A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
His introduction of ''reconcentration'' was a way of separating the guerrillas from the local peasantry by forcing the civilian population into camps, thus severing the lifeline between the two groups. Reconcentration led 2 A Military ...
... of the recently created Spanish Foreign Legion kept the Spanish city of Melilla from being overrun by the Riffians and its inhabitants put to the knife as had happened to soldiers and civilians alike in other Spanish outposts.
In early 1976, Spain withdrew the last of its military and civilian personnel, leaving Spanish Sahara to be divided between Morocco and Mauritania. The North African cities of Ceuta and Melilla, populated almost entirely by Spaniards, ...
The officer corps, moreover, was professionally divided, often lacking in technical expertise, and resented by civilians because of the privileged status officers had attained under the Bourbons.4 Correspondingly, Spanish tactics at the ...
Spanish civilians had little faith in the regular army's leadership when the war began, and as conditions rapidly turned revolutionary many made it clear that they opposed the existing military hierarchy altogether.
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The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors
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A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the ...
Wayne H. Bowen,José E. Alvarez
Xem trước bị giới hạn - 2007