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exterminate kings! Men of the 4th of July, of the 5th of October; men of the 10th of August, awake!
"Your brethren, your children, pursued by the enemy, surrounded, perhaps, call to you! Your brethren, your children, massacred on the 10th of August, on the plains of Champagne, under the smoaking ruins of Lisle; your brethren slain at Jemappe ;-Arise! they must be revenged!
"Let all the arms be carried into the sections; let every citizen meet there; let us swear to save our country; let us save it. Misfortune light on him who fhall hesitate! Let to-morrow thousands of men leave Paris. This is the deadly combat between men and kings; between bondage and liberty.
Marat, Roberspierre, and the rest of that sanguinary party, were not idle on this occasion. Attempts were made to shut the barriers, which was generally believed to be the certain signal for another mafsacre, but by the vigilance of the magistrates and Santerre, the commander in chief in Paris, that was happily prevented; so that a temporary tranquillity was once more established.
A fhort while ago a decree had been passed with a view to complete the levies of men necessary for the armies, requiring every person in the nation, between eighteen and forty, to march out as soldiers to join the armies, when called upon by certain commissioners named for that purpose. This severe and arbitrary measure, (which can in truth be viewed in no other light than as a law, authorising these commifsioners to pillage at will every person of property, and to oppress those who have none,) it seems has failed to produce the intended effect; for the armies were nearly as deficient in numbers as before. Another decree, still more arbitrary and more despotic, was now passed, erecting a tribunal for the purpose of bringing to trial, and summary punishment, all persons suspected of uncivism, or entertaining antirevolutionary principles. This tremendous tribunal was to consist of six persons, and is to have power to summon before them whoever they please; and in a summary manner to examine all circumstances that may to them appear of a suspicious nature; and to pronounce immediate judgement; and execute these decisions without appeal. The decree is in the following words:
I. The Revolutionary Tribunal fhall take cognizance of every enterprise, plot, and attempt against the liberty and sovereignty of the people, and the unity, indivisibility, and external, as well as internal safety of the republic; of every plan tending to establish royalty, and of every crime relating to the fabrication of forged afsignats.
II. This tribunal fhall consist of six judges, divided into two sections. Three members in each section fhall be sufficient to examine facts denoun ced.
III. The judges fhall be chosen by the National Convention, by the Appeal Nominal, and by a Relative Majority.
IV. To this tribunal shall belong a public accuser, and two afsistants, named by the Convention in the same manner as the judges. A commifsion of six members fhall also be appointed to draw up the decrees of accusation which may be passed by the Convention,
. The jurors fhall be in number twelve, and their substitutes three. They fhall be taken from the department of Paris until the 1st of May next, an epoch when the electoral bodies must renew their jurors.
VI. Crimes against general safety, afsigned heretofore to the cognizance of municipalities, fhall in future be judged by the revolutionary tribu- · nal.
VII. There shall be no appeal from the sentence.
VIII. Sentence passed in the absence of the accused,fhall have the same effect as if they were present.
IX. Persons accused who fhall not appear within three months, fhall be considered as emigrants, and treated as such.
During this state of ferment and confusion, Bournonville, the minister at war, gave in a letter to the Convention, containing his resignation of that office, and requesting permifsion to go and serve in the army on the frontiers. This gave occasion to violent debates, recriminations, and abuse, in the Conyention. Some members proposing that the minister fhould be interrogated as to his reasons for resigning, and others opposing it. Danton proposed that ministers in future fhould be chosen from among the members of the Convention; but this motion for the present was not relished. Fnally, Bournonville's resignation was accepted; but he was not permitted to join the army till his accounts shall have been passed.
Some time ago Condorcet read from the Committee of Legislation a new plan of a constitution for France, which has been now printed, and detailed in all the English newspapers; but which our narrow limits prevent us from inserting; and which seems indeed the less necessary, as it will not in all probability be ever carried into effect, seeing the Jacobin Club, the rulers of which direct every thing in France, have rejected it. The following is an extract from the papers on that subject.
Very vehement debates have taken place amongst the Jacobins on the plan of a new constitution presented to France, Anthoine said, it was a masterpiece of nonsense and treachery. Couthon complained that a clear exposition of the Natural Rights of Man was not to be found in it. The principle of resistance to opprefsion was exprefsed in an absurd and most unintelligible manner. The theory of election was too complicated, and favoured the intrigues of the rich. Above all, he found it ridiculous to indicate a legal manner of resisting opprefsions; as if, said he, when an afsafsin is to be got rid of, time ought to be allowed him to consummate his guilty designs.
The society came to the following resolutions. That they considered the plan of the constitution as a public calamity, and would make incessart efforts to prevent the adoption of it by the people.
The society also took into consideration the means of punishing such deputies as had voted against the execution of the late king.
This plainly discovers, that the domineering party in France with to have no check upon their power, even by the appearance of law; but that they only desire to perpetuate that bloody system of proscription and assassination which they have hitherto so succefsfully employed. Some faint attempts have been made by means of the mob, to try if the people are yet prepared
to go the lengths they wish, by proclaiming Egalitè regent; but this propo sal was received with such marked disapprobation as to check their proceeding farther in that path for the present. These motions have been just sufficient to discover what is the ultimate object of their wishes.
Such is the present distracted state of France. The crisis now seems to be at hand; and we fhould by no means be surprised, if, in our next chronicle, we had occasion to announce some dreadful convulsion, which has once more precipitated many thousands to the grave, and others to misery and wretch. edness, in that distracted country! Who does not wish that a speedy termination could be put to these multiplied scenes of confusion and disturbance!
THE levies continue to go forward with increasing alacrity; and no man ever saw, in Scotland at least, such a number of recruits obtained in so short a time, either for the navy or land service, as at present. The nation seems, indeed, to believe, almost with unanimity, that the war was unavoidable; but they are as universally satisfied, that it is of great importance it should be of as short duration as possible. It is this sentiment animating every bosom, which has induced almost every description of men to exert themselves as if the success of the war depended on them alone, in order that, by the great vigour of our arms, the contest may be rendered so unequal as to terminate in a permanent peace almost at once. Even the members of opposi tion profefs to have adopted the same principles. Administration, at the same time, profefses that it has no desires hostile to France. And it is to be hoped these professions are sincere on both sides; for if they be, the nation at large will forward these views with the most cordial unanimity. Never, indeed, before did this nation seem to be so sensible of the mischievous tendency of war; nor was its effects ever so sensibly and so speedily felt as at present. Monied men have been so eager to avail themselves of the profits that they hope to derive from this fort spurt of war, as it is generally supposed it will be, that they have called in their credits from the mercantile and manufacturing part of the community so rapidly as to have produced already very serious effects. Many bankruptcies in great banking houses, where the money was lodged at command, have already taken place; and more are feared. The discounting of bills, on which the credit of our very extensive manufactures greatly depends, has been almost universally discontinued, which occasions an unexpected scarcity of cash, that is severely felt, and which, if long continued, would be productive of very wide and mischievous consequences. Every one, therefore, who feels these inconveniences, looks forward towards the termination of the war with the most impatient anxiety; so that were administration to avoid embracing the earliest opportunity of terminating the war in such a manner as to insure the safety, without aggrandising the territories
of Britain, the popular tide would turn very quickly, and ebb with a greater degree of rapidity than it has flowed.
In parliament nothing remarkable has occurred since our last, unless it be the opening of the budget, which took place in a Committee of Supply on the 11th of March, when the minister, after giving in estimates of the expence, and stating the Ways and Means for the current year, found there would be a deficiency amounting to L. 2,900,000, which he proposed to raise by way of loan; and the bill proposed by the Attorney General, " For the more effectually preventing the holding treasonable correspondence with the enemies of his majesty's subjects, aiding, abetting, or comforting the said enemies." The intention of this bill is, in the first place, to prevent British subjects from sending to the enemies of this country, during the continuance of the war, supplies of arms, ammunition, victuals, or warlike stores of any sort. 2d, To prohibit them from buying lands in France, or from vesting money in the French funds. 3d, To prevent any persons from going to France, without his majesty's permission under the privy seal. 4th, To prevent any person from coming into this country from France, without certain precautions therein stated. And, lastly, To prohibit the insurance of French ships by British subjects. This bill is only announced, and has not yet been brought into parliament. It is a strong step; but whether the present circumstances of the country may not be sufficient to authorise it, we pretend not to say. We doubt not but administration will take care so to conduct themselves under its authority, as to give no just occasion for complaint. Some may think it has been too long delayed; and that, now, it is like shutting the stable door after the steed has been stolen.
The French have made a vigorous pufh to fit out a fleet at Brest which sailed some days ago, and is supposed to be now cruising in the chops of the channel, waiting for captain Gardener's rich convoy. It consists of seven fhips of the line, and three frigates. By the last accounts, a fleet of nine ships of the line were ready to sail from Spithead in quest of it. Should it be so fortunate as fall in with and beat the French squadron, it is hoped that circumstance would contribute much to pave the way for a speedy termination of the war.
IN Ireland the Roman Catholic bill, which is meant to restore to the privi
leges of citizens that numerous body of men, having now nearly pafsed in parliament, though not without considerable opposition, seems to give very general satisfaction; and we would fain hope will contribute much towards eradicating that tendency to licentiousnefs, which has too long pervaded that fine country.
In the committee of Ways and Means, the Minister stated L. 500,000 what he expected to obtain from the East India Company for à renewal of their charter. The terms on which this renewal is to be granted, are not yet finally adjusted. But it is proposed, inter alia, that the Company should appropriate annually a certain tonnage of fhipping for the transporting of British goods to India, at a freight much below the rate that has been hitherto charged.
News has been received of the safe arrival of captain Bligh in the West Indies, with a large afsortment of plants of the bread fruit tree, and other vegetables from the southern hemisphere, in a state of high preservation. This is the first expedition we know of, (the present being considered as only the completion of captain Bligh's first voyage,) that has been fitted out by any European power for the sole purpose of augmenting the happiness and prosperity of mankind by a kind of traffic,-if a transporting of useful commodities from one part of the world to another deserves that name, in which the party who makes that transportation, is to have no profit. This kind of intercourse is, in fact, so unusual, that it has not as yet obtained an appropriated name. Our gracious sovereign has had the merit of planning and effecting it; and we hope he will live to see the happy effects that will result from it. May these be such as to induce many others to follow his example'
William, earl Mansfield, who for many years occupied the highest law department in this country, with great honour to himself, and satisfaction to the public, died at Caen Wood on the 20th instant, in the eighty-sixth year of his age. He is succeeded in his titles and great wealth by his nephew, lord viscount Stormont, now earl Mansfield.
MANUEL, who long made such a conspicuous figure in France, has been af safsinated at Montagris, his native place, to which he had lately retired, on finding the very violent and sanguinary dispositions of the ruling party in Paris. The pretext was his refusing to be inrolled as a volunteer, having pleaded that he was exempted from that duty by the law, he being upwards of forty years of age.
It is also reported that Dumourier, on his arrival at Brufsels, imprisoned the commifsioners of the National Convention. It is certain that other commissioners are appointed to superintend the army in Belgium. The intrepid DANTON is one of that number. The proceedings of the commissioners have been so arbitrary in different places, as to occasion great complaints. A deputation from Strasburgh was sent to the Convention to accuse the commifsioners, who have been in consequence of that recalled.
BOURNONVILLE having been re-elected minister at war, has agreed to hold that office till the month of May, at which time he says he means to go to fight the enemy on the frontiers.