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stall; for improvements in or additions to machinery used in scribbling and carding wool, or other fibrous substances.-July 26.

D. O. Richardson, and W. Hirst, manufacturer, both of Leeds; for improvements in the process of printing or dyeing woollen and other fabrics. -July 26.

J. Kay, of Preston, Lancashire; for machinery for preparing and spinning flax, hemp, and other fibrous substances, by power. July 26.

R. Witty, of Sculcoates; for an improved chimney for argand and other burners.-July 30.

J. Lean, of Fishpond-house. near Bristol; for a machine for effecting an alternating motion between bodies revolving about a common centre or axis of motion: also additional machinery or apparatus for applying the same to mechanical purposes.-July 30. The Rev. W. Barclay, of Auldeare, Nairnshire; for an improved instrument to determine angles of altitude or elevation, without the necessity of a view of horizon being obtained.July 30.

R. Badnail, the younger, of Leek; for improvements in the manufacture of silk.-July 30.

S.Bagshaw, of Newcastle-under-line; for a new method of manufacturing pipes for the conveyance of water and other fluids.-Aug. 8.

G. Charleton, of Maidenhead-court, Wapping, and W. Walker of NewGrove, Mile-end-road; for improvements in the building or constructing of ships or other vessels.-Aug. 10.

S. Lord, J. Robinson, and J. Forster, of Leeds; for improvements in machinery in the process of raising the pile on woollen cloths and other fabricks, and also in pressing the same. -Aug. 11.

W. Hirst, H. Hirst, and W. Hey. cock, and S. Wilkinson, of Leeds; for an apparatus for preventing coaches, carriages, mails, and other vehicles, from overturning.-Aug. 11.

J. S. Langton, of Langton juxta Partney, for an improved method of seasoning timber and other wood. Aug. 11.

J. Perkins of Fleet-street; for improvements in the construction of bedsteads, sofas, and other similar articles. Communicated to him by a foreigner.-Aug. 11.

H. R. Fanshaw, of Addle-street,

London; for an improved apparatus for spinning doubling and twisting, or throwing silk.-Aug. 12.

J. Butler, of Commercial-road, Surrey; for a method of making coffins for the effectual prevention of bodies being removed therefrom, or taken therefrom, after interment.-Aug. 12.

M. Lariviere, now residing at Frith-street, Soho, late of Geneva, in Switzerland; for a machine for perforating metal plates of gold, silver, tin, platina, brass, or copper, being applicable to all the purposes of sieves, hitherto employing either canvass, linen, or wire-Aug. 15.

J. A. Taylor, of Great St. Helen's, London; for a new polishing apparatus for household purposes.-Aug. 13.

C. Downing, of Bideford; for improvements in fowling-pieces and other fire-arms.-Aug. 15.

A. Shoolbred, of Jermyn-street; for improvements, or a substitute for, back-stays and braces for ladies and gentlemen, chiefly to prevent relaxation of the muscles.-Aug. 18.

P. Taylor of the City-road, Middlesex; for improvements in making iron.-Aug. 18.

P. Williams of Leeds, and J. Ogle, of Holbeck, Yorkshire; for improvements in fulling mills, or machinery for fulling and washing woollen cloths, or such other fabrics, as may require the process of felting or fulling.-Aug.

20.

G. H. Lyne, of John-street, Blackfriars-road, and T. Stainford, of the Grove, Southwark; for improvements in machinery for making bricks.Aug. 23.

W. Parr, of Union-place, City-road; for an improvement in the mode of propelling vessels.-Aug. 27.

J. Bowler of Nelson-square, Blackfriars-road, and T. Galon, of the Strand; for improvements in the construction or manufacture of hats.Aug. 27.

C. Mercy, of Stoke-Newington; for improvements in propelling vessels.— Sept. 8.

W. Jefferies, of London-street, Radcliffe-cross; for a machine for im pelling power without the aid of fire, water, or air.-Sept. 15.

J. A. Teissier, of Tottenham-courtroad; for improvements in steamengines. Communicated to him by a foreigner.-Sept. 15.

S* 2

C. Dempster, of Lawrence Pountney-Hill; for improved cordage.Sept. 15.

G. H. Palmer, of the Royal-mint; for a new arrangement of machinery for propelling vessels through the water, to be effected by steam or any other power. Sept. 15.

A. Eve, of Louth, Lincolnshire'; for improvements in manufacturing carpets, which he intends to denominate Prince's Patent Union carpet. Communicated to him by a foreigner.Sept. 15.

Í. Lukens, of Adam-street Adelphi; for an instrument for destroying the stone in the bladder, without cutting, which he denominates Lithontrepton. -Sept. 15.

Sir T. Cochrane, knt. (commonly called lord Cochrane), of Tunbridge Wells, Kent; for a new method of propelling ships, vessels, and boats at sea.-Sept. 15.

C. Jacomb, of Basinghall-street, wool broker; for improvements in the construction of furnaces, stoves, grates, and fire-places.-Sept. 15.

W. Duesbury, of Boasal; for a mode of preparing or manufacturing of a white from the impure native sulphate of barytes.-Sept. 29.

J. Martineau, the younger, of the city-road, Middlesex, and H. W. Smith, of Lawrence Pountney place, in the City of London, esq.; for improvements in the manufacture of steel. Communicated to them by, a foreigner.-Oct. 6.

Sir G. Cayley, of Brompton, Yorkshire; bart. for a new locomotive apparatus.-Oct. 6.

J. S. Broadwood of Great Pulteneystreet; for improvements in small, or what are commonly called square piano-fortes.-Oct. 6.

T. Howard, of New Broad-street: merchant, for a vapour engine.--Oct.

13.

N. Kimball, of New York; merchant, for a process of converting iron into steel. Communicated to him by a foreigner.-Oct. 13.

B. Saunders, of Bromsgrove; for improvements in construeting or making of buttons.-Oct. 13.

T. Dwyer, of Lower Ridge-street, Dublin; for improvements in the manufacture of buttons.-Oct. 13

J. C. Daniel, of Stoke Wilts, for improvements in machinery applicable to the weaving of woollen cloth.Oct. 13.

J. Easton, of Bradford; for improvements in locomotive or steam carriages; and also in the manner of constructing the roads or ways for the same to travel over.-Oct. 13.

W. Hirst, J. Wood, and J. Rogerson, of Leeds; for improvements in machinery for raising and dressing of cloth.-Oct. 21.

R. S. Pemberton, and J. Morgan of Lanelley; for a consolidated or combined drawing and forcing pump.Oct. 21.

G. Gurney, of Argyle-street; for improvements in the apparatus for raising or generating steam.-Oct. 21.

L. W. Wright, of Prince's-street, Lambeth; for improvements in the construction of steam-engines.-Oct.

21.

H. C. Jennings, of Devonshirestreet, Middlesex practical chemist, for improvements in the process of refining sugar.-Oct. 22.

T. Steele, of Cambridge; for improvements in the construction of diving bells-Oct. 28.

J. and S Seaward, of Poplar; for a new or improved method of propelling boats, craft, and all kinds of vessels, on canals, rivers, and other shallow waters.-Nov. 1.

W. Ranyard, of Kingston, Surrey; tallow-chandler, for a circumvolution brush and handle. -Nov. 1.

V. Royle, of Manchester; for improvements in the machinery for cleaning and spinning of silk.-Nov. 1.

J. I. Hawkins, of Pancras Vale, Middlesex; for improvements on certain implements, machines, or appar atus, used in the manufacturing and preserving of books, whether bound or unbound.-Nov. 1.

J. Ridgway and W. Ridgway, both of the Staffordshire Potteries, for an improved cock, tap, or valve, for drawing off liquors.--Nov. 1.

T. Seaton, of Bermondsey; for improvements on wheeled carriages.Nov. 7.

G. Hunter, of Edinburgh; for an improvement in the construction, use, and application of wheels.-Nov. 7.

T. S. Brandreth, of Liverpool; for an improved mode of constructing wheel carriages.-Nov. 8.

S. Brown, of Old Brompton, Middlesex; for improvements in machinery for making or manufacturing casks and other vessels.-Nov. 8.

W. E. Cochrane, of Regent-street,

Middlesex; for an improvement in cooking apparatus.-Nov. 8.

J. W. Hiort, Office of Works, Whitehall; for an improved chimney or flue, for domestic and other purposes.-Nov. 8.

C. L. Giroud, of Lyons, in the kingdom of France; for a chemical substitute for gall nuts in all the different branches of the arts or manufactures in which gall nuts have been accustomed or may hereafter be used. -Nov. 8.

J. Wilks, of Rochdale, and J. Erroyd of the same place; for an engine for cutting nails, sprigs, and sparables, on an improved system. -Nov. 8.

J. J. A. M'Carthy, of Pall Mall place; for new or improved pavement, pitching, or covering, for streets, roads, ways, and places.-Nov. 10.

B. Cook, of Birmingham; for a new method of rendering ships' cables and anchors more secure, and less liable to strain and injury while the vessel is at anchor.-Nov. 10.

B. Cook, of Birmingham; for improvements in the binding of books and portfolios of various descriptions. -Nov. 10.

J. G. Deyerlein, of Mercer-street, Middlesex; for improvements on weighing machines, which machines he denominates German weigh-bridges. Communicated to him by a foreigner.

-Nov. 10.

S. Parker, of Argyle street, Middlesex, and W. F. Hamilton, of Nelson-street, Surrey; for a certain alloy or alloys of metals.-Nov. 12.

E. Bowring of Goldsmith-street, London, and R. Stamp, of Buxted; for improvements in the working, weaving, or preparing silk and other fibrous materials, used in making hats, bonnets, shawls, and other materials. -Nov. 17.

J. Guestier, of Fenchurch-buildings, London; for a mode or modes of making paper from certain substances, which are thereby applicable to that, purpose. Communicated to hira by a foreigner-Nov. 17.

A. Lamb, of Prince's-street, London, and W. Suttill, of Old Brompton; for improvements in machinery for preparing, drawing, roving, and spinning flax, hemp, and waste silk.

Nov. 17.

G. Borradaile, of Barge-yard, Bucklersbury, for an improved method of

making or setting up of hats or hat bodies. Communicated to him by a foreigner.-Nov. 17.

A. Count de la Garde, of St. James's-square; for improved machinery for breaking or preparing hemp, flax, and other fibrous materials. Communicated to him by a foreigner. Nov. 24.

J. Eve, residing at Liverpool; for an improved steam-engine.-Nov. 24.

H. King, of Norfolk-street, Middlesex, and W. Kingston, of the Dockyard, Portsmouth; for improved fids fortop-masts, gallant-masts bow-sprits, and all other masts and spars to which the use of the fid is applied.-Nov. 26.

R. J. Tomlinson, of Bristol; for frame-work for bedsteads and other purposes.-Nov. 26.

M. Lariviere, of Princes'-square, Kennington: for apparatus or machinery to be applied to the wellknown Stamp's fly-presses, or other presses, for the purpose of perforating metal plates, and for the application of such perforated metal plates to various useful purposes.— Nov. 28.

W. Pope, of Ball-alley, Lombardstreet, for improvements on wheeled carriages.-Dec. 3.

The same, for improvements in ma king, mixing, compounding, improving, or altering the article of soap.

Dec. 3.

H. Berry, of Abchurch-lane, London; for an improved method, in different shapes or forms, of securing volatile or other fluids, and concrete or other substances, in various descriptions of bottles and vessels.-Dec. 3.

E. Edmonds, of Bradford; for improvenients on machines for scribbling and carding sheep's wool, cotton, or any fibrous articles requiring such process.-Dec. 3.

J. Beever, of Manchester; for an improved gun barrel.-Dec. 3.

E. Luscombe, of East Stonehouse; for a method of manufacturing or preparing an oil or oils extracted from certain vegetable substances, and the application thereof to gas light and other purposes. Partly communicated to him by a foreigner residing abroad. - Dec. 6.

J. P. Beaven, of Clifford-street; for a cement for building and other purposes. Communicated to him by a foreigner.-Dec. 7.

F. Halliday, of Ham, Surrey; for improvements in machinery to be operated upon by steam.-Dec. 9.

J. C. Dyer, of Manchester; for improvements in machinery for making wire cards for carding wool, cotton, tow, and other fibrous substances of the like nature; and also improvements on a machine for shaving and preparing leather used in making such cards.-Dec. 9.

R. Addams, of Hammersmith; for a method of propelling or moving carriages of various descriptions on turnpike, rail, or other roads.-Dec. 14.

M. Ferris, of Longford, Middlesex; for improvements on presses or machinery for printing cotton and other fabrics.-Dec. 14.

J. A. Tabor, of Jewin-street Cripplegate; for means for indicating the depth of water in ships and vessels.Dec. 14.

Patents granted in Scotland, in 1824.

W. Busk, of Broad-street, London; for improvements in the means or method of propelling or moving ships, boats, or other floating bodies.-Aug. 4, 1824.

M. Bush, of Westham; for improvements on machinery or apparatus for printing calicoes, and other fabrics.-Aug. 13.

J. Foot, of Church-street, Spitalfields; silk manufacturer, for an improved umbrella.-Sept. 1.

R. Lloyd, of the Strand, and J. Rowbotham, of Great Surrey-street; for hats upon a new construction.-Aug. 30.

W. H. Horrocks, of Stockport; for a new apparatus for giving tension to the warp in looms.-Aug. 31.

J. G. Bodmer, of Manchester; for

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J. Heathcoat, of Tiverton; for improvements in the method of preparing and manufacturing silk for weaving and other purposes.-Sept. 29.

P. Chel, of Earl's-court, Kensington; for improvements on machinery for drawing, roving, and spinning flax, wool, waste silk, or other fibrous substances.-Oct. 25.

S. Broadmeadow, of Abergavenny; for a new and improved method of manufacturing and purifying inflammable gases, by the admission and admixture of atmospheric air.-Oct. 29.

J. Tetlow, of Manchester, for improvements in power-looms for weav ing various articles.-Oct. 29.

J. Smith, of Old-street, London; for improvements on a machine for washing, cleansing, and whitening, cotton, linen, silk, and woollen garments, or piece goods.-Nov. 6.

T. R. Guppy, of Bristol; gentleman, for improvements in masting vessels. -Nov. 6:

S. Hall, of Basford; for an inproved steam-engine.-Nov. 6.

H. Schroder, of Hackney; for a new filter. Nov. 30.

J. Head, of Banbury; for improvements in machinery for making cord or platt for boot and stay-laces.-Dec. 2.

ANTIQUITIES

AND

MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.

ROMAN Boat.-In making the common sewer in London-street, Glasgow, from the part near the Cross down to the Molendinar Burn, there was found lately, at the depth of about ten feet, the remains of a boat lying in a bed of blue clay, which was covered and surrounded by fine sand, like that found on the shores of a navigable river or wide frith. Some of the clinker nails, used as fastenings, and found in the wood, which was fine oak, had become quite black from long immersion under the earth. The caulking appeared to have been wool dipped in tar. Some years ago, when the common sewer was cutting in the Stockwell, a boat of a similar description was found a little above Jacksonstreet; which would indicate that these two places where the boats have been found, were then the line of the shore of the frith, or bed of the river. These boats must have lain for many centuries in the places where they were found. The workmanship would indicate, that they were formed by a people considerably advanced in civilization. It is probable they were constructed by the Romans, about

the period of Agricola's expedition

into Caledonia, nearly 1740 years ago; at which period there seems little reason to doubt, that the greater part of the ground on which Glasgow now stands, and all the low lands on both banks of the river, to a considerable distance, were covered by the waters of the Frith of Clyde.

The Jesuits' College at Stonyhurst.-The Jesuits, when they were driven from Liege, and their property confiscated at the French Revolution, sought an asylum in England, and were presented by the father, or grandfather, of Mr. Weld, the present owner of Lulworth-castle, with the house and 100 acres of land, at Stonyhurst. They have since purchased 100 more. They are also tenants of no inconsiderable quantity of land, although the produce of the whole is insufficient for the wants of their establishment. The society consists of superiors, missionaries, and teachers. The first of these are few in number: they are the governors of the establishment, and have the whole direction of its affairs. One of them is called the president. The missionaries are

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