A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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The nation's army remained mostly stagnant and unresponsive to new tactics and doctrines even though it was called upon to fight wars both at home and abroad. It is also the history of an organization that in the early nineteenth ...
Unable to adapt to and counter the guerrilla tactics of the Cuban rebels, Martı ́nez Campos was recalled and replaced by General Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau in 1896. Weyler's arrival in Cuba and his counterinsurgency tactics in Cuba ...
The officer corps, moreover, was professionally divided, often lacking in technical expertise, and resented by civilians because of the privileged status officers had attained under the Bourbons.4 Correspondingly, Spanish tactics at the ...
... into a nation in arms facilitated the implementation of new skirmish tactics conceived but not used before the revolution. ... however, failed to take account of such tactical developments in his reforms of the Spanish infantry.
At the tactical level, the army continued to perform badly. An important weakness lay in its cavalry, which suffered from a lack of experience. As one historian writes, even when the infantry performed well on offensives, on the flanks ...
Nội dung mọi người đang nói đến - Viết bài đánh giá
The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors