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1805. Venus coming out of the Bath. Palazzo Pitti, Florence. Two repetitions of this statue, one for the king of Bavaria, another for the prince of Canino.

Theseus combatting the Centaur, colossal group, Vienna.

Nymph dancing. This statue was exhibited at Somersethouse in 1823, and formerly belonged to Josephine; now (it is believed) in possession of the duke of Devonshire.

1806. Sepulchral Relievo of Countess D'Haro. Studio of the Sculptor.

Sepulchral Vase, with small relievos for the Baroness Deede. Padua. Sitting Statue of the Princess Leopoldina Esterhazy. Vienna. 1807. Monument of Alfieri. Church of St. Croce-Florence, erected by order of the countess of Albany.

Bust in marble of Pius VII., presented by the Sculptor to his Holiness.

Rome.

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Bust of Cardinal Fesch.

Bust of Princess Paulina Borghese Buonaparte. Rome.

Two Statues of Paris, in Carrara marble, one finished in 1813, now in possession of the emperor of Russia; the other completed in 1816, for the hereditary prince of Bavaria.

Model for an Equestrian Statue of Napoleon.

Model of a Monument to the memory of Lord Nelson. 1808. Cenotaph to the memory of Giovanin Volpato. Church of the Holy Apostles. Rome.

Cenotaph for Count de Sousa; two originals were wrought at the same time, one of which is in Rome, the other in Portugal.

Cenotaph to the memory of the Senator Falier. Venice.

1808. Cenotaph for Frederic, Prince of Orange. Padua.

- Hector, a statue in marble, rather larger than nature, not quite finished when the Artist died, wanting the last polish.

Statue of the Muse Terpsichore. Marq. Sommariva, Paris. Replica of the above, with some slight alterations. Sir Simon Clarke.

Bust in marble of the Princess of Canino.

Bust of Paris, for the then Ambassador of France.

1809. Repetition of the Kneeling Magdalen. Prince Eugene Beauharnois was the original pos

sessor.

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Dancing Nymph, with Prince Rossaumoffsky. Dancing Nymph, with a garland. Sig. Manzoni, of Forli. 1810. Colossal model of a Horse. 1811. Sitting Statue of Maria Louisa, with the attributes of Concord. Palace of Colorno near Parma. Semi-colossal Statue of Ajax, companion to the Hector, and left in the same state. Both remained in the studio of the Sculptor.

1812. Colossal Bust of the Sculptor.

Sitting Statue of the Muse Polyhymnia, originally begun as a portrait of the Princess of Lucca (Maria Eliza) subsequently finished, in 1817, as an ideal work, and purchased by the Venetian States for the emperor of Austria. Cabinet of the empress. Vienna.

Lucca.

Bust of the Princess of

Statue of Peace, finished in 1815 for the Russian count Romanzoff. Three successive heads of this family had negociated grand treaties of peace.

Bust of Murat, while King of Naples.

1812. Bust of the Queen of in marble. In the possession of

Naples. (Murat's)

Cenotaphs for two members of the Millerio family. Villa Gernetto, Milan.

Cenotaph to the memory

of the Sculptor's Mother. 1814. Statue of Hebe, third repetition. Lord Cawdor.

The Graces, a group in marble, ordered by Josephine, subsequently completed for prince Eugene. Palace at Monaco.

The Graces a replica with alterations. Duke of Bedford. Bust of Cimarosa, the Museum of the

musical composer. Capitol.

Bust of Paris, presented to M. Quatremère de Quincy. Paris.

Bust of Helen, presented to the countess Albrizzi. Venice. Bust of a Muse, presented

to professor Rossini. Pisa.

Bust of another Muse, lately belonging to the countess of Albany.

his Britannic Majesty.

1816. Hebe, fourth replica. Count Guerini, Forli.

1817. Sepulchral monument for Cardinal York, with busts of the three last Stuarts, in mezzo relievo; erected in St. Peter's by order, and at the expense of his present Majesty.

A sitting Statue of the infant St. John the Baptist. Count

Blacas.

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Bust of another Muse for 1820. count Pezzoli. Bergamo.

Bust of Replica of Paris.
Hereditary prince of Bavaria.
Bust of Peace, for lord

Cawdor.

Colossal Bust of Bossi, the painter, now on his monument at Milan.

Colossal model for a Statue of Religion. The idea in this composition is very little different from that of the same figure in the monument of Rezzonico.

Statue in marble of the above. Lord Brownlow.

Cenotaph to the memory of Chev. Trento. Vicenza.

Recumbent Nymph listening to the lyre of Love. In the possession of his Britannic Majesty. 1816. Venus and Mars, group

Statue of Venus, executed in marble in 1820. This statue is quite different from that of the Palazzo Pitti, and in character approaches nearer to the Venus of the Capitol than to the Medicean. Thomas Hope, esq.

Colossal Statue of Pius VI. kneeling. St. Peter's.

Model of a colossal Statue of Charles III. of Naples, intended to be placed on the colossal horse modelled for Napoleon.

Sepulchral Relievo for

Sig. Manzoni of Forli.

1819. Model for a Statue of a sleeping Endymion, the statue begun, but not finished at the death of the artist.

Statue of a recumbent Magdalen, finished among the last

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MANNERS, CUSTOMS, &c.

TH

PHYSICAL FORM and CHARACTER of the SIAMESE.

[From Finlayson's Mission to Siam and Hué.]

HE Siamese are one of the numerous tribes which constitute that great and singular family of the human race known generally by the appellation of Mongols. If they do not possess, in the most acute degree, the peculiar features of the original, they are at least stamped with traits sufficiently just to entitle them to be considered as copies. There is, however, one general and well-marked form, common to all the tribes lying between China and Hindostan. Under this head are comprehended the inhabitants of Ava, Pegu, Siam, Cambodia, and even of Cochin-China, though those of the latter country more resemble the Chinese than the others. This distinctive character is so strongly blended with the Mongol features, that we have no hesitation in considering these nations as deriving their origin from that source. It

appears to me, that to this source also we ought to refer the Malays,*

* If we compare the Malays with the more acute forms of the Tartar race, with the Chinese on the one hand, or with the Arabs or Hindoos that frequent their islands on the other, we may be disposed to consider them as forming a different race. Their affinity with the Indo-Chinese nations, whom we have

who cannot be said to possess national characters, at least of physiognomy and physical form, sufficiently distinct and obvious to entitle them to be considered as a distinct race. Where there is a difference between the Malays and the tribes mentioned, it is more to be referred to the condition of the mental faculty, than to that of bodily form; to the state of manners, habits of life, language; in short, to circumstances altogether, or in great part, produced by mind. In other respects they would appear to differ but little from the tribes

every reason to consider as of Tartar origin, is, however, quite unequivocal; and it is through this medium, it appears tion. The sea-coasts of the peninsula to me, that we ought to trace their filiaof Malacca, Sumatra, and a few other places in that neighbourhood, will be found to afford the best forms illustrative of the character of this tribe; as, for instance, the people called Orang Laut. In the better-cultivated islands, the physical form is much modified as well as the manners, by intermixture with other tribes; probably with those who preceded them in the possession of the country. Let the inhabitants of the places referred to be compared, not directly with the Chinese, but with the Siamese, Burmans, &c., and little doubt will be entertained as to the probable origin of this people,

mentioned above. Traces of a much ruder people are to be met with in the mountainous districts of these kingdoms, particularly in the peninsula of Malacca. Our knowledge of these is much too scanty to enable us to trace their filiation. Though generally asserted, there are no records to prove that they are the aboriginal inhabitants of the country, at least of any other part of it than the wilds and impenetrable forests which they continue to occupy. The woolly-headed race, and another resembling the Indian, are not uncommon. Their origin will probably ever remain uncertain.

The stature of the body would appear to be much alike in all the tribes of the Mongol race, the Chinese being perhaps a little taller, and the Malays lower than the others. In all it is below that of the Caucasian race. The average height of the Siamese, ascertained by actual measurement of a considerable number of individuals, amounts to five feet three inches.

The skin is of a lighter colour than in the generality of Asiatics to the west of the Ganges; by far the greater number being of a yellow complexion, a colour which, in the higher ranks, and particularly amongst women and children, they take pleasure in heightening by the use of a bright yellow wash or cosmetic, so that their bodies are often rendered of a golden colour. The texture of the skin is remarkably smooth, soft, and shining.

Throughout the whole race there is a strong tendency towards obesity. The nutritious fluids of the body are principally directed towards the surface, distending and overloading the cellular tissue with an inordinate quantity of fat. The muscular textures are in ge

neral soft, lax, and flabby, rarely exhibiting that strength or developement of outline which marks the finer forms of the human body. In labourers and mechanics, particularly the Chinese, the muscular parts occasionally attain considerable volume, but very rarely the hardness and elasticity developed by exercise in the European race. On a simple inspection, we are apt to form exaggerated notions respecting their muscular strength, and capacity for labour. A more close examination discovers the reality, and we find that something more than volume is necessary to constitute vigour of arm.

In point of size, the limbs are often equal to, if not larger than those of Europeans, particularly the thighs, but this magnitude of volume will be found to depend upon the cause alluded to above. The same circumstance gives to the whole body a disproportionate bulk; and hence they form what is called a squat race.

The

The face is remarkably broad and flat, the cheek-bones prominent, large, spreading, and gently rounded. The glabellum is flat and unusually large. eyes are in general small. The aperture of the eye-lids, moderately linear in the Indo-Chinese nations and Malays, is acutely so in the Chinese, bending upward at its exterior termination. The lower jaw is long, and remarkably full under the zygoma, so as to give to the countenance a square appearance. The nose is rather small than flat, the ale not being distended in any uncommon degree; in a great number of Ma lays, however, it is largest towards the point. The mouth is large, and the lips thick. The beard is remarkably scanty, consisting only

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