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and barren plain would be forsaken by their inhabitants, who would prefer the mild climate and fruitful fields of this garden of Europe to their own stormy winters and ungrateful soil.

Were we to consider in what grofs ignorance the western world was immersed ten or eleven centuries ago, the spiritual empire which the bishops of Rome found means to establish over so considerable a portion of the globe would appear just what might have been expected in the nature of things. The little knowledge which had escaped the general wreck, was confined entirely to ecclesiastics who were devoted to the see of Rome, and they only were capable of directing affairs of state. In this enlightened age we are acquainted with the power of superstition over the human mind only by the effects which we know it has produced, and we are apt to accuse of weakness those princes and kingdoms that tamely submitted to be so long directed by the papal see, when we ought rather to pity their ignorance. Without the art of printing, knowledge must ever have been confined to those few in whom ability to buy books united with a taste for study. But after that most useful of inventions, which puts books within the reach of almost every one, knowledge spread over Europe with amazing rapidity. Men soon began to think for themselves, and to reason concerning their civil and religious rights. Princes. who had the command of the military force, being more interested in preserving or extending their own power than in protecting that of the clergy,. suffered, and in some places encouraged this spirit VOL. xiv.


of inquiry. The difsolute lives of the clergy, so contrary to their profession, prompted men, heated and eager, &c. &c.

I find this would lead me into a longer difsertation than I dare engage in at present.

'Tis needlefs to attempt putting that face upon the matter to you, my dear fellow; to you I honestly confefs it would lead me far beyond my depth.

My feelings are not hurt by attendance on divine worship, even where the ceremonial part is very different from that of my own country; and ever since I could think of matters of the sort, I have believed that a very moderate fhare of learning and knowledge would infallibly lead to this liberality of sentiment. Yet when he was in Scotland, the great Dr Samuel Johnson refused to hear a prefbyterian clergyman. "Let Dr Robertson, (said he,) get up to a tree and preach, and I will hear him; but never by my presence will I sanction a prefby. terian assembly." Still I fancy the general rule will seldom fail; and some of our most ingenious and learned men have declared a general rule the stronger for a few exceptions. If he is consistent with himself, of this opinion will that gentleman be, who, when he had the honour to represent the city of Edinburgh, declared in the House of Commons, in the case of Sir Hugh Palliser, that the partial acquittal of the court martial was more to his honour than an unanimous one would have been.

This place swarms with religious persons, both regulars and seculars, who three hundred years ago wtie judged equally necefsary. In many countries

the seculars have been long suppressed, without any inconvenience, and some scruple not to think the day is coming, though it be yet at a great distance, when the regulars fhall fhare the same fate. General censures of the clergy might perhaps be construed into disaffection to religion, a fault of which I hope I never shall be justly accused. However, I do not deny that I cannot be much pleased at seeing a man puzzling himself and his hearers, in order to explain a mystery that he knows as little of as the meanest of his hearers; or to divide and subdivide a point of morality that requires no division at all; though this, it must be owned, is now seldomer to met with, even in catholic countries, than was not long ago common among the more enlightened clergy of Britain.

The major part of mankind being doomed to labour for their daily bread, deep learning can never become general; but some thousands of years hence, when by means of printing a moderate portion of knowledge fhall be difseminated, and when all mankind shall be as enlightened, my dear fellow, as thou art, then may we hope that mankind will unite in being satisfied that true religion consists, not so much in a rigid adherence to this or that particular set of tenets; but that its efsence consists in an unfeigned submifsion to the will of God, and a sincere worship of the Supreme Being in spirit and in truth. W. E.


SIR, from a vale as Tempe sweet,
By water'd I thee greet,
And hope that from a little county,
You'll not despise a little bounty,
(Little county-little present,
E'en as parvum pa va decent,)
Forsooth because there's scarce a Scot,
That reads your Bee, and has a groat
To pay the post, but doth transmit,
Of prose or verse, to thee some bit,
Or good, or bad, or middling stuff,.
Such as his brain affords. Dost huff?
(For having Fancy's steed bestrode,
And fourscore miles and upwards rode,
And sprung clean o'er the friths of Tay
And forth expanded in the way,
Within a moment eke in winter,
I'm at your elbow, Master Printer.)
"Tut son, say'st thou, of Maia's son,
"Art hither come to make us fun?

"In step Iambick thou dost foot it,
"And in fantastic coat art suited:

"Hence, hence! of thee and thy brain's stuff,
"We've got too much,—
—at least enough."
-But softly Sir, you've wrong begun,
I'm of Latona's son a son,

In proof whereof, look here I bring
A drop of the Castalian spring.
"A drop!"-
'---nor scorn, let me thee tell,
A drop, if from Castalia's well;
For well you know that spring's almost
Block d up just now with snow and frost;
And at the best the spring's so small,
It can't supply the wants of all,
Who round it are for ever flocking
Gasping for thirst, and eke near choaking,
So you may prize it when ye get it,

For many a one n'er tastes't who seek it *.

The drop promised was not sent, to the great disappointment of the Editor, who has long looked in vain for a pure drop of this famous fountain. He suspects this spring must consist of a fluid that requires a greater degree of heat to liquely it than this climate affords; for it appears to him to be frozen up here alike in summer as in winter. Perhaps it is of the nature of tallow or spermaceti, which requires a war. mer climate to set it a flowing. Since this notion struck him, he has been very anxious to see a little of it, that he might subject it to the test of chemical experiments; but his correspondents seem to be very fhy in furnishing it; judge then of his disappointment at finding it wanting on the present occasion.

From Epigrams subjoin'd to J. Sylvester's Du Bartas.
BEWARE, fair maid, of mighty courtiers oaths,

Take heed what gifts or favours you receive;
Let not the fading glofse of silken cloaths
Dazzle your vertues, or your fame bereave;

For once but leave the hold you have of grace,
Who will regard your fortune or your face?

Each greedy hand will strive to catch the flower,
When none regard the stalke it growes upon;
Basenefse desires the fruit still to devoure,

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And leave the tree to fall or stand alone;

But this advise, fair creature, take of mee,
Let none take fruit unlefse hee'll ha e the tree.

Beleeve not oaths, nor much protesting men,
Credit no vowes, nor a bewailing song;

Let courtiers sweare, forsweare, and sweare agen,
The heart doth live ten regions from the tongue;

For when with oaths and vows they make you tremble,
Beleeve them least for then the most difsemble..

Beware lest Croesus doe corrupt thy minde,
Or fond ambition sell thy modesty;
Say, though a king thou even courteous finde,
Hee cannot pardon thy impurity.

Begin with kings, to subjects you will fall;
From lord to lackey, and at last to all.


From Paradise of Daynty Devise. fol. 1. 3. signed M. Yloop.
Nor stayed state, but feeble stay,
Not costly robes, but bare array;
Not pafsed welth, but present want,
Not heped store, but sclender skant;
Not plenty's purse, but poore estate,
Not happy hap, but froward fate;
Not with at wil, but want of joy,
Not hart's good helth, but hart's annoy;
Not freedome's use but prisoner's thrall,
Not costly seate, but lowest fall;
Not weale I meane, but wretched wo,
Doth truely try the freend from foe;
And nowght but frowarde fortune proves,
Who fauning faines, or simply loves.

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