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not being so scrupulous, made a bargain upon the spot, and went away. In half an hour he returned with the sad news that he had been disappointed of his ride by one of the proprietors arriving from the country in a post chaise, and taking a seat to Barnaby Moor. His road and mine lay together. He had come back to walk with me, and offered to carry my fhirts. I liked him for his gratitude.


I had walked from North Allerton, and was much fatigued. I went into the Angel inn, called the waiter, and afked for a room. The fellow came slowly, wiping a glass all the way. He looked earnestly at me, and turning half round, "I have no rooms, (he said,) but if you please, Sir, I will show you into the kitchen." Had I taken half a second to consider of it, I would have had no objection to the proposal. It was the folks in the kitchen I wan ted to see and converse with. But such is the diffe rence between going into a kitchen, and being shown into one, that my pride got up in a moment, and I walked off.

When he was a young man, lord Gne, of his way to and from London, was wont to ride on the top of the stage coach, in order to have a better view of the country, and to drink his bottle of cla ret at dinner and supper. This made folks wonder. Had his design been like mine, to see the manners of the lower ranks, he would have come better to his purpose by calling for a pot of ale.

I amused myself in the church yard till it was almost dark, when I went to the King's Arms inn,

119 walked into the kitchen without ceremony, sat me down, and called for a pint of ale. A miller, two graziers, and a butcher, were sitting drinking. I took up a pipe, and listened to their conversation. I soon joined them, at which they exprefsed much satisfaction; and we were going to be very merry, when the landlord came down, and politely inquired what I would choose for supper, and desired me to walk into a parlour where there was a fire.-'Tis Hattering to be thus distinguifhed when unknown. I thought it a debt due entirely to myself, independent of every extrinsic circumstance, and I was mortified when at breakfast next morning with the hostefs, I learned that I owed it to my linen. Soon after I came in, I gave my two shirts, which had been washed the evening before, to the chamber maid to be better dried. She seeing them to be very fine linen, had carried them to her mistrefs, who, noticing the marking, asked to whom they belonged. The girl (a very pretty one by the bye) told, and was sent to view me more narrowly. Upon her report the innkeeper came in person, and took that notice. of me I have just mentioned. I begged of him to sit down for a little. The miller led him aside, and they whispered together. I hate to be gazed at; and the ale being out, and the miller becoming very inquisitive, I suffered myself to be shown into a parlour, and invited the landlord to sup with me. He excused himself as his wife was quite alone; so I afked her too.

I dare say travellers among the ancient Greeks and Romans, who had no public inns, went to pri

vate houses without any of those unpleasant feelings that a modern would experience in such a situation. From Lot and Abraham entertaining the angels, it appears that they were unknown in eastern countries too, in these early times; unlefs we suppose them to have been innkeepers, which is an opinion not advanced by any commentator; at least as far as W. E. I know.


SOME time after the conclusion of the late war, a young American was present in a British playhouse, where an interlude was performed in ridicule of his countrymen. A number of American officers being introduced in tattered uniforms, and barefoot, the question was put to them severally, "What was your trade before you entered into the army?" One answered a taylor, another a cobler, &c. The wit of the piece was to banter them for not keeping themselves clothed and fhod; but before that could be exprefsed, the American exclaimed from the gallery, "Great Britain beaten by taylors and coblers! Huzza!" Even the prime minister, who was present, could not help smiling amidst a general peal of laughter.


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A COXCOMв afked a stuttering barber's boy, "Did you ever have a monkey?" No, Sir, (said the boy,) but if you will s-s-s-sit down, I'll t-t-t-try,'


Clafs second.


The CARBUNCULUS of the ancients.

HARDNESS from 17 to 13; SPECIFIC GRAVITY from 4,2 to 3,4.


The DEEP RED or oriental. [The PURPLE RED orirental of the jewellers, is the carbunculus of Pliny,] PALE RED. SPINEL, a bright red. violet red. RUBICEL, redifh yellow.


BALLAS, pale

** DEEP RED, H 17; Sp Gr 4,2; Arg 40; Sil 39; Cal m 9; Ir ro.* PALE RED, H 16; Sp Gr 3,5.

SPINEL, H 13; Sp Gr.3,4.


The ruby is generally octoedral, but sometimes it is found in irregular hexagons. Wallerius and Rome de Lisle afsert that the best rubies, sapphires, and topazes, are but the same stone, of different colours, a fact which the similitude of their component parts seems to confirm, as well as their crystallization, from which alone, the above two writers formed their opinions. The Siberian aqua marine offers a strong fact on their side; as we have it of a green, a blue, and a yellow colour, all equally brilliant VOL. Xiii.



and fine. Rubies are made artificially, by gradually heating, in a crucible covered with wood afhes, the Brazil topaz till red hot, which gives it a fine ruby colour.

Structure, Properties, &c.

Texture laminar. Electric on friction. The true ruby does not lose its colour in the fire, although the bastard or rubicel is said to lose it. It does not melt per se, even in the focus of a large burning glafs, as authors afsert; but we suppose they were unacquainted with the power of Mr Parken's lens, which vitrifies, and even calcines the ruby. It melts with dephlogisticated air, even when only used with a blow pipe, as Dr Franklin demonstrated. Borax and microcosmic salt effect its fusion.

Where found.

The true ruby is found in the East Indies and Brazil, sometimes in a red sand of certain rivers, sometimes adhering to red coloured rocks, and sometimes in a hard green clay. The spinel, ballas, and rubicel, are found in Brazil, Hungary, Silesia, and Bohemia. The carbuncle is found in great plenty on the sea fhore near Ely in Fifefhire, Scotland. There is also a stone which comes near to the ruby found near Portsoy, Banffshire, and at Inverary, Argyleshire, Scotland.


The largest ruby was in the possession of the Great Mogul, of a round form, weighing about two ounces and

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