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method of applying the principle should contime to 11crease in popularity we are sure to have in Harlem and disewhere a full and Nowing tile of Negro business enterprises gladly and loyally supported by the mass of Negro purchasers to their mutual benefit.
The Negro business man who is unintelligently sellisli, makes a hash of racial welfare in the attempt to achieve individual success. A case in point is that of the brownie skinned dolls. Twenty years ago the Negro child's only choice was between a white Caucasian doll and the "nigger doll." On the lower levels the one was as cheap as the other. Then, a step at a time came the picturesque poupee, variously described as the “Negro (loll," the "colored doll" and the "brown-skinned doll." This was sold by white stores at an almost prohibitive price. It was made three times as casy for the Negro child to idolize a white doll as to idolize one with the features of its own race. When the principle of “Race First” began to be proclaimed from scores of platforms and pulpits, certain Negro business men saw a chance to benefit the race and, incidently to reap a wonderful harvest of profits, by appealing to a principle for whose support and maintenance, here and elsewhere, they had never paid a cent. "Factories" for the production of brown1-skinned dolls began to spring tip-most of the factoring consisting of receiving these dolls from white factories and either stufling them with saw dust, excelsior or other filling, or merely changing them from one wrapper to another. Bear in mind that the proclaimed object was to make it easier for the Negro mother to teach race patriotism to her Negro child. Yot it was soon notorious that these lecches were charging $.5, $4 and $5 for Neyrocells which coull sell at prices ranging from 75 cents 100 $ 1.25. and yet leave a handsome margin of profit.
The result is that today even in Negrullarlem sine out of ten Negro children are forced to play with white colls, because rapacious scoundrels have been capitalizing the principle of "patronize your own" in a one-sided way. By lowering their prices to a reasonable level, they could extend their business tremendously. lailing to do this, they are playing into the hands of the vendors of white dolls and making it much casier for the Negro mother to select it white doll for her child: limiting at once their own market and restricting the development of a larger racial ideal.
The Women of Our Race.
America owes much to the foreigner and thic Negro in America owes even more.
For it was the white forcigner who first proclaimed that the only music which America had produced that was worthy of the namic was Negro music. It naturally took some time for this truth to sink in, and, in the mcantime, the younger element of Negroes, in their weird worship of everything that was white, neglected and despised their own race-nuusic. More than one college class had walked out, highly insulted, when their white teachers had asked them to sing "Swing 1.ow Sweet Chariot" and "My Lord, What a Morning." It is to be hoped thnt they now know better.
But the real subject of this editorial is not Negro music, but Negro women. If any foreigner should come here from Europe, Asia or Africa and be privileged to pass in review the various kinds of women who live in our America fic would pick onit ns the superior of them all the Negro woman. It seems a great pity that it shoulet be left to the forcigner to "liscovers the Negro-Anerican woman. For her own mankind have been secing her for
venen centuries. And yet, outside of the vague rhetoric of the brethren in church and lodge when they want her to turn their functions into financial successes, and outside of Paul Dunbar and perhaps two other poets, 110 proper amount of esthetic appreciation of her has been forthcomiing from their side.
Consider the facts of the case. The white women of America are charming 10 look at in the upper social classes. But even the Negro laudress, cook or elevatorgirl far stirpasses her mistress in the matter of feminine charms. Noo white woman has il color as beautiful as the dark lirowns, light-brownis, peach-lorowns, or gold and lironze of the Negro girl. These are some of the things which make a walk through any Negro section of New York or Washington such a least of delight.
Then, there is the matter of form. The bodies and livbs of vir Negro women are, on the whole, better built and better shaped than those of any other wonien on earth
- Xcept perhaps, the Egyptian women's. And their gait and movement would require an artist to properly describe. The grace of their carriage is inimitable.
But their most striking characteristic is a feature which even the crude mind or mere man can appreciate. It is, to quote "Gunga Din." "the way in which they carry their clothes." They dress well--not merely in the sense that their clothing is costly and good to look nt; but ini. .thnt higher sense in which the l'arisian woman is the bestdressed woman in Europe. From shoes and stockings to shirt waists and lints, they choose their clothes with line taste and show them off to the best advantnge when they mit then em. That is wliy n man mny walk down the nventie wittua Negro cook or factory girl without anyone's being able to guions that she has to work for a living,
Aud, finally, in the matter of that indelinable some
thing which, for want of a better woril, we call simply "charma--the Negro women are far ahead of all others in America. They have more native grace, more winsomeness, greater bentity and more tire and passiem. These facts have already begun to attract ttention, here and elsewhere, and, eventually, the Negro woman will come into her own1.
What say you, brothers! Shall we not love her while she is among us? Shall we not bend the knee in worship and thank high heaven for the great good fortune which has given is such sisters and sweethearts, mothers and wives?
To the Young Men of My Race. The Negro is alrendy at work on the problems of reconstruction. Ile finds himself in the midst of it workel which is changing to its very foundations. Yet millions of Negroes haven't now..-mel have never had.- the sliglitest knowledge or idea of what those foundations are, Ilow can they render effective niel to the world without inderstanding something of how the world, or society, is arranged, how it runs, and how it is run ?.
No one, frienlly or unfrienilly, can deny that the Negrocs of America do wish to help in constructing this world of men and things which will emerge from the (irent War. They want to help, because they realize that their standing and welfare and happiness in that world will very largely depend upon what kind of world it is. They have not been happy. so far, in America-nor, so far as the white man's rule is concerned,-anywhere else under it. And they want to hc happy, if that be possible. For which reason they want to help in the re-shaping of the world-to-lve.
They feel the laurelc11s polit ove them loy the White Lorils of subjection and repression, of 39 cents worth of clucalion a year in Alabama, of the deep race hatred of the (liristian (hurch, the Y. M. C, A. and the Associated Press; of lynching in the land of "liberty,“ disfranchisement in "lemocratic". America and segregation on the Terleral trains and in the Federal departments. They feel that the world should be set free from this machinery of mischief-for their sakes as well as that of the world.
Such is the state of mind of the Negro masses here. And now what does this attitude of the Negro masses require? GUIDANCE! Guidance, shaping and direction. Here is strength, here is power, here is a task to call forth the sublimest heroism on the part of those who should lead them. And what do we find? No guidance, no shaping of the course for these millions. The blind may not safely lead the blind in these critical times--and blind men are practically all that we have as leaders.
The old men whose minds are always retrospecting and reminiscing to the past, who were "trained" to read a few viry and dead books which they still fondly believe are hard to get--these do not know anything of the modern world, its power of change and travel, and the mighty range of its ideas. Its labor problems and their relation to wars and alliances and diplomacy are not even suspected by these quaint fossils. They think that they are "leading" Negro thought, but they could serve us better if they were cradelled in cotton-wool, wrapped in faded roses, and laid aside in lavender as mementoes of a dead past.
The young men must gird up their loins for the task of leadership--and leadership has its stern and necessary duties. The first of these is TRAINING. Not in á night did the call come to Christ, not in a day was He madle fit to make the great sacrifice. It took thirty years