A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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The conspirators , led by General Emilio Mola , stationed in Pamplona at the time
, were opposed to the military reforms which had been instituted by the
leadership of the Second Republic since 1931. What the rebel generals expected
Primo de Rivera succeeded where others had failed in trying to reform the
bloated Army . ... Discontent within the Army , due to the reforms carried out by
Primo de Rivera , led to the formation of pro - republic groups , the best known
being the ...
The Spanish reorganization and reforms had begun before the treaty and their
later appearance sometimes gave a false ... In 1958 , under the " Barroso Reform
, " the older corps headquarters and four of the eighteen divisions disappeared .
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Foreword by Stanley G Payne
The Spanish Army 18981931
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