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Poland; and in default of male left in the hall, who did not go
10. During the minority of a
II. The education of the King's children is also entrusted to the Council.
12. A judicial Power fhall be fixed for each Palatinate, Territory, and Diftrict; the Judges fhall be elected at the Dietines.
When the conftitution was read, the tumult in the Diet was very great, fome for; and others against it. However, it was at laft carried, and the King was requested to swear to it, which he did in the hands of the Bishop of Cracow, and was followed by moft of the members. His majefty then faid aloud, "Those who are friends to their country, follow me, and confirm this oath folemnly at the altar."-All the Bishops, all the Senators, and moft of the members, followed the King, and took this important oath. An hundred cannon announced the swearing to the new conftitution to the public. About thirty members were
The Congrefs at Cziftove remain quite inactive. A conference had been opened there between the Grand Vifir and the Ruffian Ambassador, which broke off after a very short con. verfation.
An English veffel, named the Powis, has arived at Constantinople with fourteen Naval Officers, who immediately went on board that divifion of the Turkish fleet which failed for the Black Sea.
A great number of French officers and marines paffed through Frankfort on the 3d of May, on their way to Petersburgh, in confequence of an invitation from the Prince of Naffau to ferve in the fleet of gallies.
The King of Sweden has published an order, forbidding all military officers from ferving as volunteers in France; and his reafon is curious, on account of the troubles which now agitate that kingdom.
Coin of every denomination is fcarce in Ruffia Copper money is at 3 per cent. and filver from 25 to 36 per cent. discount.
Rome, April 26. The King and Queen of Naples, after viewing every thing that is curious in this capital, and being daily entertained in a sumptuous manner by one or other of the Roman Nobility, left
this city yesterday. Their | fand prefent on the occafion;
A decree paffed the National Affembly on the 23d of May, reducing the 86 Convents in French Flanders to 19.
So deplorable is the state of
liants, to Cardinal Brafchi. A-the French Finances, that the expenditure for the month of April exceeded the receipts, to the amount of 24 millions, 162 thoufand livres.
mong a number of prefents
On Sunday the 22d of May, the Proteftant Church in Paris, oppofite to the King's palace, was opened for the public performance of divine fervice, for the first time fince the revocation of the edict of Nantes. M. Marrou officiated as Minister; his text was "La nuit eft paffee, le jour est leve, &c. The night is far spent, the day is at hand; let us therefore caft_off the works of darkness, and put on the armour of light." Romans chap. xiii. ver. 12, 13. He dwelt long on the goodness of the Divinity, that, in his wifdom, fuffered man to be perfecuted to try his faith; he expatiated on the philanthropic decrees of the National Affembly; and earnestly exhorted his
There are fome regulations of the National Affembly fo unequivocally excellent, as to merit the imitation of all countries whatever. Among these may be numbered the privileges conferred on age; of two candidates, the eldeft is, in all doubtful cafes, to be preferred. Another regulation is, that the children of bankrupts, who have received any part of the fortune of their parents, with out paying their proportion of their debts, are debarred from exercising the rights of citizens.
The Society of the Friends of the Conftitution at Paris, have refolved to go into mourning for twenty-four hours, as a mark of refpect to the memory of " Dr Price, the friend of the human race, and of liberty."
Preparations for celebrating the 14th of July are already begun in the Champ de Mars at Paris, where 8000 workmen are employed by order of the Municipality.
The French expected to con
auditory to prove their grati-vert into coin the bells of the
The Abbe Rochon read a The Princess Royal Eaft-In-
memoir on Optics to the French Academy on the 4th of May, in which he afferts, that M. Carochez has made a telescope fuperior to that of M. Herfchel's.
M. Legun has demonstrated to the French Academy, that a man loses three pounds of moisture daily by tranfpiration, and that he confumes about 21 cubical feet of vital air in the fame time.
M. Delalande has attempted to prove, that the Niger runs from Eaft to Weft, and not in the contrary direction, as has been afferted by Danville, and all the geographers.
The Duke of York arrived in perfect health at Potfdam, on the 16th of May. His Royal Highness was graciously received by the King of Pruffia. He fent the Duke two fine chargers as a prefent, and the reviews took place the two following days.
Colonel Hartley had on the 10th of December laft, with his detachment, attacked a body of Tippoo's forces, confifting of 13,000 men, defeated them, killed a great number, and took 900 prifoners. Our lofs during this action was very inconfiderable: No officers killed. Among the wounded are Captains Lawman and Blachford, Lieut. Steuart, and Lieut. Fireworker Powel; none of them dangerously, except the latter, who it is feared will lofe his arm.
On the part of the enemy, befides the capture, the lofs is estimated at about 1000 killed and wounded.
Their commanding officer Huffein Ally Cawn was taken. General Washington, while Golawn Maracen (the fame making a tour of America, was who commanded at Palliacaton the 25th of March nearly cherry againft Colonel Humloft within a mile of the city of berstone) was killed in the ditch Annapolis. The veffel in which of the fort, endeavouring to he and his retinue were em- get in.-Ruftram Sair, another barked ftruck on the rock in great Sirdar, is wounded and the night, and continued in the taken. We have also taken upmoft perilous fituation for near-wards of 5000 pagodas in cafh, ly eight hours. 2 tumbrils, and I field-piece, and feveral guns in the fort, fome horfes, and a good number of excellent draught and carriage bullocks.
Great advantages are expected from the proximity of our new Colony on the N. W. fide of Botany-Bay to the Coaft of Coromandel; it being nearer from this part of South Wales to Madras than from the ille of Mauritius to Pondicherry.
The only man of confequence that escaped was Mutab Cawn, who retreated to Ferukabad, or New Callicut, a
place lately ftrengthened, and | Hartley having received orders confiderably improved by Tip-to join Major-General Aberpoo. Colonel Hartley inftant-crombie, he was preparing fo Îy pursued him thither; and on to do, and expected to enter the night previous to the arri- the Myfore country, and will val of the detachment, he again probably proceed against Bedfed, carrying with him, on ele-nore, as he will have 5000 Briphants, all the treasure of the tifh troops, befides auxiliaries; place. which will make the third Britifh army Tippoo will have to encounter, befides thofe of the Nizam and the Mahrattas; the firft of which has near 2000, and the latter 4000 British troops in their respective armies.
The remainder of the garrifon, confifting of 1500 men, laid down their arms, on the appearance of our troops, who then took poffeffion of the fort, guns, &c.
Colonel Frederick had joined the Mahrattas, and they were Ri-proceeding to the fouthward.
The Governor General was arrived at Madras.
General Meadows was ftill before Paliacatcherry.
Allum Shaw, the Great Mogul, who was difpoffeffed of his throne and fight by GooThe Princefs Royal has alfo laum Khader Khan, one of the brought letters from General Rohilla chiefs, in September Abercrombie, dated at Canna-1788, and who has fince been nore, 4th of January, ftating, in confinement at Delhi, died "that having learned that the in December 1790, 90 years Bibby (or Queen) of Canna-old. This Monarch afforded a nore had declared against the wonderful inftance of the mutaEnglish, he took the field ability of human affairs: When gainft her with 3000 British he afcended the throne of Deltroops, and 2000 auxiliaries; hi, his revenue amounted to had attacked a fortified camp, upwards of 60,000,000l. per which covered her country, ann. and at the time of his deforced it, and taken 5000 of ceafe, his allowance from MaTippoo's troops, and had after-dajee Scindia did not exceed wards taken Cannanore and 1500 rupees per month. other fortified places in the Bibby's country, with 68 pieces of cannon, 5000 ftand of arms, and a large quantity of ftores,
One of the most pleasing circumftances attending this capture is the relief of Cornet dout, who was taken by fome Moplas, on his paffage from Cochin to Tellicherry.
Baypore, a fea-port, was also taken, with a confiderable number of veffels and boats lying in the adjoining river.
The difpatches by the Princefs Royal also state, that Col.
Madajee Scindia, who is the moft powerful of the Mahratta chiefs, has long been the moft faithful and friendly of our Afiatic allies. By the expulfion of the ufurper Goolaum Khader Khan, he had greatly increaf
orders have been fent to the Commiffioners at all the ports, as we hope will defeat the diabolical scheme.
Sir William Hamilton is arrived in England from Naples, where he has refided near 30 years. He is come home on leave of abfence.
ed his influence at Delhi; and having the chief management of the empire during the life of Allum Shaw, he has made fuch arrangements as muft infure his acceffion to it: Added to this, he has conftantly maintained an army of 50,000 cavalry and 20,000 foot to fupport his pretenfions. Mantura, a town between Agra and Delhi, was his head quarters; and by this centrical fituation he kept both cities in awe of his power, while, by acts of kindness, he endeavoured to conciliate the affection of the people.
The Nabob of Oude has finished his new palace at Lucknow. It is four miles in circumference, but is built fo contrary to all order, that every apartment seems to belong to different perfons. The laft room that has been fitted up is the most magnificent thing that can be imagined-it is entirely of ivory and filver. The Nabob is particularly partial to hunting, and he is the only one of the Afiatic defpots that hunts in the true eaftern ftile of magnificence. His train in general confifts of 750 elephants, 5000 horfe, and 40,000 foot. Half a dozen tygers of
a morning are to him a break-claims, purfuant to a final de
fast, and a rhinoceros, with two or three panthers, a luncheon before dinner.
cifion of the Lords of the Privy Council. The whole came to a confiderable sum.
Lieut. Riou, of the Guardian It is faid that the British Mi- Frigate, arrived at London the niftry have received intelligence 12th of May. He has brought that a plot is formed for burn-home in the Sphynx the head ing the English dock yards, and of the Guardian, the only rethat fix foreigners are actually mains of that unfortunate fhip. arrived to execute the defign. He alfo brought, as a prefent In confequence of which fuch to the Queen, a great number
On the 18th ult. the Countess of Albany, daughter of the late Prince Charles Stuart, was prefented at Court, and was receiv ed by the King, Queen, Prince of Wales, Duke of Clarence, three Princeffes, and the Duke of Gloucefter, with affability and diftinétion. The Counteís was in deep mourning, and ac companied by a number of Ladies who were alfo in fables. On being introduced to his Majefty, as if to contraft the feverity of former times, he very gallantly faluted the Countefs. To imagine fuch an embrace would, a few years fince, have been regarded as little better than treafon.
On the 17th of May, after a litigation of eight years, the claimants on the goods feized by Lord Rodney and General Vaughan, at St Euftatius, in the year 1782, were paid the full amount of their feveral