A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the International War on Terror
This volume traces the course of Spanish military history, primarily during the 20th century. Chapter 1 provides the foundation for the role of the Spanish Army at home (the War of Independence [Napoleonic War], the Carlist Wars, and pronunciamientos), abroad (Morocco, 1859-60), and as an instrument for Liberal reforms in Spain. Chapter 2 covers the period following the Spanish-American War as the Army redirected its focus to the Spanish Protectorate in northern Morocco. This chapter covers the Rif Rebellion (1921-27), the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-30) and concludes with the end of the monarchy and the establishment of the 2nd Republic in 1931. Chapters 3 and 4 present the two armies of the Spanish Civil War, as well as their relationship to the warring factions of Nationalists and Republicans. Chapter 5 looks at the Spanish Army during World War II on the Eastern Front (Russia), in its overseas colonies, as well as in Spain. De-colonialism is covered in chapter 6 as Spain, following the lead of the other European powers, began to shed itself of its African empire. Chapter 8 charts Spain's integration into the Western defense community in the 1950s, its membership in NATO, and its participation in peacekeeping and humanitarian missions in the Balkans and the Middle East. Chapter 9 focuses on Spain's struggle against terrorism, both the domestic Basques of ETA (Fatherland and Liberty) and the newer conflict against al-Qaeda and radical Islamic fundamentalism.
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Moreover, the Army had to reinvent itself as the defender of the fatherland from internal enemies such as Catalan separatism and working-class political movements such as anarchism, socialism, and communism.
By early 1946, the guerrilla movement failed, and the Franco regime reasserted its authority over the mountain valleys of northern Spain. For most of the Spanish military, however, the war was one spent on the sidelines.
By the early 1970s, Spain also confronted the Polisario movement, a rebellion of native Saharawis who wanted independence, rather than union with Morocco. Unable to crush this insurgency, and fearing open war with Morocco, in late 1975, ...
The final chapter focuses on the roles of the Spanish military in struggles against terrorism, especially the Basque movement ETA (Euskadi Ta Aska- tasuna). From its beginnings in the 1950s, ETA emerged as a serious threat to internal ...
ETA's freedom of movement continued to decline throughout the 1990s and early twenty- first century, with increasingly effective law enforcement, collaboration from other European states, and divisions within the underground movement.
Nội dung mọi người đang nói đến - Viết bài đánh giá
The Spanish Army 18981931 Jose E Alvarez
Unarmed Neutrality Javier Ponce
Francos Nationalist Army George Esenwein
5 The Popular Army of the Spanish Republic 193639 Michael Alpert
6 The Spanish Military During World War II Wayne H Bowen
7 Decolonization and the Spanish Army 194076 Shannon E Fleming
From Isolation to Integration 19452006 Kenneth W Estes and Jose M Serrano
The Spanish Experience 19392006 Jose A Olmeda
About the Contributors
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A Military History of Modern Spain: From the Napoleonic Era to the ...
Wayne H. Bowen,José E. Alvarez
Xem trước bị giới hạn - 2007