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The plaintiff, colonel Campbell, of the Chatham division of Marines, was married in the year 1802 to Miss Catherine Mawbey, the daughter of an officer of rank, and a lady of beauty and accomplishment. Mr. Delmont, the defendant, at the time of the plaintiff's marriage, was a subaltern under that officer's command, and received from him very considerable attentions. In the year 1803 he went to Malta; in the year 1808 he returned to England, and continued a frequent visitor at the house of colonel Campbell. until the year


The elopement of the plaintiff's wife with the defendant being proved, a variety of evidence was called, to show the happy state in which the plaintiff and his wife had been accustomed to live. Upon the cross-examination it appeared that colonel Campbell was twenty years older than the lady, and that his general conduct had been confiding, almost to negligence. In the house at Chatham Mrs. Campbell had a small dressing-room fitted up, in which she was in the habit of receiving her visitors. This room was provided with a sofa; and in this room, while the colonel was taking his morning walks, the defendant was in the habit of passing his time with the lady. It appeared also, that the plaintiff was accustomed, regularly at ten o'clock, to retire to rest; and that he used frequently to light his candle and depart, leaving captain Delmont to sit up with his wife. Upon other occasions the defendant and the lady had betaken themselves to the bou doir after dinner, leaving the

plaintiff to finish his wine alone. in the parlour.

Mr. Scarlett, in mitigation of damages, strongly urged the disparity of age between colonel Campbell and his wife, and the temptation to which, by the plaintiff's careless conduct, the defendant had been exposed.

The Lord Chief-Justice summed up the evidence; and the jury found for the plaintiff Damages 500l.

FATA MORGANA.-This singular and curious phenomenon, which is occasionally seen near the Bay of Naples, and which is nearly allied to the mirage, so well known in the East, was observed in Huntingdonshire, during the late hot weather. The sun was shining in a cloudless sky, and the light vapours, arising from the river Ouze, were hovering over a little hill, near St. Neot's; when suddenly the vil lage of Great Paxton, its farm-' houses, barns, dispersed cottages, and indeed, the whole of its beautiful and picturesque scenery were distinctly visible in these vapours, forming a splendid aerial picture, which extended from east to west, for several hundred yards. This natural panorama lasted for about ten minutes, and was visible from a neighbouring declivity, about half a mile from Great Paxton.

DEATH OF TAMMEAMEA, KING OF THE SANDWICH ISLANDS.Accounts from Petropawlowsk, in Kamtschatka, of the 10th Nov. 1819, received by way of Petersburgh, give the following particulars of the death of Tammeamea, king of the Sandwich Islands, which event took place in the month of March of the

same year.
The statement is de
rived from the reports of Ame-
rican vessels.

"Before the death of the king, an extraordinary phenomenon took place within the space of three hours, the water of the ocean rose and fell on the coasts of the Sandwich Islands for a space of six feet, with such a regularity and calmness that the ships in the harbour, and the villages situated near the coast, suffered not the least injury. The inhabitants of Owaihi looked upon this as an omen of their sovereign's approaching death. In the mean time, his majesty had collected round his death-bed all the chiefs of the islands submitted to his power; and he made them promise religiously to maintain all the useful esta blishments founded by him, "which we," he said, "owe to the white people that have come to live among us." These he requested to be respected before all others; that their property should be held sacred, and those rights and privileges be preserved to the white visitors, which they had enjoyed during his reign. Hereupon he appointed one of his sons, named Rio-Rio, to be his successor. This youth, of about twenty years old, has been brought up in the European man ner, and is said to speak English tolerably well. According to the custom of the country, Tammeamea made all the present chiefs take the oath of allegiance to this newly-appointed sovereign, and recommended him, on account of his youth, to the care of his consort, by which act he made her the temporary and virtual regent of all his possessions. A few hours after, this remarkable prince

expired. By the law of these islanders, the acknowledged successor is obliged to leave the spot, and even the island, where the sovereign died. But the bold and ambitious young Rio-Rio said to his friends on his departure from Owaihi, "Since my father has thought me worthy to reign, in preference to my brothers, I shall suffer no other power over me; and after the expiration of the time, I declare to you, I shall either return as actual king, or never return alive." The chiefs, who had remained at Owaihi, were engaged in military exercise, and the whole island was filled with warriors, mostly armed in the European style. Even foreign ships in the harbour were obliged to arm themselves. This was the critical situation of these remote islands, when the American ship left them. They are, however, of opinion, that young Rio-Rio, supported by a numerous party, and even by the American ships that are there, will, although not without bloodshed, succeed to the throne. The property found after the death of the king, and which he had acquired in trading with the Europeans, amounted to half a million of Spanish piasters in cash, and the same value in goods, besides several well-fitted merchantmen: An immense fortune for a chief, who, in 1795, during Vancouver's residence near these islands, exchanged, in common with his subjects, bananas and figs, for the English old nails. He then assisted the sailors in filling the water-casks, and fitting the iron hoops to the casks, in which he showed much skill. And this barbarian died twenty-four years after, a wellinformed and powerful prince,

master of the whole Sandwich pregnant with vast benefit to a


SOUTHERN OR ANTARCTIC CONTINENT,This important discovery, which will be attended with incalculable advantages to our trade in the South Seas, was made last year by a Mr. Smith, master of the William, of Blythe, in Northumberland. Our SouthSea traders, who, during hostilities between this country and Spain, have been subjected to the greatest difficulties and privations, will now be independent of Spain or any other power possessing South America. Mr.

Smith ran for two or three hundred miles along this continent, which formed large bays, abound ing with the spermaceti whale, seals, &c. The drafts and soundings taken by the discoverer are in the possession of our government. The following brief account has been given of the discovery:

"Á Mr. Smith, master of the William, of Blythe, in Northumberland, and trading between the Rio Plata and Chili, in endeavouring to facilitate his passage round Cape Horn, last year, ran to a higher latitude than is usual in such voyages, and in lat. 62, 30, and 60 west long. discovered land. As circumstances would not admit of a close examination, he deferred it until his return to Buenos Ayres, when he made such further observations as convinced him of the importance of his discovery. On making it known at Buenos Ayres, speculation was set on the alert, and the Americans at that place became very anxious to obtain every information necessary to their availing themselves of a discovery which they saw was

commercial people. Capt. Smith was however too much of an Englishman to assist their specu lations, by affording them that knowledge of his secret which it was so necessary for them to possess, and was determined that his native country only should enjoy the advantages of his discovery; and on his return to Valparaiso, in February last, he devoted as much time to the developement of it as was consistent with his primary object, a safe and successful voyage.

"He ran in a westward direction along the coasts, either of a continent or numerous islands, for two or three hundred miles, forming large bays, and abounding with the spermaceti whale, seals, &c. He took numerous soundings and bearings, draughts and chart of the coast; and, in short, did every thing that the most experienced navigator, despatched purposely for the object of making a survey, could do. He even landed, aad in the usual manner took possession of the country for his sovereign, and named his acquisition New South Shetland. The climate was temperate, the coast mountainous, apparently uninhabited, but not destitute of vegetation, as firs and pines were observable in many places; in short, the country had upon the whole the appearance of the coast of Norway. After having satisfied himself with every particular that time and circumstances permitted him to examine, he bore away to the north, and pursued his voy-. age.

"On his arrival at Valparaiso he communicated his discovery to captain Sherriff, of his majes

ty's ship Andromache, who happened to be there. Captain S. immediately felt the importance of the communication, and lost not a moment in making every arrangement for following it up; he immediately despatched the William, with officers from the Andromache; and in this stage the last letter from Chili left the expedition, with the most sanguine expectation of success, and ultimate advantages resulting from it; and, if we are correctly informed, a fully detailed narrative has been forwarded to go


"On taking a cursory view of the charts of the Southern Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, it will be seen, that though captain Cook penetrated to a much higher latitude, and consequently drew his conclusion from observing nothing but vast mountains of ice; it will be seen also, that his meridian was 45 degrees further to the west of New South Shetland, leaving a vast space unexplored on the parallel of 62, between that and Sandwich Land, in longitude 28 west. He again made 67, or thereabouts, but in longitude 137 to 147 west. Perouse ascended no higher than 60, 30; Vancouver about 55; other navigators passing in the Straits of Magellan and Le Maire, and most of them passing as close Cape Horn as possible, in order, as they thought, to shorten the passage to the Pacific, are circumstances that reasonably account for the protracted period to which so important a discovery has been delayed. It is stated, in recent arrivals from Valparaiso, that the brig William had returned from the survey. On her arrival off the harbour, and making her

report to captain Searle of the Hyperion, orders were given that no intercourse with the shore should be permitted. This has naturally led to the inference, that the discovery turns out to be important, and that this precaution is taken to prevent the interference or claim of any foreign nation, previous to the usual measures of taking possession in the name of his Britannic majesty. The only draughtsman on the station, competent to perform the scientific_part_of the investigation, was Mr. Bone, a son of the distinguished artist of that name; he accordingly went in the William, and made the drawings of the coast," &c.

LARGE BLOCK OF AMETHYST. -A block of amethysts has been sent from Brazil to Calcutta, four feet in circumference, and weighing 98 lbs.

GRAND SURGICAL OPERATION.-The most surprising and honourable operation of surgery is, without any contradiction, that lately executed by M. Richerand, by taking away a part of the ribs and of the pleura. The patient was himself a medical man, and not ignorant of the danger he ran in this operation being had recourse to, but he also knew that his disorder was otherwise incurable. He was attacked with a cancer on the internal surface of the ribs and of the pleura, which continually produced enormous fungosities, that had been in vain attempted to be repressed by the actual cautery. M. Richerand was obliged to lay the ribs bare, to saw away two, to detach them from the pleura, and to cut away all the cancerous part of that membrane. As soon as he had made the opening, the

air rushing into the chest occasioned the first day great suffering and distressing shortness of breath; the surgeon could touch and see the heart through the pericardium, which was as transparent as glass, and could assure himself of the total insensibility of both. Much serous fluid flowed from the wound, as long as it remained open, but it filled up slowly by means of the adhesion of the lung with the pericardium, and the fleshy granulations that were formed in it. At length the patient got so well, that on the twenty-seventh day after the operation, he could not resist the desire of going to the Medicinal School to see the fragments of the ribs that had been taken from him, and in three or four days afterwards, he returned home, and went about his ordinary business. The success of M. Richerand is the more important, because it will authorize, in other cases, enterprizes which, according to received opinions, would appear impossible; and we shall be less afraid of penetrating into the interior of the chest.


1. THE QUEEN.-The following is an extract of a private letter from Milan :

"The inclosed is a copy of a letter which has been received here by a très mauvais sujet (who was imprisoned two years for a robbery), called Pianazza, from colonel Teuille, now in London, where he is present to be an evidence for the Queen. Persons are stationed in the coffee-houses at Milan, who endeavour to dissuade the witnesses against the VOL. LXII.

Queen from coming over to give evidence."

Translation of a letter from colonel Teuille, to his friend at Milan, Mr. Pianazza:—

"London, Aug. 1.

"My Friend; You hold a dead silence, and I, on the contrary, am more and more endeavouring to prove to you that I live, and daily think of my country, of my friends. I, therefore, inform you, that her Majesty the Queen of England, by a venerated dispatch, invited me to proceed to this indescribable capital. After previous preparations and dispositions respecting correspondence, orders, &c. I set out like lightning from my hermitage, rapidly crossed the sea, and here I am, in Albion.

Oh, wonder! Oh, grandeur!" I am lodged like a lord, treated, waited upon as the fairest lady; in a word, I am well.

"I must, however, tell you, that on my passing at Dover, my figure was examined, and there they immediately took care to inquire to which party I belong ed, and the moment it was found who I was, and that I came to give evidence in favour of the Queen, of truth, justice, and of that illustrious head, who scattered so much gold in my ungrateful country, my insignificant person was not only respected, but I had the sweet satisfaction of being greeted and applauded.

"The whole population of Dover is daily on the beach and at the Pier, to observe the darkcomplexioned people who disembark; these are followed to the different inns, and as soon as they are perceived to be those celebrated false witnesses, bought. by the dint of guineas, they saᏃ

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