A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
In the 19th and 20th centuries, Spain was a key player in the military conflagrations that created modern Europe. From the Napoleonic Wars, through the dress rehearsal for World War II that was the Spanish Civil War, to the grim struggle against terrorism today, the military history of modern Spain has both shaped and reflected larger forces beyond its borders.
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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... under the democratic governments that have ruled since 1978, so that it is
possible to define the main modern era of the Spanish military as lasting from the
beginning of the French invasion in 1808 to the abortive pronunciamiento of
With the exception of their victory over the French at Baile ́n in 1808, the Army
was unable to repeat this triumph for the remainder of the war. It would be the
combination of Spanish guerrilla fighters and the Duke of Wellington's British
successfully—the successes of the earlier French revolutionary armies
notwithstanding.8 In the end, however, it was the guerrilla fighter who came to
symbolize Spanish military resistance to the French, and the most famous
Spanish figures of ...
Although the French found it easy to outmaneu- ver or overrun these units when
they faced them in battle, in stationary positions where the cavalry was
insignificant, the Spanish soldiers could withstand even strong French attacks.
The initial ...
the Spanish cavalry would be put to flight with monotonous regularity, thereby
opening the way for a torrent of French horsemen to burst in upon the flanks and
rear of the unfortunate infantry. Caught entirely by surprise, the infantry would not
Nội dung mọi người đang nói đến - Viết bài đánh giá
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors