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THE

ANNUAL REGISTER,

OR A VIEW OF THE

HISTORY,

POLITI C S,

AND

LITERATURE,

Of the YEAR 1762.

The FIFTH EDITION.

LONDON:

Printed for J. DoDSLEY, in Pall-Mall, 1787.

503.541-B

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HE reader will obferve, that, though

TE the negotiations by which the war

has been fo happily terminated, were not entirely closed until the beginning of the prefent year, we have nevertheless brought all these transactions into the Regifter for 1762. We thought it more advisable to delay our publication for fome days, than leave incomplete an object, which appeared to us fo extremely interefting. Accordingly, the reader has before him, in this volume, every thing of moment relative to the last year's part of the war, except the taking of the Manilas, the account of which came very late.

We return our thanks to thofe gentlemen, who have been fo obliging as to favour us with hints, towards rendering our work more complete. Of fome we have been already in a condition to profit; of others we hall take advantage hereafter; fome few,

though

though very judicious in themselves, could not be ferviceable in the plan we had adopted.

The peace, which has contributed so much to the happiness of Europe in general, has taken fomething from the entertainment of the curious and idle part of it. We are now deprived of those mighty events, of those astonishing revolutions of fortune, of thofe matters of anxious hope and fear, which diftinguished the late troubled and glorious period. We do not, however, defpair, by the continuance of our former induftry, and the continuance of the public indulgence to it, of furnishing, from the occafional political tranfactions of each fucceeding year both foreign and domeftic, fomething, which may not prove altogether unworthy of the reader's attention; and which may fupply the lofs of the military materials.

THE

THE

ANNUAL REGISTER,

For the YEAR 1762,

THE

HISTORY

OF THE

PRESENT WAR.

CHAP. I.

State of Europe in the beginning of this year. Ill ftate of the British alliance, Condition of the northern powers. War reaches to the fouthern. Family compact. Some articles from it. Obfervations upon them. Confequences of this treaty to Europe. War declared against Spain. State of Spain and Great Britain at the beginning of the war between them. Advantages and difadvantages on each fide.

T

HE close of the year 1761 left the affairs of all Europe, both military and political, in the moft interefting fituation, in which they have ftood, at perhaps any period of our modern hiftory. The endeavours which had been made to bring about peace amongst the belligerent powers, served only to encrease their animofity. And at the fame time they brought into light and exertion, thofe latent motives and difpofitions VOL. V.

to war, which had long lurked in other powers under the veil of a neutrality; and have only been kept down fometimes by irrefolution of temper in perfons, and fometimes by want of fyftem in politics. These ineffectual endeavours for peace produced alfo many occafions of quarrel and debate, that were abfolutely new.

To the north there was no appearance of relenting in any one of the powers engaged. It was [B]

not

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