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chemifts; every member of which committee fhall take an oath not to divulge any of the fecrets fubmitted to him as a judge in this cafe, farther than he fhall be permitted to do by the difcoverer, or the manufacturers on whose joint account he acts.
When this committee had made the neceffary experiments to ascertain the facts fubmitted to their cognizance, and had judged of the importance of each, in regard to their employers, and had afcertained the premium they thought proper to affign to each, they ought," before they came to any final determination, to fend a fealed note to each candidate, mentioning the precife fum they were willing to bestow on him for the difcovery. If, after this, the candidate made no objection, it should be underflood, that he acquiefced, and actually fold his difcovery to the affociation for the fum mentioned, making oath, at the fame time, that he had not communicated it to any other perfon, nor fhould: communicate it, without the permiffion of the affocia-~ tion. But if the discoverer was diffatisfied with the fum offered, it should be in his power to retain his fecret, to withdraw it from that affociation, and to dif pofe of it, to the best account he could, to any other.
Could a committee be found, who would act, in this cafe, with candour and liberality, the affociates would thus obtain a great number of important new procelles, every year, which they could retain among themselves for a certain time;-and which would, of course, enable them to fell their goods, at foreign markets, cheaper than others. These fecrets, no doubt, would in time take air: But the new ones, that this affociated body of artists would always be in poffeffion of, would give them a perpetual advantage over all their competitors.
This method, I think preferable to patents for the difcoverers, as it would be lefs expenfive, lefs troublesome, and the returns more immediate. would be greatly preferable to patents, in respect to the affociated manufacturers, as they would be freed from
a great many troublefome reftraints, that any patent article must engender. It would be greatly preferable as to the nation at large, becaufe every patent must be laid open to foreigners, who have nothing elfe to do than to get fome perfon in Britain to infpect the patent, on their account. Thus can foreigners be better benefited by any patent discovery in Britain, than the people of this nation itself.
If bleachers, callicoe printers, dyers, smelters of metals, glafs-makers, foap-makers, and all others who are employed in chemical arts, were to form feparate affociations for this purpose, and could they be brought to act with candour and liberality, it is impoffible to form an idea of the improvements that, might thus be made in a few years in the manufactures of this coun
In this sketch, I have confined myself to the chemical arts, because, in that line, most remains to be done ;and because chemical proceffes can be more easily kept fecret than any others. But there are, no doubt, other: departments that might be improved by the famet
Before an inftitution of this nature could be carried into effect, a great many particulars would require to be adjusted, that I have not here mentioned. My object, in this difquifition, is merely to fuggeft a hint that may be afterwards improved upon.
The above having been communicated to a friend before it was fent to the prefs, he infifted, that it would be proper to be a little more particular, were it only with regard to one branch, fo as the better to fhew the practicability of the fcheme. In a general affociation among many manufacturers, faid he, it does not feem to be easy to fix upon any standard by which the amount of the contributions of each individual member. or company could be nearly proportioned to the benefits that each individual might derive from the fecret
communicated to the whole. To obviate this difficulty, the following cafe may be confidered.
Let us confine ourselves, in the prefent inftance, to bleachers only. In that bufinefs, each affociated partner has only to give in a fair account of the number of yards he bleaches annually, (this, I believe, is done already, as to all cloth for fale), and let the contribution be made, at a certain rate, for every hundred yards manufactured. In this way, each perfon could contribute to the common fund, always in proportion to the actual extent of his business; and in proportion to the actual extent of his business, he must also be benefited by every improvement the affociation acquireth right to.-Nothing, therefore, feems to be more fair than this mode of procedure, as both the expence of the contribution, and the benefit refulting from it, would be exactly proportioned to the quantity of bufinefs carried on by each of the affociated members. This may serve as an example of what may be done in other cafes, which it is unneceffary farther to enlarge upon.
A detached Thought.
THE wifeft of those who live, is he who believes himfelf the nearest to death, and who regulates all his actions by that thought.
The moft fenfible, on the contrary, among those who make scientific researches, is he who believes himself the farthest from the goal, and who, whatever knowledge he may have acquired, whatever advances he may have made in his road, ftudies as if he yet knew nothing, and marches as if he were only yet beginning to make his firft advances.
To Sir John Sinclair of Ulbfter.
SINCLAIR! Thou phoenix of the frozen Thule !
The charming fong of Scotland's better day. 'Tis liberty, fweet liberty alone,
Can give a luftre to the northern fun. "Come when the virgin gives the beauteous days, "And Libra weighs in equal fcales the year :' Come, and to Thomson's gentle shade repair, And pour libations to his virtuous mufe, Where first he drew the flame of vital air; "Where first his feet did prefs the virgin fnow; --"And where he tun'd his charming Doric reed." Perhaps where Thomson fired the foul of fong, Some rays divine may flicker round his haunts, Some voice may whisper in Eolian strains To him, who wand'ring near his parent stream, Shall o'er the placid blue profound of air, Receive the genius of his paffing fhade. Come then, my Sinclair, leave empiric Pitt, And raging Burke, and all the hodge podge fry Of Tory whigs, and whigish Tory knaves, And bathe thy genius in thy country's fame. Let Burke write pamphlets, and let Pitt declaim; Let us feek honour in our countries weal.
The Cold, or Colin and Cynthia, a ballad.
WHEN furly winter frown'd on all,
All ravaged o'er, and kill'd with peircing cold;
Young Colin then was called away,
And fight for glittʼring baneful gold :
And wander'd pensive through the piercing cold.
He beauteous Cynthia long had woo'd,
Not e'en to her his tale he told,
And wander'd penfive onward through the cold.