Elements of Mental Philosophy: Abridged and Designed as a Text-book for Academies and High Schools

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Harper & bros., 1841 - 480 trang
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The connexion between the mental and physical change not ca ble of explanation
26
Of the meaning and nature of perception 14 Perception makes us acquainted with a material world
27
Of the primary and secondary qualities of matter
28
Of the secondary qualities of matter
29
Of perceptions of smell in distinction from sensations
33
Of the sense and the sensations of taste
34
CHAPTER IV
35
Varieties of the sensation of sound
36
Manner in which we learn the place of sounds
37
CHAPTER V
38
Origin of the notion of extension and of form or figure
40
On the sensations of heat and cold Page 38 ib 40
41
Of the sensations of hardness and softness
42
Of certain indefinite feelings sometimes ascribed to the touch
44
Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified
45
Page
46
Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
47
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
48
The idea of extension not originally from sight
49
Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight
50
Illustration of the subject from the blind
51
Measurements of magnitude by the
52
Of objects seen in a mist 41 Of the sun and moon when seen in the horizon
53
Of the estimation of distances by sight
54
Signs by means of which we estimate distance by sight
55
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of objects seen on the ocean
57
CHAPTER VII
58
Of habit in relation to the smell CHAPTER VIII
59
Of conceptions of objects of sight
60
Of the influence of habit on our conceptions
61
Influence of habit on conceptions of sight
62
Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
63
Of conceptions attended with a momentary belief 65 Conceptions which are joined with perceptions 66 Conceptions as connected with fictitious repr...
64
Other striking instances of habits of touch
65
Habits considered in relation to the sight
66
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase
68
Of habits as modified by particular callings and arts
69
The law of habit considered in reference to the perception of the outlines and forms of objects
70
Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine
71
Additional illustrations of Mr Stewarts doctrine
72
CHAPTER IX
83
Simple mental states not susceptible of definition
84
Simple mental states representative of a reality
85
Origin of complex notions and their relation to simple 84 85
86
Supposed complexness without the antecedence of simple feelings
87
The precise sense in which complexness is to be understood
88
Illustrations of analysis as applied to the mind
89
Complex notions of external origin 88 89
90
Of objects contemplated as wholes
91
CHAPTER X
92
Instances of particular abstract ideas
93
Mental process in separating and abstracting them
94
General abstract notions the same with genera and species
95
Process in classification or the forming of genera and species
96
Early classifications sometimes incorrect 83 Illustrations of our earliest classifications
97
OF ATTENTION 88 Of the general nature of attention
101
Of different degrees of attention
102
Dependence of memory on attention
103
Of exercising attention in reading
104
Alleged inability to command the attention
105
Instances of notions which have an internal origin
106
CHAPTER XII
107
Dreams are often caused by our sensations
108
Explanation of the incoherency of dreams 1st cause 97 Second cause of the incoherency of dreams
110
Apparent reality of dreams 1st cause
111
Apparent reality of dreams 2d cause
112
Of our estimate of time in dreaming
113
Explanation of the preceding statements
114
The idea of space not of external origin
115
The idea of space has its origin in suggestion
116
PART II
117
Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
118
CHAPTER I
119
103
120
105
121
107
122
108
123
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal identity
124
110
126
111
127
113
128
114
129
CHAPTER III
136
Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness
137
Consciousnes a ground or law of belief 126 Instances of knowledge developed in consciousness
138
CHAPTER IV
140
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
141
Of the use of correlative terms 130 Of relations of identity and diversity
142
11 Relations of degree and names expressive of them
143
III Of relations of proportion
144
IV Of relations of place or position
145
v Of relations of time
146
vi Of ideas of possession
147
VII Of relations of cause and effect
148
Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect
149
Connexion of relative suggestion with reasoning
150
CHAPTER V
151
Of the general laws of association
152
Resemblance the first general law of association
153
Of resemblance in the effects produced
154
Contrast the second general or primary
155
Contiguity the third general or primary
157
Cause and effect the fourth primary
158
Section
159
The foregoing as applicable to the sensibilities
166
Section
167
Illustrations of philosophic memory
172
Further directions for the improvement of the memory
179
Approval and illustrations of these views from Coleridge
185
Use of definitions and axioms in demonstrative reasoning
186
The opposites of demonstrative reasonings absurd
187
Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief
188
Of the use of diagrams in demonstrations
189
CHAPTER XI
190
Definition of reasoning and of propositions
191
Of reasoning from analogy
192
Of reasoning by induction
193
Of combined or accumulated arguments
194
184
200
Imagination an intellectual rather than a sensitive process
204
The imagination closely related to the reasoning power
205
190
206
Process of the mind in the creations of the imagination
207
Further remarks on the same subject
208
Illustration from the writings of Dr Reid
209
Grounds of the preference of one conception to another
210
Illustration of the subject from Milton 212 The creations of imagination not entirely voluntary 213 Illustration of the statements of the preceding sect...
211
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
212
Consider the kind of evidence applicable to the subject 199 Reject the aid of false arguments or sophisms 211 ib 212 213
213
Fallacia equivocationis or the use of equivocal terms and phrases
215
Of the sophism of estimating actions and character from the cir cumstances of success merely
216
Of adherence to our opinions
217
Effects on the mind of debating for victory instead of truth CHAPTER
218
Of the less permament excited conceptions of sound
219
First cause of permanently vivid conceptions or apparitions Morbid sensibility of the retina of the
220
206
221
207
222
224
241
225
242
227
244
228
245
229
246
231
248
232
249
235
251
THE SENSIBILITIES
259
PART I
267
EMOTIONS OF BEAUTY Section 252 Characteristics of emotions of beauty
273
Of what is meant by beautiful objects
274
Of the distinction between beautiful and other objects
275
Grounds or occasions of emotions of beauty various
276
All objects not equally fitted to cause these emotions
277
A susceptibility of emotions of beauty an ultimate principle of our mental constitution
278
Remarks on the beauty of forms The circle
279
Original or intrinsic beauty The circle 260 Of the beauty of straight and angular forms
280
Of square pyramidal and triangular forms
281
Of the original or intrinsic beauty of colours
283
Further illustrations of the original beauty of colours
284
Of sounds considered as a source of beauty
286
Illustrations of the original beauty of sounds
287
Further instances of the original beauty of sounds 290 267 The permanency of musical power dependent on its being intrinsic
290
Of motion as an element of beauty
291
Explanation of the beauty of motion from Kaimes
292
CHAPTER IV
300
The occasions of the emotions of sublimity various
301
Great extent or expansion an occasion of sublimity 279 Great height an element or occasion of sublimity
302
Of depth in connexion with the sublime
303
Of colours in connexion with the sublime 282 Of sounds as furnishing an occasion of sublime emotions
304
Of motion in connexion with the sublime
305
Indications of power accompanied by emotions of the sublime
306
Of the original or primary sublimity of objects 286 Considerations in proof of the original sublimity of objects
307
Influence of association on emotions of sublimity
308
CHAPTER V
309
Occasions of emotions of the ludicrous
310
Of what is understood by wit 291 Of wit as it consists in burlesque or in debasing objects
311
Of wit when employed in aggrandizing objects
312
Of the character and occasions of humour
313
Of the practical utility of feelings of the ludicrous 278 279 280
314
298
316
300
317
302
321
303
322
304
323
306
324
309
326
310
327
ib 312
328
313
330
314
331
CHAPTER III
333
Further illustrations of the principle of curiosity
339
Of the natural desire of esteem
344
Of the desire of esteem as a rule of conduct
345
Of the desire of possession
346
Of the moral character of the possessory principle
347
Of perversions of the possessory desire
348
Of the desire of power
349
Of the moral character of the desire of power
350
Propensity of selflove or the desire of happiness
351
Of selfishness as distinguished from selflove
352
Reference to the opinions of philosophical writers
353
The principle of sociality original in the human mind
354
Evidence of the existence of this principle of sociality
355
340
356
Relation of the social principle to civil society
357
CHAPTER V
358
Of the complex nature of the affections
359
Of resentment or anger
360
Illustrations of instinctive resentment 346 Uses and moral character of instinctive resentment
361
Of voluntary in distinction from instinctive resentment
362
Tendency of anger to excess and the natural checks to
363
Other reasons for checking and subduing the angry passions
365
Modifications of resentment 351 Modifications of resentment 352 Modifications of resentment 353 Modifications of resentment 354 Nature of the pa...
366
Envy
367
Jealousy
368
Revenge
369
CHAPTER VI
371
Love in its various forms characterized by a twofold action 357 Of the parental affection 358 Illustrations of the strength of the parental affection 35...
372
Of the affection of pity or sympathy
373
Of the moral character of pity 375 Of the affection of gratitude
374
359
375
360
376
361
377
362
379
363
380
365
382
369
383
Of humanity or the love of the human race
384
Further proofs in support of the doctrine of an innate humanity or love for the human race
386
Of the moral character of the voluntary exercises of the benevo lent affections
392
375
394
376
395
379
398
380
400
Further illustrations of the results of the absence of this principle
401
Proofs of a humane or philanthropic principle from the existence of benevolent institutions
404
386
408
387
413
389
414
390
416
392
418
394
420
Further proof from language and literature
426
Feelings of obligation have particular reference to the future
430
413
436
419
442
425
451
Disordered action of the principle of selfpreservation
454
Disordered and alienated action of the possessory principle
455
Disordered action of imitativeness or the principle of imitation
456
Disordered action of the principle of sociality
457
Further remarks on the disordered action of the social propensity
458
Of the disordered action of the desire of esteem
459
Disordered action of the desire of power 459
460
CHAPTER IL
461
Familiar instances of sympathetic imitation
462
Instances of sympathetic imitation at the poorhouse of Harlem
463
439
464
DISORDERED ACTION OF THE AFFECTIONS 440 Of the states of mind denominated presentiments
465
Of sudden and strong impulses of the mind
467
Insanity of the affections or passions
468
Of the mental disease termed hypochondriasis
469
Of intermissions of hypochondriasis and of its remedies
471
Disordered action of the passion of fear 446 Perversions of the benevolent affections
473
CHAPTER IV
475
Of accountability in connexion with this form of disordered con science
476
Of natural or congenital moral derangement
477
Of moral accountability in cases of natural or congenital moral derangement
479
17
ib 18
19
20
ib 222 26 27 27 28 29 30 31 32 ib 33 34 35 36
ib 78 81

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Trang 101 - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
Trang 163 - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Trang 78 - Spit, fire! spout, rain! Nor rain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters: I tax not you, you elements, with unkindness; I never gave you kingdom, call'd you children, You owe me no subscription: then let fall Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave, A poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man.
Trang 303 - The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
Trang 231 - The sooty films that play upon the bars Pendulous, and foreboding in the view Of superstition prophesying still Though still deceived, some stranger's near approach.
Trang 169 - Windsor ; thou didst swear to me then, as I was washing thy wound, to marry me, and make me my lady, thy wife.
Trang 118 - ... as we do from bodies affecting our senses. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.
Trang 187 - ... according to the deeds done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be evil...
Trang 385 - The air was sweet and plaintive, and the words, literally translated, were these : ' The winds roared and the rains fell. The poor white man, faint and weary, came and sat under our tree. Ke has no mother to bring him milk ; no wife to grind his corn.' Chorus : 'Let us pity the white man ; no mother has he, etc., etc.
Trang 310 - The sun had long since in the lap Of Thetis taken out his nap, And like a lobster boiled, the morn From black to red began to turn," The imagination modifies images, and gives unity to variety ; it sees all things in one, il piti nelV uno.

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