried; they who prefer young to full grown potatoes may eafily do it.

The Ruta Baga plants, which Dr. Coventry found found on the first of September, after they had ripened their feed, I have reason to think, had then no buds

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or fprouts growing on the crown, as he conjeanres they had, because, though I frequently faw them, I never difcovered any; and I have this year obferved, that many of thofe, which were early in the last winter eaten down by the hares, quite into the ground, had in the fpring most of the remaining pieces of the root perfectly found, though many more of these plants were under this operation totally destroyed, than were those of the turnip-rooted cabbages. I am likewife inclined to think, from fome ftriking differences of the bulbs of thefe two plants, that the Ruta Baga is not merely a variety of the turnip rooted cabbage; for I obferve the Ruta Baga grows much more above the furface of the ground, is almoft globular, and with a fingle and not Cre very large tap-root; whereas the turnip-rooted cabbages bury themselves very much in the ground, are frequently thaped like an inverted blunt cone, or not much unlike a fhort thick parsnip; and although I have for many years fown the feed produced by tranfplanted roots, I never have been able to raise them with fewer than two or three ftrong and thick roots or fangs, which occafions them to be raifed from the grouud with more difficulty and foil than is to be wifhed; however, if I hint my doubts on this head, it is with that diffidence, which I fhall ever entertain, when my opinion clashes with that of fo accurate an obferver as your ingenious and intelligent profeffor, to whofe undertaking I have the motive of great perfonal esteem, as well as regard for the public, to wish the utmost fuccefs. I have the honour to be, Sir, with the greateft efteem, your moft obedient humble fervant, THOS. BEEVOR.

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May 23d 1791. S

For the Bee.

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THE Earl of Buchan prefents his refpectful compliments to the established clergy of the kirk of Scotland; and flatters himself they will permit him to recommend with fuccefs, the completion of the statistical account of their parishes, fo happily begun under the care of his worthy countryman, Sir John Sinclair of Ulbiter.

Drybrugh Abbey,
June 16th, 1791. §

In trading towns, it is hoped, a concise hiftory will be given of their occafional decline or advancement, with the proximate caufes. In univerfity towns, a short account of the foundation, mode of teaching, number of students, and fucceffion of eminent profeffors and eminent scholars that have adorned thefe feminaries and their country. In countries of mines and minerals, it is intreated, that 'authentic accounts may be given of the working fituations, produce and profpects.

Hiftorical Fragments, continued from page 314.

Chronicles of Great Britain, chap. cxxvi.

1. AND it came to pass also, that the people of Britain did evil in the fight of the Lord; and he gave them over to ftrange delufions, that they should believe in lies.

2. For they flattered themselves with the vain belief, that the men of their nation were all men of va

lour, and that their armies would be invincible.Howbeit, they often gave the command of them to men of Belial and children they appointed to rule over


3. They alfo vainly imagined, that they would extend their dominions over the great deeps, and over the ifles of the fea; and that the moft diftant lands would yield obeifance unto them.

4. And they fent forth their fhips of war to the west, and to the east, and to the fouth, and spread the terror of their name among the nations.

5. Their armies also penetrated into far countries, and deftruction attended their paths.

6. And though they were fometimes wholly overpowered, and fweeped from the field like grafshoppers, yet their numbers were renewed; for the people delighted in war.

7. And their rulers fpake vain words, and they faid, that if the people would fuffer themfelves to be plundered, they fhould become rich.

8. And the fpirit of delufion that had overfpread the land, prevailed to fuch a degree, that they believed in thefe fayings, and they answered, verily thou haft spoken wifely:

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9. Nevertheless, the commanders abroad and the rulers at home fought every man his own advantage, E and how he might make gain to himself.

10. And having found a desert waste of great extent in a far diftant country, they took poffeffion of it; and they faid, let us plenish it with our own people, and nourish it out of our own bowels.

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11. For the king and his fervants reasoned thus: In doing this, we fhall acquire fame among the people, because of the name of our extended dominions, and we shall acquire wealth by the diftribution of fuch vast

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fums as fhall be required for their fupport; and pow. er by means of the places we shall have to bestow *.

17. And they ceased not to extol that country; and they hired fcribes to write in its praises; and the people believed in all the things that they said.

13. At length, a certain man arose, who devised mighty things, and he spake great words, and he prophefied.

14. And the people listened unto him, and they believed the words that he uttered, because they did not understand the meaning thereof: And they said one unto another, furely no man could have imagined thele things, if he had not been infpired.

15. And he cried with a loud voice, and said: "Hear! O ye people, and attend! and ye rulers of "Britain, give ear.

16." Verily I fay unto you, that every perfon ye "fhall fend from your own country into thefe diftant "fettlements, fhall add to the wealth, and augment "the prosperity of thy native country, as much as "FOUR TIMES THE NUMBER Would do, if they were "fuffered to remain at home *."

17. And this faying pleased the rulers; and they gave bounties and premiums to induce their own people to go thither.

18. For they faid among themselves, the more money we shall have to distribute, the more we shall be able to retain to ourselves and to our friends.

19. And they made to themselves friends of the mammon of unrighteoufnefs: nor had they the fear of the Lord before their eyes.

20. Nevertheless, it was foon difcovered, that the prophet was a lying prophet ;-and that there had been a lying spirit in him; and that he had uttered these words only with an intention to deceive.

Quær. Might not the fame reasoning be applied to the fettlement. of Botany Bay? See Franklin's political writings.

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