Elements of Mental Philosophy: Embracing the Two Departments of the Intellect and the Sensibilities, Tập 1

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Harper & Brothers, 1857 - 515 trang
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The doctrine tried by the idea of a
71
On the sensations of heat and cold
72
71
73
Further remarks on the rise of knowledge by means of the senses
74
SENSATION AND PERCEPTION 48 Sensation a simple mental state originating in the senses 49 All sensation is properly and truly in the mind
76
Sensations are not images or resemblances of objects
78
ceptible of explanation 51 The connexion between the mental and physical change not sus 52 Of the meaning and nature of perception
80
Of the primary and secondary qualities of matter
81
Of the secondary qualities of matter
82
Of the nature of mental powers or faculties
83
THE SENSES OF SMELL AND taste 56 Nature and importance of the senses as a source of knowledge
84
Of the connexion of the brain with sensation and perception
85
Order in which the senses are to be considered
86
Of the sense and sensation of smell 60 Of perceptions of smell in distinction from sensations 61 Of the sense and sensation of taste
87
Design and uses of the senses of smell and taste
89
THE SENSE OF HEARING 63 Organ of the sense of hearing
90
Nature of sonorous bodies and the medium of the communication of sound
91
Varieties of the sensation of sound
92
Manner in which we learn the place of sounds
93
Application of these views to the art of ventriloquism
94
Uses of hearing and its connexion with oral language
96
THE SENSE OF TOUCH
97
Of the sense of touch and its sensations in general 70 Idea of externality suggested in connexion with the touch
98
Pago
99
Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified
104
76
105
Of the organ of sight and the uses or benefits of that sense 7 Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
106
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
107
The idea of extension not originally from sight
108
80
109
81
111
82
112
Of the estimation of distances by sight
114
84
116
85
117
86
118
By means of sensations we have a knowledge of outward things
122
89
123
90
125
Of mistakes in judging of the motion of objects 123 125
127
92
129
93
130
94
131
Doctrine of the nonexistence of matter considered
132
96
133
97
134
HABITS OF SENSATION AND PERCEPTION 98 General view of the law of habit and of its applications
135
Of habit in relation to the smell
137
Of habit in relation to the taste
138
Of habit in relation to the hearing
140
Of certain universal habits based on sounds
142
Application of habit to the touch
143
Other striking instances of habits of touch
146
Habits considered in relation to the sight
147
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase of
149
Of habits as modified by particular callings or arts
150
The law of habit considered in reference to the perception of the outlines and forms of objects
151
Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine 110 Additional illustrations of Mr Stewarts doctrine 152
152
MUSCULAR HABITS 111 Instances in proof of the existence of muscular habits
154
Muscular habits regarded by some writers as involuntary
155
Objections to the doctrine of involuntary muscular habits
156
CONCEPTIONS 114 Meaning and characteristics of conceptions
158
Of conceptions of objects of sight
159
Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
162
Of the senses sinking to sleep in succession
166
General remarks on cases of somnambulism
167
SIMPLICITY AND COMPLEXNESS OF MENTAL STATES
168
Section DIVISION FIRST
172
Illustrations of analysis as applied to the mind
174
ABSTRACTION
180
Early classifications sometimes incorrect
186
Of general abstract truths or principles
192
Of the general nature of attention
198
154
199
155
200
156
202
158
204
Of the influence of habit on our conceptions 159
205
Secondary laws and their connexion with the primary
225
Page 221
226
Knowledge begins in the senses but has internal accessions
228
Instances of notions which have an internal origin
229
Of association caused by present objects of perception
231
ORIGINAL SUGGESTION 177 Import of suggestion and its application in Reid and Stewart
232
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal identity
234
Origin of the idea of externality
236
Idea of matter or material existence
237
Origin of the idea of motion
238
Of the nature of unity and the origin of that notion
239
Nature of succession and origin of the idea of succession
240
Origin of the notion of duration
241
Of time and its measurements and of eternity 186 Marks or characteristics of time 187 The idea of space not of external origin 188 The idea of space ...
243
Of the origin of the idea of power
249
Origin of the idea of the first or primitive
250
Of the ideas of right and wrong
251
Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit
252
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion
253
Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas
254
CONSCIOUSNESS 196 Consciousness the second source of internal knowledge its nature
256
Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness
257
Consciousness a ground or law of belief
258
Instances of knowledge developed in consciousness
259
Of committing to writing as a means of aiding the memory
260
RELATIVE SUGGESTION OR JUDGMENT 200 Of the susceptibility of perceiving or feeling relations
261
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
262
Of the use of correlative terms 203 Of the great number of our ideas of relation
263
206
265
Tendency of the mind to pass from the sign to the thing signified
301
Further illustrations of indirect voluntary power
307
IMAGINATION
309
Ilustrations of specific or circumstantial memory
314
257
325
259
329
261
330
262
331
263
333
Application of the principles of this chapter to education
337
First cause of permanently vivid conceptions or apparitions Morbid sensibility of the retina of the
338
Second cause of permanently excited conceptions or apparitions Neglect of periodical bloodletting Attacks of fever
339
Methods of relief adopted in this case
340
Third cause of excited conceptions
341
Fourth cause of apparitions and other excited conceptions In flammation of the brain
342
Process of the mind in all cases of reasoning
344
Meaning of the term and kinds of insanity
345
Of disordered or alienated sensations
346
Of disordered or alienated external perception
347
Disordered state or insanity of original suggestion
348
Unsoundness or insanity of consciousness
349
Of reasoning à posteriori
350
Disordered or alienated association
351
Illustrations of this mental disorder
352
Of partial insanity or alienation of the memory
353
Of the power of reasoning in the partially insane
354
Instance of the above form of disordered reasoning
355
DEMONSTRATIVE REASONING
356
Partial mental alienation by means of the imagination
357
Insanity or alienation of the power of belief
358
Of the influence of demonstrative reasoning on the mental char
362
Caution to be used in reasoning from analogy
368
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
374
Of adherence to our opinions
380
Further remarks on the same subject
386
Works of imagination give different degrees of pleasure
392
Feelings of sympathy aided by the imagination
398
Not the saine internal complex ideas in all languages
406
The mind constituted on the principle of a connexion with the body
412
Of excil ed conceptions and of apparitions in general
418
437
437
Idea of total insanity or delirium
446
Of perception in cases of total or delirious insanity 361 Of association in delirious insanity
447
Illustration of the above section 446 447
448
451
451
367
452
Of the imputation of insanity to individuals
453
Of the treatment of the insane
454

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Trang 420 - Me oft has fancy ludicrous and wild Soothed with a waking dream of houses, towers, Trees, churches, and strange visages, expressed In the red cinders, while with poring eye I gazed, myself creating what I saw.
Trang 222 - The other fountain from which experience furnisheth the understanding with ideas, is the perception of the operations of our own mind within us, as it is employed about the ideas it has got ; which operations, when the soul comes to reflect on and consider, do furnish the understanding with another set of ideas, which could not be had from things without ; and such are perception, thinking, doubting, believing, reasoning, knowing...
Trang 398 - Must kings neglect that private men enjoy! And what have kings that privates have not too, Save ceremony— save general ceremony?
Trang 222 - This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense...
Trang 279 - How soft the music of those village bells, Falling at intervals upon the ear In cadence sweet ! now dying all away, Now pealing loud again, and louder still, Clear and sonorous, as the gale comes on.
Trang 201 - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
Trang 394 - He was passionately fond of the beauties of nature ; and I recollect once he told me, when I was admiring a distant prospect in one of our morning walks, that the sight of so many smoking cottages gave a pleasure to his mind, which none could understand who had not witnessed, like himself, the happiness and the worth which they contained.
Trang 140 - Could the youth, to whom the flavour of his first wine is delicious as the opening scenes of life, or the entering upon some newly-dis- . covered paradise, look into my desolation, and be made to understand what a dreary thing it is when a man shall feel himself going down a precipice with open eyes and a passive will...
Trang 291 - To behold the wandering moon, Riding near her highest noon, Like one that had been led astray Through the...
Trang 291 - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.

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