A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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From Empire to Republic: The Spanish Army, 1898–1931 Jose ́ E. Alvarez 37 3. World War I: Unarmed Neutrality 53 Javier Ponce 4. Spanish Civil War: Franco's Nationalist Army 68 George Esenwein 5. The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic, ...
The deplorable state of the Spanish military is covered comprehensively in Jose ́ E. Alvarez's ''From Empire to Republic: The Spanish Army, 1898– 1931.'' It is the story of an army trying to cope with the loss of its overseas empire ...
The incoming government, the Second Republic (1931–39), would greatly affect the leadership of the Army, eventually leading to the start of the Civil War in 1936. Spain was still a weak state as the Great War Introduction 5.
The conspirators, led by General Emilio Mola, stationed in Pamplona at the time, were opposed to the military reforms which had been instituted by the leadership of the Second Republic since 1931. What the rebel generals expected would ...
As the Navy had remained loyal to the Republic, after pro-coup officers had been murdered by their working-class crews, the only way to get the Army of Africa to the peninsula was by air. With only the gunboat Dato providing a naval ...
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Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
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