Local Government and the States: Autonomy, Politics and Policy
M.E. Sharpe, 7 thg 2, 2003
This book offers an overview of the legal, political, and broad intergovernmental environment in which relations between local and state units of government take place, the historical roots of the conflict among them, and an analysis of contemporary problems concerning local authority, local revenues, state interventions and takeovers, and the restructuring of local governments. The author pays special attention to local governmental autonomy and the goals and activities of local officials as they seek to secure resources, fend off regulations and interventions, and fight for survival as independent units. He looks at the intergovernmental struggle from the bottom up, but in the process examines a variety of political activities at the state level and the development and effects of several state policies. Berman finds considerable reason to be concerned about the viability and future of meaningful local government.
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Các trang được chọn
Federal State and Local Relations
Localities in State Politics
Cities and the States The Historical Perspective
The Authority Problem
The Revenue Problem
The Takeover Problem
The Restructuring Problem
State and Local Revenues Selected Years 19201999
State and Local Governments Selected Years 19021998
Thuật ngữ và cụm từ thông dụng
ability action activity administrators affairs agencies allowing American approach areas Association authority boards budget Chapter cities citizens comes Commission concern considerable constitutional cooperation costs counties courts David decisions districts economic effect effort elected ernments example existing federal federal government Fiscal functions funds give governor grants greater groups growth home rule impose increased interests Intergovernmental intervention involved issues Journal jurisdictions League legislators legislature limit lobbying local governments local officials localities look Management mandates March matters mayor ment metropolitan Michigan Municipal noted officials organizations particular percent places political Press problems programs property taxes raise recent reform regard regional regulations Relations require responsibilities revenues role school districts share shifting spending State-Local Relations takeovers tion types units University Urban various voters Washington York
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Trang 70 - It is a general and undisputed proposition of law that a municipal corporation possesses and can exercise the following powers, and no others : First, those granted in express words; second, those necessarily or fairly implied in or incident to the powers expressly granted ; third, those essential to the accomplishment of the declared objects and purposes of the corporation — not simply convenient, but indispensable.
Trang 2 - Municipal corporations owe their origin to, and derive their powers and rights wholly from, the Legislature. It breathes into them the breath of life, without which they cannot exist. As it creates, so it may destroy. If It may destroy, it
Trang 167 - The number, nature and duration of the powers conferred upon these corporations and the territory over which they shall be exercised rests in the absolute discretion of the State.
Trang 167 - Municipal corporations are political subdivisions of the State, created as convenient agencies for exercising such of the governmental powers of the State as may be entrusted to them.
Trang 71 - First, those granted in express words; second, those necessarily or fairly implied in or incident to the powers expressly granted; third, those essential to the declared objects and purposes of the corporation — not simply convenient but indispensable. Any fair reasonable doubt concerning the existence of power is resolved by the courts against the corporation and the power is denied.
Trang 31 - Association, the National Association of Counties, the National League of Cities, and the United States Conference of Mayors are assisting us in this effort.
Trang 24 - I am here today speaking on behalf of the National League of Cities and the United States Conference of Mayors.
Trang 8 - Legislatures, the National League of Cities, the US Conference of Mayors and the National Association of Counties. The...
Trang 100 - Grants are usually designated for specific programs in such areas as education or transportation, although most states also provide unrestricted grants for general purposes. In the case of shared taxes, states act as tax collectors, returning all or a portion of the yield from a shared tax according to an allocation formula or on the basis of the revenues
Tài liệu tham khảo sách này
Oecd Territorial Reviews Newcastle in the North East, United Kingdom
Publishing Oecd Publishing
Không có bản xem trước - 2006