A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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... war against the Berbers in Morocco in 1859–60. When local tribesmen attacked the Spanish presidio of Ceuta, Spain responded by declaring war. Although the war brought Spain control of the Moroccan cities of Tetua ́n and Tangiers, ...
The best the Army could do now was to focus on Morocco and Equatorial Guinea for any semblance of an overseas empire. Moreover, the Army had to reinvent itself as the defender of the fatherland from internal enemies such as Catalan ...
Spanish policy in Morocco by 1920 was to pacify the rebellious tribesmen either through military power, bribes, or a combination of both, and to penetrate into the interior as much as possible. While Spanish advances in the Western Zone ...
Abd-el- Krim's army grew larger with every victory and the war in Morocco continued to drag on for years. There was no end in sight and great disagreement between politicians, peninsulares, and Africanistas on how the war should be ...
Half of the army remained in Morocco and also received most of the limited modern equipment purchased by the Spanish government, undermining the ability of the military to conduct peninsular defense. The navy, despite several naval ...
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The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
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