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The fame. A Room in the Palace.
King EDWARD is discovered fitting on his Throne; Queen ELIZABETH with the infant Prince, CLARENCE, GLOSTER, HASTINGS, and Others, near him.
K. EDW. Once more we fit in England's royal throne,
Re-purchas'd with the blood of enemies.
What valiant foe-men, like to autumn's corn,
Two Cliffords, as the father and the son,
That in their chains fetter'd the kingly lion,
Come hither, Befs, and let me kifs my boy :-
Have we mow'd down,] A kindred image occurs in King Henry V. p. 378 :
mowing like grafs
"Your fresh-fair virgins, and your flow'ring infants."
'Went all a foot in fummer's fcalding heat, That thou might'ft repoffefs the crown in peace; And of our labours thou fhalt reap the gain.
Gzo. I'll blast his harvest, if your head were laid; For yet I am not look'd on in the world. This fhoulder was ordain'd fo thick, to heave; And heave it fhall fome weight, or break my back :Work thou the way,-and thou fhalt execute.3
[Afide. K. EDW. Clarence, and Glofter, love my lovely
And kifs your princely nephew, brothers both. CLAR. The duty, that I owe unto your majefty, I feal upon the lips of this fweet babe.
K. EDW. Thanks, noble Clarence; worthy brother, thanks.4
3 Work thou the way,and thou fhalt execute.] I believe we fhould read:
and this fhall execute.
Richard laying his hand on his forehead says:
Work thou the way
then bringing down his hand, and beholding it :
and this fhall execute.
Though that may ftand, the arm being included in the fhoulder.
The quartos read :
"Work thou the way, and thou shalt execute."
I fuppofe he speaks this line, firft touching his head, and then looking on his hand. STEEVENS.
This is the reading of the old play. The folio reads-and that fhalt execute. But as the word halt is preferved, the other must have been an error of the tranfcriber or compofitor.
4 Thanks, noble Clarence; worthy brother, thanks.] The quarto appropriates this line to the Queen. The first and fecond folio, by mistake, have given it to Clarence.
In my copy of the fecond folio, which had belonged to
'GLO. And, that I love the tree from whence thou fprang'ft,
'Witness the loving kifs I give the fruit :To say the truth, fo Judas kifs'd his mas-.
' And cried-all hail! when as he meant Afide.
K. EDW. Now am I feated as my foul delights, Having my country's peace, and brothers' loves. CLAR. What will your grace have done with Margaret?
Reignier, her father, to the king of France
K. EDW. Away with her, and waft her hence to
And now what refts, but that we spend the time
For here, I hope, begins our lafting joy. [Exeunt.
King Charles the First, his Majefty has erased-Cla, and written King, in its ftead.-Shakspeare, therefore, in the catalogue of his reftorers, may boaft of a Royal name. STEEVENS.
5 With Stately triumphs,] Triumphs are publick shows. This word has occurred too frequently to need exemplification in the present instance. STEEVENS.
THE following SUMMARY ACCOUNT* of the times and places of the feveral battles fought between the two houfes of York and Lancaster, and of the numbers killed on both fides, is given by Truffel, at the end of his Hiftory of England, a book of little value, but in matters of this kind tolerably correct. I have compared his account with our earliest historians, and in fome places corrected it by them.
1. THE BATTLE OF SAINT ALBANS, fought on the 23d of May 1455, between Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, and King Henry VI. In this battle the Duke of York was victorious, and Henry was taken prisoner.
KILLED, on the royal fide 5041, (among whom were Edmond Duke of Somerset, Henry Earl of Northumberland, Humphrey Earl of Stafford, and Thomas Lord Clifford ;) on the fide of the Duke of York, 600. TOTAL—5641.
2. THE BATTLE OF BLOARHEATH in Shropshire, fought on the 30th of September 1459, between James Lord Audley on the part of King Henry, and Richard Nevil Earl of Salisbury on the part of the Duke of York; in which battle Lord Audley was flain, and his army defeated.
3. THE BATTLE OF NORTHAMPTON, 20th of July, 1460, between Edward Plantagenet, Earl of March, eldest son of the Duke of York, and Richard Nevil Earl of Warwick, on the one fide, and King Henry on the other; in which the Yorkifts were victorious.
KILLED-1035, among whom were John Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury, Humphrey Duke of Buckingham, and Sir William Lucy.
4. THE BATTLE OF WAKEFIELD, December 30, 1450, between Richard Duke of York and Queen Margaret; in which the Duke of York was defeated.
KILLED-2801, among whom were the Duke of York, Edmond Earl of Rutland his fecond fon, Sir John and Sir Hugh Mortimer, his bafe uncles, and the Earl of Shrewsbury. Richard Nevil Earl of Salisbury was in this battle taken prisoner, and afterwards beheaded at Pomfret.
5. THE BATTLE OF MORTIMER'S CROSS, in Herefordshire,
* Mr. Ritfon, among his Remarks, 1783, p. 130, has alfo enumerated th following battles, &c. but as Mr. Malone's fubfequent account of the fame occurrences is the more ample of the two, I have adopted it.
on Candlemas-day, 1460-1, between Edward Duke of York, on the one fide, and Jasper Earl of Pembroke, and James Butler Earl of Wiltshire, on the other; in which the Duke of York was victorious.
KILLED-3800, among whom was Sir Owen Tuther or Tudors, who married Queen Katharine, the widow of King Henry V.
6. THE SECOND BATTLE OF SAINT ALBANS, February 17, 1460-1, between Queen Margaret on the one fide, and the Duke of Norfolk and the Earl of Warwick on the other; in which the Queen obtained the victory.
KILLED-2303; among whom was Sir John Grey, a Lancaftrian, whose widow, Lady Grey, afterwards married King Edward the Fourth.
7. THE ACTION AT FERRYBRIDGE, in Yorkshire, March 28, 1461, between Lord Clifford on the part of King Henry, and the Lord Fitzwalter on the part of the Duke of York.
KILLED-230, among whom were Lord Fitzwalter, John Lord Clifford, and the baftard fon of the Earl of Salisbury.
8. THE BATTLE OF TOWTON, four miles from York, PalmSunday, March 29, 1461, between Edward Duke of York and King Henry; in which King Henry was defeated.
KILLED-37,046, among whom were Henry Percy Earl of Northumberland, the Earl of Shrewsbury, and the Lords Nevil, Beaumond, Willoughby, Wells, Roos, Gray, Dacres, and Fitzhugh. The Earl of Devonshire was taken prifoner, and foon afterwards beheaded at York.
9. THE BATTLE of Hedgeley Moor, in Northumberland, April 29, 1463, between John Nevil Viscount Montague, on the part of King Edward IV. and the Lords Hungerford and Roos on the part of King Henry VI: in which the Yorkists were victorious.
KILLED-108, among whom was Sir Ralph Percy.
10. THE BATTLE OF HEXHAM, May 15, 1463, between Viscount Montague and King Henry, in which that King was defeated.
KILLED 2024. Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerfet, and the Lord Roos and Hungerford, fighting on the fide of King Henry, were taken prifoners, and foon afterwards beheaded.
11. THE BATTLE OF HEDGECOTE, four miles from Banbury, July 25, 1469, between William Herbert Earl of Pembroke, on the part of King Edward, and the lords Fitzhugh and Latimer,