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On Sunday morning, the 8th of May, at half after fix, his Royal Highness the Duke of York, accompanied by Colonel St. Leger, fet off from London for the Continent. At five o'clock in the evening he arrived at Dover, and at eight embarked on board the Royal Yacht, in which he had a pleafant paffage of four hours, acrofs the Channel.

attended the King of Sweden in the expedition made by his gallies againft thofe of the Emprefs, and is believed to be perfectly well acquainted with the navigation of the Ruffian coaft.

Heyne, the claffical tutor of their Royal Highneffes Prince Erneft and Prince Adolphus, at Gottingen, has pronounced an oration in the church of that Univerfity, celebrating their induftry and good behaviour, during their refidence there. This has been tranflated, and is now circulating through Germany.

Baron Armfeldt, one of the Aids du Camp to the King of Sweden, is supposed to have made a tender of his fervices, as a volunteer in our navy. He

The mail which arrived on the 9th at the General PostOffice, from New-York, has brought over remittances to the American merchants, to the amount of one hundred and fixty thousand pounds, be fides orders for great quantities of goods.

The rapid improvement of hemp in this kingdom, promifes foon to become a national object of confiderable magnitude. The Agricultural Society have at this time nearly 500 claimants for premiums for its growth.

His Royal Highness arrived at Deffein's hotel in Calais, efcorted by the chief citizens in their uniforms, and well mounted, while all the ftreets were lined with Militia and Regulars: the banners of Freedom and Liberty were difplayed from the churches, towers, teeples, and fhipping in the harbour.

Prince Erneft, having completed his general courfe of edu- The Portugueseare also rapidcation at Cottingen, is ftudy-ly improving in the culture of ing military tactics at Hanover, hemp and flax :-Many thouand will have the command of fand acres were covered last aua fquadron of horse this fum-tumn with fine crops of these mer in one of the Hanoverian vegetables: fhould they fuccamps. ceed in curing and dreffing them according to the manner practifed by the Dutch, Flemings, and Irish, they will be able to provide linens fufficient for their home consumption.

A College for the education of Roman Catholic Priefts is bu lding at Thurles,nearCorke. This will keep a deal of money in Ireland, which would other wife have been expended abroad: it is occafioned by the diffolution of so many religious houfes in France.

The number of Sunday Schools established and affifted

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throughout England and Wales, rally formed; but the head had
by the Society in London for the phenomenon of appearing
promoting fo laudable a pur-double, another head of the
pofe, is 1765; and the number fame fize, and almost equally
of scholars inftructed thereat perfect, being attached to its
amounts to 50,014.
upper part.

On the 5th inft. a deputation of Blacks waited upon William Wilberforce, Efq; with an addrefs of thanks in behalf of themselves and brethren, for his late efforts in their behalf.

In this extraneous and præternatural head, no pulfation could be felt in the arteries of the temples, but the fuperficial veins were very evident; one of the eyes had been hurt by A confiderable number of re- the fire, upon which the midfpectable gentlemen in Calcut-wife, in her firft alarm, threw the child; the other moved readily; but the iris was not affected by the approach of any thing to it.

ta, have formed a fociety to
promote carrying on the plan
for building a new Univerfity
at Edinburgh. The following
gentlemen were appointed a
The external ears of this
committee for collecting fub- head were very imperfect; the
fcriptions: Col. John Murray tongue adhered to the lower
Lieut. Col. A. Rofs-Thomas jaw, except for about half an
Graham, Efq;-And. Hunter, inch at the lip, which was loose;
Efq;-John Fleming, Efq;-the jaw was capable of motion,
W. Farquharfon, Efq;-Lieut. but there were no teeth.
Col. Peter Murray. Thefe The child was fhewn about
gentlemen having met on the the ftreets of Calcutta for a
9th of November, nominated curiofity, but was rendered un-
James Cofmo Gordon, Efq; as healthy by confinement, and
their Secretary, who obliging-died at laft of a bite of the cobra
de capello. It was dug up by
the Eaft-India Company's agent
for falt at Tumlock, and the
fkull is now in the museum of
John Hunter.

ly undertook the tafk. A very
handfome fubfcription was
made; at the head of the lift is
Lord Cornwallis's name for
3000 Sicca rupees, the Hon.
Col. Stewart, for 2000 Sicca
rupees, and a long lift of other
very refpectable names.-A Sic-
ca rupee is about 2s. 2d. in va-

The county of Kent is almoft as productive of Theatres, as it is of Hops. No lefs than eight new Play-houfes have been built in that county within thefe fix years, viz. three at Tunbridge Wells, two at Margate, one at Canterbury, one at Feversham, and one at Rochefter. Dover and Maidstone are likewife going to erect their Theatres.

Everhard Hume, Efq. F. R. S. has lately prefented to John Hunter, Efq; F. R. S. the double fkull of a child, born at Calcutta, in May 1783, of poor parents, aged thirty and thirtyfive, and which lived to be nearly two years old.-The

A woman, of the name of body of this child was natu-Catharine Lloyd, has been exe


cuted at Cardigan in Wales for I was never known,in the course horfe-ftealing. She was a very of thirty years practice, to inold offender. vite friend or acquaintance to On the 28th of March, at the his houfe, or to refufe an inBury aflizes, a Mr Morelandvitation from a cottager. was found guilty of bigamy, in An extraordinary character. marrying Mrs Hardcaftle, of On the 3d April died, in a Ipfwich, and Mifs Lambeth, pafs cart upon the Deptford road, near Richmond, in Yorkshire. as he was conveying to his paHe was fentenced to be burntrih, near Enfield Chace, James in the hand, which was done Heaton, aged 76. This perfon, before he left the court, and to commonly diftinguished by the be imprifoned twelve months in appellation of the Wild-one, and the Ipfwich jail; during which well known for many years as time his head is to be shaved, one of the most formidable he is to wear the habit of the poachers in the kingdom, was prifon, which is a very disagree- in his youth a running footable one, confifting of wooden man: His difmiffion for a mifclogs, &c. and is to be allowed demeanour from the family of only two hours each day from a nobleman first occafioned him clofe confinement. This man to exert his uncommon abiliwas not long fince acquitted on ties; and fuch was his agility a like charge at the Old Bailey. and the hardiness of his conftitution, that from that period to a fhort time preceding his death, he had never lain in a bed, but often flept by choice in the fields, in all weathers. Almoft his whole body was covered with hair of a confiderable length; and though he never wore his cloaths buttoned in the coldeft weather, he never experienced a day's illness in the course of his life.

Some time ago, a phyfician of high repute died in Ireland. From his great income, and parfimonious expenditures, it was highly fufpected by his relatives, that he must have somewhere in his house a very confiderable fum of money concealed. They fearched, but to no purpose, the money could not be difcovered. At length, they recollected an old waistcoat which he always wore, and even slept in, and in

Captain Crawford of the

ed up in bank-notes of thirty pounds each, to the amount of 27,000l. What was very extraordinary, he had made a will fome few days before he died, and left his fon what was in the will specified to be the whole of his poffeffions, 8ool. He

the back of it they found, few-Royal George cutter, has seized and brought into Port Glafgow the cutter Speedwell, Purdy mafter, from Oftend, with tobacco, tea, and fpirits, valued, with the veffel herself, at 3500l. which veffel belongs to the Troon fmugglers upon the coaft of Ayr.



[JUNE 15. 1791.]


the Ruffians have taken seventeen; befides which took

THE Ruffians continue pur-prisoners a Pacha of three tails,

fuing their advantages against and a hundred other officers. the Turks. After the taking The Turks had 4000 men kilof Mackfchin, Prince Gallitzin led or drowned, and twentymarched to the peninfula of two large and fmall veffels deKuchepany, oppofite Brailow, ftroyed. After this important where he found the flotilla un- victory, the Ruffians returned der General Ribas, who had to their poft with twenty-fix landed two battallions upon pieces of cannon, 9000 carthe peninsula, which induced touche boxes, 5 standards, and the Turks to quit the redoubts, 27 pair of colours. and throw great part of their cannon into the Danube: In their flight they fet fire to every thing, and paffed to an inland

In the beginning of May, the Grand Vizir, after reinforcing Brailow with 10,000 men, detached fome corps against the oppofite, where they entrench-Ruffians, which were diftributed in different parts, and obliged them to raise the blockade of Zackanali, with the loss of 700 men, and 36 officers killed, befides many prisoners, and 19

ed themfelves; however, the Ruffian troops purfued them, and having raised a battery in the night, began to fire upon them in the morning; and not

withstanding the Turkish forti-pieces of cannon. The Turks destroyed or took all the veffels laden with provifions which the Ruffians had aflembled at Zackanali.

fication was covered by the heavy artillery of Brailow and the Turkish fhips, yet the Ruffians took it by ftorm. All the Turkish veffels were either de- The plague continues to ftroyed or rendered ufelets; pread in the Morea; and all the garrifon were moftly either that kingdom, two or three cut to pieces or drowned in cities and a few villages exthe Danube; the Ruffians were cepted, is now infected with it. employed two days in deftroy-By the laft advices it appears, ing the entrenchments. Out that there have died of that of twenty pieces of cannon, 1diforder at Napoli of Romania


400, in Vostizza 150, and in Patraffo 50.

3. All the rights renewed and guaranteed to the citizens durWarfa, May 14. Yefter-ing the prefent Diet are allo day a moft important revolu- confirmed and ratified. tion took place here. At three o'clock in the morning, a numerous affembly of patriots was held in the royal prefence; and at the opening of the feffions of the Diet deftined to treat of the affairs of finance, his Majefty himself changed the bufinefs of the day, by saying that he had planned a conftitution, and requested the States to fign it. The conftitution was then read, and confifted of fome pages-The bafis was, That the Elector of Saxony be declared fucceffor to the crown; and in case of his death without male issue, that the Princess his daughter be declared Infanta of Poland, and whom the fhall marry (with confent of the republic) to be King, and their

8. The King shall exercise the executive power with his Council. This Council fhall iffue fucceffors to the crown-confift of a primate and five the Queen to be regent till minifters, who fhall each have the King is of age, which is to a department. None of the be at 18 years. King's refolutions can be put into execution until they are figned by the Ministers, whofe perfons and property fhall at each Diet be anfwerable for the resolutions they shall have figned. Whenever two-thirds of the Diet demand the change of the Ministers, the King muft accede thereto, and appoint. others in their places.

9. The election of a King can no longer fall on an individual. They shall elect one family when the Royal family is extinct. So that after the death of his prefent Majefty, the reigning Elector of Saxony thall fucceed to the throne of

Next to rendering the Crown of Poland hereditary in the family of the Elector of Saxony, the following are the principal points of the Conftitution settled by the Diet:

1. The Catholick religion fhall be the prevailing one in the State, and the King fhall make profeffion of it. All other religions will, however, be admitted, and a general toleration, both civil and religious, fhall conftitute part of the fundamental law of the Kingdom.

2. The ancient privileges and rights of the Nobility are approved and confirmed.

4. All foreigners who arrive and fettle in Poland shall enjoy full and entire liberty.

5. The peasants are taken under the protection of the Law and Government; they are freed from all arbitrary impofitions, and fhall for the future depend, in whatever concerns their rights and labour, on the contracts which they shall themselves have entered into with their Lords. All foreign hufbandmen are at liberty to enter Poland and quit it, if they have discharged all the obligations of the contract which they shall have entered into with the owner of the land.

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