A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
Though the country had fallen from the ranks of the major powers, the combination of foreign invasion, complications of imperial decline, remarkably severe internal conflict, and continuing hostilities on the Moroccan frontier created a ...
What the rebel generals expected would be a very quick coup d'etat turned into a three-year bloody, brutal, fratricidal conflict that involved not only Spaniards (liberal vs. conservative) but the major powers of Europe as well.
Aside from describing the principal highlights of the war, such as the major battles and fronts, the bombing of the Basque town of Guernica by Germany's Condor Legion in 1937, and the foreign military equipment that was tried and tested ...
... and Spain became a major participant in the NATO-led peacekeeping operations in Bosnia (1995) and Kosovo (1999). Conscription ended in late 2002 under a conservative government, and the increasingly professional armed forces ...
... rank-and-file soldiers in Spain was low, but to make matters worse the number of cadres had fallen dramatically as well, which meant that if a major war came the army would be forced to rely heavily on new and untrained soldiers.
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The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors