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commanded by major Hull; the 2d battalion 52d, commanded by lieut..colonel Ross; the 97th regi. ment, commanded by lieutenantsolonel Lyon; the 36th regiment, commanded by colonel Burne; the 40th, commanded by colonel Kem. mis; the 71st, commanded by licut.. colonel Pack; and the 82d regiment, commanded by major Eyre.

In mentioning colonel Burne and the 36th regiment to you upon this occasion, I cannot avoid to add, that the regular and orderly conduct of this corps throughout this service, and their gallantry and discipline in action, has been conspicuous.

I must take this opportunity of acknowledging my obligations to the general and staff officers of the army. I was much indebted to major-general Spencer's judgment and experience, in the decision which I formed with respect to the number of troops allotted to each point of defence, and for his ad. vice and assistance throughout the action. In the position taken up by major-general Ferguson's brigade, and in its advance upon the enemy, that officer shewed equal bravery and judgment; and much praise is due to brigadier-general Fane, and brigadier-general An. strather, for their gallant defence of their position in front of Vimiera, and to brigadier-general Nightin. gale, for the manner in which he supported the attack upon the enemy, made by major-general Fer

guson.

Lieutenant-colonel G. Tucker, and lieutenant-colonel Bathurst, and the officers in the depart. ments of the adjutant and quartermaster-general, and lieutenant-co

lonel Torrens, and the officers of my: personal staff, 'rendered me the greatest assistance throughout the action.

I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) ARTHUR WELLESLEY. N. B. Since writing the above, I have been informed that a French general officer, supposed to be ge neral Thebault, the chief of the staff, has been found dead upon the field of battle. A. W.

CONVENTION OF CINTRA.

London Gazette Extraordinary.

Downing-street, Sept. 16. THE following dispatch was re

ceived yesterday evening from lieutenant gen. sir Hew Dalrymple,, commanding his majesty's troops in Portugal, addressed to lord viscount Castlereagh.

Head-quarters, Cintra, Sept. 3. My Lord-I have the honour to inform your lordship that I landed in Portugal, and took the command of the army on Monday the 22d of August, the next day after the battle of Vimiera, and where the enemy sustained a signal defeat, where the valour and discipline of British troops, and the talents of British officers, were eminently dis played. A few hours after my ar. rival, general Kellermann came in with a flag of truce from the French general-in-chief, in order to pro pose an agreement for a cessation of hostilities, for the purpose of concluding a convention for the evacuation of Portugal by the French troops. The enclosed con. tains the several articles at first

agreed

agreed upon, and signed by sir Ar. thur Wellesley and general Kellermann; but as this was done with a reference to the British admiral, who, when the agreement was communicated to him, objected to the 7th article, which had for its object the disposal of the Russian fleet in the Tagus, it was finally concluded, that lieutenant-colonel Murray, quarter-master-general to the British army, and general Kellermann, should proceed to the discussion of the remaining articles, and finally to conclude a convention for the evacuation of Portugal, subject to the ratification of the French general-in-chief, and the British commanders by sea and land. After considerable discussion and repeated reference to me, which rendered it necessary for me to avail myself of the limited period latterly prescribed for the suspension of hostilities, in order to move the army forwards, and to place the several columns upon the routes by which they were to advance, the convention was signed, and the ratification exchanged the 30th of last month. That no time might be lost in ob. taining anchorage for the transports and other shipping, which had for some days been exposed to great peril on this dangerous coast, and to insure the communication between the army and the victuallers, which was cut off by the badness of the weather, and the surf upon the shore; I sent orders to the buffs, and 428 regiments, which were onboard of transports with sir C. Cotton's fleet, to land and take posses. sion of the forts of the Tags, when ever the admiral thought it proper to do so. This was accordingly carried into execution yesterday morning, when the forts of Cascais,

was

St. Julien and Bugio, were evacuiated by the French troops, and taken possession of by ours. As f landed in Portugal, entirely unac quainted with the actual state of the French army, and many cir. cumstances of a local and incidental nature, which doubtless had great weight in deciding the question; my own opinion in favour of the expediency of expelling the French army from Portugal, by means of the convention the late defeat had induced the French general-in-chief to solicit, instead of doing so by a continuation of hostilities, principally founded on the great importance of time, which the sea. son of the year rendered peculiarly valuable, and which the enemy could easily have consumed in the protracted defence of the strong places they occupied, had terms of convention been refused them.When the suspension of arms was agreed upon, the army under the command of sir John Moore had not arrived; and doubts were even entertained, whether so large a body of men could be landed on an open and a dangerous beach; and, that being effected, whether the supply of so large an army with provisions from the ships could be provided for, under all the disadvantages to which the shipping were exposed. During the negotiation, the former difficulty was overcome by the activity, zeal, and intelli. gence, of captain Malcolm, of the Donegal, and the officers and men under his orders; but the possibi.. lity of the latter seems to have been at an end, nearly at the moment when it was no longer necessary. Captain Dalrymple, of the 18th dragoons, my military secretary, will have the honour of delivering

to

to your lordship this dispatch. He is fully informed of whatever has been done under my orders, relative to the service on which I have been employed, and can give any explanation thereupon that may be required. HEW DALRYMPLE, Lieut.-general.

[A suspension of arms agreed upon between sir A. Wellesley and general Kellermann, on the 22d of August, was the basis of the follow. ing convention; the seventh article of that preliminary treaty (which was afterwards rejected by sir C. Cotton) stipulated that the Russian fleet should be allowed to remain in the Tagus, unmolested, as long as it thought proper, or to return home.]

Definitive Convention for the Evacuation of Portugal by the French Army.

The generals commanding in chief the British and French armies in Portugal, having determined to negotiate and conclude a treaty for the evacuation of Portugal by the French troops, on the basis of the agreement entered into on the 224 inst. for a suspension of hostilities, have appointed the undermentioned officers to negotiate the same in their names, viz. :-On the part of the general in-chief of the British army, lieut..colonel Murray, quar ter-master-general, and on the part of the general-in-chief of the French army, M. Kellermann, general of division; to whom they have given authority to negotiate and conclude a convention to that effect, subject to their ratification respectively, and to that of the admiral commanding the British fleet at the entrance of the Tagus. Those two officers, after exchanging their full

powers, have agreed upon the arti cles which follow :-Art. I. All the places and forts in the kingdom of Portugal occupied by the French troops shall be delivered up to the British army in the state in which they are at the period of the signa. ture of the present convention.Art. II. The French troops shall evacuate Portugal with their arms and baggage; they shall not be considered as prisoners of war, and on their arrival in France, they shall be at liberty to serve.-Art. III. The English government shall furnish the means of conveyance for the French army, which shall be disembarked in any of the ports of France between Rochefort and L'Orient inclusively. Art. IV. The French army shall carry with it all its artillery of French calibre, with the horses belonging to it, and the tambrils supplied with sixty. rounds per gun. All other artil lery, arms, and ammunition, as also the military and naval arsenals, shall be given up to the British ar. my and navy, in the state in which they may be at the period of the ratification of the convention.→ Art. V. The French army shall carry with it all its equipments, and all that is comprehended under the name of property of the army; that is to say, its military chest, and carriages attached to the field commissariat and field hospitals; or shall be allowed to dispose of such part of the same on its account as the commander-in-chief may judge it unnecessary to embark. In like manner, all individuals of the army shall be at liber. ty to dispose of their private property of every description, with full security hereafter for the pur chasers.-Art. VI. The cavalry

are

are to embark their horses, as also the generals and other officers of all ranks. It is, however, fully understood, that the means of con veyance for horses at the disposal of the British commanders are very limited; some additional convey ance may be procured in the port of Lisbon; the number of horses to be embarked by the troops shall not exceed six hundred; and the number embarked by the staff shall not exceed two hundred. At all events, every facility will be given to the French army to dispose of the horses belonging to it which cannot be embarked.—Art. VII. In order to facilitate the embark. ation, it shall take place in three divisions, the last of which will be principally composed of the garrisons of the places, the cavalry, the artillery, the sick, and the equip. ment of the army. The first divi. sion shall embark within seven days of the date of the ratification, or sooner, if possible.-Art. VIII. The garrisons of Elvas, and its forts, and of Peniche and Palmela, will be embarked at Lisbon; that of Almaida at Oporto, or the nearest harbour. They will be accompa. nied on their march by British com. missaries charged with providing for their subsistence and accommodation. Art. IX. All the sick and wounded who cannot be embarked with the troops are intrusted to the British army. They are to be taken care of whilst they remain in this country, at the expence of the British government, under the con dition of the same being reimbursed by France when the final evacu. ation is effected. The English government will provide for their rc. turn to France, which shall take place by detachments of about one

hundred and fifty or two hundred men at a time. A sufficient number of French medical officers shall be left behind to attend them.Art. X. As soon as the vessel、 cmployed to carry the army to France shall have disembarked in the harbours specified, or in any other of the ports of France to which stress of weather may force them, every facility shall be given them to return to England without delay, and security against capture until their arrival in a friendly port.Art. XI. The French army shall be concentrated in Lisbon, and within a distance of about two leagues from it. The English army will approach within three leagues of the capital, and be so placed as to leave about one league between the two armies.-Art.XII. The forts of St. Julien, the Bugio, and Cascais, shall be occupied by the British troops on the ratification of the convention. Lisbon and its citadel, together with the forts and batteries, as far as the lazaretto or Trafuria on one side, and fort St. Joseph on the other, inclusively, shall be given up on the embarkation of the second division, as shall also the harbour, and all armed vessels in it of every descrip tion, with their rigging, sails, stores, and ammunition. The fortresses of Elvas, Almaida, Peniche, and Palmela, shall be given up as soon as the British troops can arrive to occupy them. In the mean time the general-in-chief of the British army will give notice of the present convention to the garrisons of those places, as also to the troops before them, in order to put a stop to all further hostilities...Art. XIII. Commissaries shall be named on both sides, to regulate and accele

rate

during the period of the occupa. tion of this country by the French army; and all those who have con. tinued in the exercise of their em. ployments, or have accepted situa tions under the French govern, ment, are placed under the protec

rate the execution of the arrange ments agreed upon.-Art. XIV. Should there arise doubts as to the meaning of any article, it will be explained favourably to the French army.-Art. XV. From the date of the ratification of the present convention, all arrears of contribution of the British commanders ; tions, requisitions, or claims what ever, of the French government, against subjects of Portugal, or any other individuals residing in this country, founded on the occupa tion of Portugal by the French troops in Dec. 1807, which may not have been paid up, are cancelled; and all sequestrations laid upon their property, moveable or immoveable, are removed, and the free disposal of the same is restored to the proper owners. - Art. XVI, All sub. jects of France, or of powers in friendship or alliance with France, damiciliated in Portugal, or accidentally in this country, shall be protected their property of every kind, inoreable and immoveable, shall be respected; and they shall be at liberty either to accompany the French army, or to remain in Portugal, In either case their properts is guaranteed to them, with the liberty of retaining or of disposing of i, and passing the produce of the sale thereof into France, or any other country where they may fix their residance, the space of one year being allowed them for that purpose. It is fully understood that shipping is excepted from this arrangement, only, however, in so far as regards leaving the port; and that none of the stipulations above-mentioned can be made the pretext of any commercial specula tion.-Art. XVII. No native of Portugal shall be rendered accountable for his political conduct

they shall sustain no injury in their persons or property, it not having been at their option to be obedient or not to the French government; they are also at liberty to avail themselves of the stipulations of the 16th article. Art. XVIII. The Spanish troops detained on. board ship in the port of Lisbon shall be given up to the comman. der-in-chief of the British army, who engages to obtain of the Spaniards to restore such French subjects, either military or civil, as may have been detained in Spain without being taken in battle, or in con. sequence of military operations, but on occasion of the occurrences of the 29th of last May, and the days immediately following.-Art. XIX. There shall be an immediate exchange established for all ranks of prisoners made in Portugal, since the commencement of the present hostilities.-Art. XX. Hostages of the rank of field-officers shall be mutually furnished on the part of the British army and navy, and on that of the French army, for the reciprocal guarantee of the present convention. The officers of the British army shall be restored on the completion of the articles which concern the army; and the officers of the navy on the disem. barkation of the French troops in their own country. The like is to take place on the part of the French army.-Art. XXI. It shall be allowed to the general-in-chief

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