A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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Unable to adapt to and counter the guerrilla tactics of the Cuban rebels, Martı ́nez Campos was recalled and replaced by General Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau in 1896. Weyler's arrival in Cuba and his counterinsurgency tactics in Cuba ...
What the rebel generals expected would be a very quick coup d'etat turned into a three-year bloody, brutal, fratricidal conflict that involved not only Spaniards (liberal vs. conservative) but the major powers of Europe as well.
Regulares and the Foreign Legion (roughly 34,000 officers and men) went over to the rebel Nationalists. ... Some trade union militias mounted an effective resistance to the rebels, and many local units of the Guardia Civiland other ...
Thousands of socialists, communists, and idealists heeded the call to arms as the International Brigades played a crucial role in defending the capital from the rebels. In his chapter on the Army of the Republic, Alpert describes the ...
Unlike Spain's North African territories, Equatorial Guinea never developed indigenous rebel groups, allowing Spain to move the colony toward independence without any crises or humiliations. In 1968, Spain granted independence.
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The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors