A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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However, the rebellion failed in the three major cities of Spain: Madrid, Barcelona, and Valencia. There, trade unions and their politicized militias refused to let the government be overthrown by disaffected generals.
Some trade union militias mounted an effective resistance to the rebels, and many local units of the Guardia Civiland other constabulary forces remained local to the Popular Front government in key cities such as Madrid and Barcelona.
Not only did Spanish soldiers and airmen serve in the German military, at the initiative of Spain's government, but Madrid also aligned its diplomatic and commercial efforts alongside those of the Axis. While this identification with ...
Unlike Spanish Morocco, these three colonies had mostly Spanish populations, thus increasing resistance by Madrid to the idea of giving up sovereignty. Moroccan forces supported unsuccessful guerrilla operations against Ifni in the ...
Most recently, Spain experienced terrorist attacks linked to supporters of Al-Qaeda, most infamously in the March 2004 commuter train bombings in Madrid. The role of the Spanish military in the war on terrorism has been of decreasing ...
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The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
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