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accomplished advancement agree amendment appear application Association basis believe bill BRYSON calling CERSTVIK Chairman committee concerning Congress consideration Constitution contribution Cooper Corp creative genius Cuno decided decisions define definition desirable determining device difficulty discoveries doctrine effect establish examiner existing fact feel flash of genius follows genius gentlemen give grant HACKLEY held improvement industry interest interpretation invalid inventor involved issue Judge judicial Justice language legislation machine manufacture matter mechanic mental process merely monopoly nature NEAVE objective obvious opinion particular Patent Law Patent Office patent system patentable invention person present prior problem Products proposed protection question reasonable recent record referred Representatives result rule seems sentence situation skill standard statement statute STEDMAN subcommittee success suggested Supreme Court thereof thing tion United validity WILLIS
Trang 33 - It is never the object of those laws to grant a monopoly for every trifling device, every shadow of a shade of an idea which would naturally and spontaneously occur to any skilled mechanic or operator in the ordinary progress of manufactures.
Trang 3 - Any person who has invented or discovered any new and useful art, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvements thereof, not known or used by others in this country, before his invention or discovery thereof, and not patented or described in any printed publication in this or any foreign country...
Trang 67 - ... unless more ingenuity and skill in applying the old method of fastening the shank and the knob were required in the application of it to the clay or porcelain knob than were possessed by an ordinary mechanic acquainted with the business, there was an absence of that degree of skill and ingenuity which constitute essential elements of every invention. In other words, the improvement is the work of the skilful mechanic, not that of the inventor.
Trang 52 - Office passion for granting patents is an equally strong passion in this Court for striking them down so that the only patent that is valid is one which this Court has not been able to get its hands on.
Trang 67 - Office to any person who has invented or discovered any new and useful art, machine, manufacture, or composition of matter...
Trang 45 - The most serious weakness in the present patent system is the lack of a uniform test or standard for determining whether the particular contribution of an inventor merits the award of the patent grant. The patent statute itself is quite specific.
Trang 34 - It creates a class of speculative schemers who make it their business to watch the advancing wave of improvement, and gather its foam in the form of patented monopolies, which enable them to lay a heavy tax upon the industry of the country, without contributing anything to the real advancement of the arts. It embarrasses the honest pursuit of business with fears and apprehensions of concealed liens and unknown liabilities to lawsuits and vexatious accountings for profits made in good faith.
Trang 32 - A long line of cases has held it to be an essential requirement for the validity of a patent that the subject-matter display "invention," "more ingenuity * * * than the work of a mechanic skilled in the art.