Volcanoes in Human History: The Far-reaching Effects of Major Eruptions

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Princeton University Press, 2002 - 295 trang

When the volcano Tambora erupted in Indonesia in 1815, as many as 100,000 people perished as a result of the blast and an ensuing famine caused by the destruction of rice fields on Sumbawa and neighboring islands. Gases and dust particles ejected into the atmosphere changed weather patterns around the world, resulting in the infamous ''year without a summer'' in North America, food riots in Europe, and a widespread cholera epidemic. And the gloomy weather inspired Mary Shelley to write the gothic novel Frankenstein.


This book tells the story of nine such epic volcanic events, explaining the related geology for the general reader and exploring the myriad ways in which the earth's volcanism has affected human history. Zeilinga de Boer and Sanders describe in depth how volcanic activity has had long-lasting effects on societies, cultures, and the environment. After introducing the origins and mechanisms of volcanism, the authors draw on ancient as well as modern accounts--from folklore to poetry and from philosophy to literature. Beginning with the Bronze Age eruption that caused the demise of Minoan Crete, the book tells the human and geological stories of eruptions of such volcanoes as Vesuvius, Krakatau, Mount Pelée, and Tristan da Cunha. Along the way, it shows how volcanism shaped religion in Hawaii, permeated Icelandic mythology and literature, caused widespread population migrations, and spurred scientific discovery.


From the prodigious eruption of Thera more than 3,600 years ago to the relative burp of Mount St. Helens in 1980, the results of volcanism attest to the enduring connections between geology and human destiny.

 

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LibraryThing Review

Đánh giá của Người dùng  - setnahkt - LibraryThing

A companion volume to Earthquakes in Human History, with a slightly different tone. Earthquakes considered individual earthquakes, while Volcanoes in Human History is more often about volcanic zones ... Đọc toàn bộ bài đánh giá

Volcanoes in human history: the far-reaching effects of major eruptions

Đánh giá của Người dùng  - Not Available - Book Verdict

After an introductory chapter on volcanism, this volume by geologists Zeilinga de Boer and Sanders shifts its focus to particular volcanic events (e.g., Vesuvius, Mt. Pel e, Krakatau) and areas of ... Đọc toàn bộ bài đánh giá

Nội dung

Volcanism Origins and Consequences
1
The Hawaiian Islands and the Legacy of Pele the Fire Goddess
22
The Bronze Age Eruption of Thera Destroyer of Atlantis and Minoan Crete?
47
The Eruption of Vesuvius in 79 CE Cultural Reverberations through the Ages
74
Iceland Coming Apart at the Seams
108
The Eruption of Tambora in 1815 and the Year without a Summer
138
Krakatau 1883 Devastation Death and Ecological Revival
157
The 1902 Eruption of Mount Pelee A Geological Catastrophe with Political Overtones
186
Tristan da Cunha in 1961 Exile to the Twentieth Century
209
Mount St Helens in 1980 Catastrophe in the Cascades
228
Afterword
250
Glossary
251
Notes and References
261
Selected Bibliography
279
Index
281
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Thuật ngữ và cụm từ thông dụng

Giới thiệu về tác giả (2002)

Jelle Zeilinga de Boer is the Harold T. Stearns Professor of Earth Science at Wesleyan University. His publications include work on the geodynamic evolution of the Appalachians, Costa Rica, Greece, Panama, and the Philippines. Donald Theodore Sanders has worked as a petroleum geologist, a science editor for encyclopedias, and an editor of corporate scientific publications. Before retiring from IBM, he created and edited that company's award-winning academic magazine Perspectives in Computing. Zeilinga de Boer and Sanders are also the coauthors of Earthquakes in Human History (Princeton).

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