Elements of Mental Philosophy: Abridged and Designed as a Text-book for Academies and High Schools

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Harper & brothers, 1842 - 480 trang
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Of the organ of sight and the uses or benefits of that sense
33
Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
34
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
35
The idea of extension not originally from sight
36
Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight
37
Illustration of the subject from the blind
38
Measurements of magnitude by the
39
Of the sensations of hardness and softness
42
Of certain indefinite feelings sometimes ascribed to the touch
44
Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified
45
CHAPTER VI
46
3333353
49
Of objects seen in a mist 41 Of the sun and moon when seen in the horizon
53
Of the estimation of distances by sight
54
Signs by means of which we estimate distance by sight
55
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of objects seen on the ocean
57
CHAPTER VII
58
Meaning and characteristics of conceptions
59
Of conceptions of objects of sight
60
Of the influence of habit on our conceptions
61
Influence of habit on conceptions of sight
62
Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
63
Of conceptions attended with a momentary belief
64
Conceptions which are joined with perceptions
65
Conceptions as connected with fictitious representations
66
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase
68
Of habits as modified by particular callings and arts
69
The law of habit considered in reference to the perception of
70
ib
73
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ib 78
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OF ATTENTION
101
The beginning of knowledge is in the senses
104
x
107
Of our estimate of time in dreaming
113
CHAPTER I
119
Import of suggestion and its application in Reid and Stewart
123
110
126
Of time and its measurements and of eternity
129
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion
135
Of the general laws of association
141
DEMONSTRATIVE REASONING
143
v1 Of ideas of possession
147
Of the influence of lapse of time
148
Secondary law of repetition or habit
149
Of the secondary law of coexistent emotion
150
Original difference in the mental constitution
151
The foregoing as applicable to the sensibilities 15
152
CHAPTER VII
159
Instance illustrative of the preceding statements
162
Marks of a good memory
163
Directions or rules for the improvement of the memory
164
Further directions for the improvement of the memory
165
Of observance of the truth in connexion with memory CHAPTER VIII
166
Of memory as a ground or law of belief
167
Of differences in the strength of memory
168
Of circumstantial memory or that species of memory which is based on the relations of contiguity in time and place
169
Illustrations of specific or circumstantial memory
170
Of philosophic memory or that species of memory which is based on other relations than those of contiguity
171
Illustrations of philosophic memory
172
Of that species of memory called intentional recollection
173
Nature of intentional recollection
174
C
178
160 161 171 172 173 174 ib
181
Mental action quickened by influence on the physical system
183
Other instances of quickened mental action and of a restoration of thoughts 170 Effect on the memory of a severe attack of fever
184
Approval and illustrations of these views from Coleridge
185
Use of definitions and axioms in demonstrative reasoning
186
Application of the principles of this chapter to education
187
Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief
188
Connexion of this doctrine with the final judgment and a future life
189
CHAPTER IX
190
Definition of reasoning and of propositions
191
Process of the mind in all cases of reasoning
192
Illustration of the preceding statement
193
Grounds of the selection of propositions
194
Reasoning implies the existence of antecedent or assumed propo sitions 169 170 177 179
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ib 185
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Characteristics of emotions of beauty
252
Instance of the above form of insanity of reasoning
254
Original or intrinsic beauty The circle
259
INTRODUCTION
261
Illustrations of the original beauty of sounds
265
PART I
267
Of motion as an element of beauty
291
269
292
EMOTIONS OF SUBLIMITY
300
Indications of power accompanied by emotions of the sublime
306
Of wit when employed in aggrandizing objects
312
Section
314
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321
The principles based upon desire susceptible of a twofold
327
311
328
CHAPTER III
333
Of the natural desire of esteem
344
Of the desire of esteem as a rule of conduct
345
Of the desire of possession
346
Of the moral character of the possessory principle
347
Of perversions of the possessory desire
348
Of the desire of power
349
Of the moral character of the desire of power
350
Propensity of selflove or the desire of happiness
351
Of selfishness as distinguished from selflove
352
Reference to the opinions of philosophical writers
353
The principle of sociality original in the human mind
354
Evidence of the existence of this principle of sociality
355
340
356
Relation of the social principle to civil society
357
CHAPTER V
358
Of the complex nature of the affections
359
Of resentment or anger
360
Illustrations of instinctive resentment 346 Uses and moral character of instinctive resentment
361
Of voluntary in distinction from instinctive resentment
362
Tendency of anger to excess and the natural checks to
363
Other reasons for checking and subduing the angry passions
365
Modifications of resentment 351 Modifications of resentment 352 Modifications of resentment 353 Modifications of resentment 354 Nature of the pa...
366
Envy
367
Jealousy
368
Revenge
369
The filial affection original or implanted 361 Illustrations of the filial affection CHAPTER VI
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Of the nature of the fraternal affection
379
On the utility of the domestic affections
380
Of the moral character of the domestic affections and of the be nevolent affections generally
381
Of the moral character of the voluntary exercises of the benevo lent affections
382
Of the connexion between benevolence and rectitude
383
Of humanity or the love of the human race
384
Further proofs in support of the doctrine of an innate humanity or love for the human race
386
Proofs of a humane or philanthropic principle from the existence of benevolent institutions
387
371
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Feelings of obligation simple and not susceptible of definition
403
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Of their authoritative and enforcing nature
428
The nature of conscience considered as a uniform principle of
434
Influence of early associations on moral judgments
440
419
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Of the importance in a moral point of view of adopting correct
446
Disordered action of the principle of selfpreservation
454
Disordered and alienated action of the possessory principle
455
Disordered action of imitativeness or the principle of imitation
456
Disordered action of the principle of sociality
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433
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Of the disordered action of the desire of esteem
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Disordered action of the desire of power 457 459
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CHAPTER III
461
Familiar instances of sympathetic imitation
462
Instances of sympathetic imitation at the poorhouse of Harlem
463
439
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CHAPTER IV
465
444
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473
L
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Trang 242 - Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee : I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? or art thou but A dagger of the mind; a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
Trang 303 - The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
Trang 103 - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
Trang 182 - Lulled in the countless chambers of the brain, Our thoughts are linked by many a hidden chain. Awake but one, and lo, what myriads rise ! * Each stamps its image as the other flies.
Trang 310 - The sun had long since in the lap Of Thetis taken out his nap, And like a lobster boiled, the morn From black to red began to turn," The imagination modifies images, and gives unity to variety ; it sees all things in one, il piti nelV uno.
Trang 120 - This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense...
Trang 162 - Time but the impression stronger makes, As streams their channels deeper wear.
Trang 108 - IN Xanadu did Kubla Khan A stately pleasure-dome decree : Where Alph, the sacred river, ran Through caverns measureless to man Down to a sunless sea. So twice five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round : And there were gardens bright with sinuous rills Where blossomed many an incense-bearing tree ; And here were forests ancient as the hills, Enfolding sunny spots...
Trang 227 - Invention is one of the great marks of genius ; but if we consult experience we shall find, that it is by being conversant with the inventions of others that we learn to invent, as by reading the thoughts of others we learn to think.

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