A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
In the 19th and 20th centuries, Spain was a key player in the military conflagrations that created modern Europe. From the Napoleonic Wars, through the dress rehearsal for World War II that was the Spanish Civil War, to the grim struggle against terrorism today, the military history of modern Spain has both shaped and reflected larger forces beyond its borders.
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It is also the history of an organization that in the early nineteenth century served as an instrument for liberal reform and progress, then by the end of the century, and into the twentieth century, became a vehicle for political ...
His reforms included reducing the number of senior rank officers by offering them early retirement and creating a new category for NCOs, as well as closing the anti-Republican GMA in Zaragoza and military journals.
By early 1946, the guerrilla movement failed, and the Franco regime reasserted its authority over the mountain valleys of northern Spain. For most of the Spanish military, however, the war was one spent on the sidelines.
Spanish Morocco held a special place in the minds of many officers, including Franco, who had earned his early promotions and medals in the territory. Believing that they had a special link to the Berbers and Arabs of the colony, ...
By the early 1970s, Spain also confronted the Polisario movement, a rebellion of native Saharawis who wanted independence, rather than union with Morocco. Unable to crush this insurgency, and fearing open war with Morocco, in late 1975, ...
Nội dung mọi người đang nói đến - Viết bài đánh giá
The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
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