A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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... complications of imperial decline, remarkably severe internal conflict, and continuing hostilities on the Moroccan frontier created a situation in which what had become a second-rank army and navy spent more years engaged in warfare ...
Although the war brought Spain control of the Moroccan cities of Tetua ́n and Tangiers, it had been at the cost of thousands of lives, the great majority to cholera. The military had also clearly demonstrated that it was still ...
The Regulares was a unit of Moroccan troops led by Spanish officers, and it would be the officers who began their careers with the Regulares such as Jose ́ Milla ́n Astray, Francisco Franco, Emilio Mola, and Juan Yagu ̈e that would ...
He is best remembered for ending the Moroccan War (1921–27), but he is also responsible for reforming the Army by, among other measures, reducing the size of the officer corps, acquiring better weapons and equipment, raising salaries, ...
Believing that they had a special link to the Berbers and Arabs of the colony, Spanish soldiers and colonial officials tolerated the presence of pro-independence leaders, with the unrealistic expectation that these Moroccans would only ...
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The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors