A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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... such as changing from linear formations to a combination of lines and attack columns, the army as a whole failed to realize the importance of combined arms, effectively employing artillery and cavalry, to support the infantry.
... more secure positions behind the so-called ''Primo de Rivera Line'' (his detractors called it the ''Abd-el-Krim Line''). Thousands of lives were lost trying to evacuate these vulnerable outposts, but it was accomplished by 1924.
By the late summer of 1936, the battle lines had stabilized and Spain was divided. With Mola commanding the ''Army of the North'' and Franco the Army of Africa in the south, the aim of both was to take Madrid and end the war quickly.
... with a front of some fifty to eighty men arranged nine to twelve men deep. This innovation eventually prompted a Spanish response, with some officers advocating the replacement of traditional lines with offensive columns of its own.
... France's mass armies after 1789 combined lines, columns, and skirmishers on the battlefield in new and often devastating ways.6 Godoy, however, failed to take account of such tactical developments in his reforms of the Spanish ...
Nội dung mọi người đang nói đến - Viết bài đánh giá
The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
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