H́nh ảnh trang

1754, vii. [157]-In 1765, viii. [236] -In 1766, 1x. [200]-In 1767, x. [216]-in 1768, xi. [261]-In 1769, xi. [218]-In 1770, xiii. [234]—In 1771, xiv. [222]—In 1772, XV. [209] -In 1773, xvi. [226]—In 1774, xvii. [250]-In 1776, xix. [250]-In 1777, xx. [266]-In 1778, xxi. [276]-In 1779, xxii. [325, 326]—In 1780, xxiii. [309]

Gibraltar, hoftilities against this place

by the Spaniards commenced in June 1779, and was foon after very clefely blockaded, and in part befieged by them, xxiii. [10. 201*]-fir George Rodney proceeds to the relief of this place in January 1780, and in his voyage thither takes a valuable Spanish convoy on January the 8th; falls in with the Spanish fquadron off Cape St. Vincent, January the 16th, under the command of Don Juan de Langara; takes the admiral with feveral men of war, and destroys others; he then relieves Gibraltar, fupplies Minorca, and proceeds on his deftined voyage to the West Indies, [201*. 204]-See alfo for ftorms, &c. NaTURAL HISTORY.

Glatz, its fortifications defcribed, iii.
[15] taken by the Auftrians, with
immenfe magazines of provifion and
military ftores, and the difficulties to
which the Pruffian army were expofed
in confequence of this lofs, [15]—Re-
ftored to his Pruffian majetty in the
fame ftate it was in at the time it was
taken, v. [248, 249]
Gluckstadt declared by his Danish ma-

jefty a free port in 1774, xvi. [138] Goa, the capital of the Portuguese fettlements in the East Indies, attacked, and taken by the Blacks, iv. [59, 60] -Proceedings against the governor, when brought to Portugal in 1767, X. [53] Gold and filver exported from England to India, from the year 1753 to 1758, and from 1758 to 1764, vii. [68] Gombroon destroyed by the French in

1760, iii. [140]

Goree furrendered with all its forts to the English in 1758, i. 75-with the defcription of the military operations and capture of it, number of prifoners and value of the ftores, by the honourable commodore Keppel, ii. .63, 64-An account of a dreadful fire in 1761, iv. [154]-Reftored to France at the general peace in the condition it was when conquered, v. [61. 238]

-Complaints made against the illegal proceedings of the French governor, in attempting to establish a fe tlement near the river Gambia; the difpprobation of his conduct by the French court, which, on receiving a nemorial from the earl of Hertford (en ambaffador from England) ordered his recal to give an account of his irregular behaviour, vii. [108]-The contract (in 1766) by the merchants trading to this place with the Havannah company for an annual fupply of flaves from the Coaft of Africa, ix. [55]

Golpel, the generous benefaction and
contributions to propagate the gospel
among the Indian tribes, xi. [147]
Gottenburgh, number and value of mer-
chant hips arrived at, in 1760, iv.
[59]-Exports in 1763, vii. [61].
Gottingen clofely befieged by the allies
in 1760, who, after they had fuffered
incredible fatigues and hardships, are
compelled to raife it, iii. [50]-Eva-
cuated by the French, who fuffer va-
ious difappointments in 1761, v. [27,
Graebenstein, (a town on the frontiers
of Heffe) the defeat of the French at
this place, and the fad confequences of
this defeat, which were not recovered
the whole campaign, v. [25, 26.]
Greece, a particular account of the con-

ftitution of antient, i. 460. Greenland, the ftate of the fishery in it for 1760, ii. [129]-Propofal for employing the feamen difcharged at the peace in the Greenland fishery, vi. [591-the ftate of it in the year 1763, [96]-In 1768, xi. [204] Grenades, the, taken by the English, v. [35]-guarantied to the English at the general peace, [58. 237, 238]-Encouragement to new fettlers in, vii. [57]-Infurrection of the negroes, x. [88]-Dreadful fire in 1772, xv. [85, 86, 109] Remarkable difpute relating to the taxation of, by his Britannic majefty, xvii. [164, 165]-Dreadful fire in 1775, xviii. [169. 190]-Surrenders to the French in July 1779, xxii. [201*, 202*] Guadaloupe, origin of its name, its extent, natural advantages and produce, and firft plantation of this colony by the French in 1632, ii. 12, 13-unfuccefsful attacks upon it by the English in 1691 and 1703, 13-military operations againít, and capture of it, by the English in 1759, 13. 15-the great

F 2

great difficulties fuftained by the En-
glith, and the gallant defence made by
the inhabitants, particularly madame
Ducharmey, on this occafion, 15—the
first import of the produce of this
country into England tince its con-
quelt, 108-The riot which gave rife to
the report of a confpiracy in 1760, iii.
[88, 89]-Reftored to France at the
general peace in 1763, V. [58. 237]
-The order of the French court, for-
bidding any English fhips entering into
the ports of this ifland, x. [165]
Guernsey, parliamentary grants to, in
1758, i. 127-In 1759, ii. 171-In
1760, iii. [182]-In 1762, V. [152]
-In 1763, vi. [177, 178]-In 1764,
vii. [157]-In 1765, viii. [236]—In
1766, ix. [200]-In 1769, xii. [99]
-In 1770, xiii. [234]-In 1771, xiv.
[222]—In 1772, xv, [209]—In 1777,
xx. [265]-In 1778, xxi. [275]-In
1779, xxii. [325]—In 1780, xxiii.
[308]-See alio for ftorms, &c. in this
illand under NATURAL HISTORY.


ALBERSTADT, ftate of the war in,
iii. [45]
Hamburgh, a general afylum to the dif-
treffed and oppreffed Germans in the
German war, iv. [29. 186, 187]-
Loan extorted from it by his Danish
majefty, v. [15]-Chamber of infu-
rance for fhips inftituted in 1765, viii.
[68]-Sum raifed for the fufferers by
the inundation in Germany in 1771,
xiv. [139]-Obfolete and antiquated
claims made on, in 1773, xvi. [8]—
Grievous tax imposed by the king of
Pruffia, [154, 1551-An edict for-
bidding the merchants to fupply the
piratical ftates of Barbary with cannon
and other warlike ftores, xviii. [83]-
Great encouragement given to the bufi-
nefs of recruiting, xix. [124]-For
bills of mortality in this city, ice NA-

Hanau plundered by the French, iii. [80]
-Bill of mortality in this city for
1764, viii. [160]
Hanover defolated by the duke de Riche-
lieu and his army, which were guilty
of great rapacioufnefs aad oppreffion,
till it was evacuated by the French on
the approach of prince Ferdinand, i.
26, 27. 33. 35-Reflections on the
ftrange reverie of fortune experienced
by the French and Hanoverians fince
the famous capitulation at Clofter

Seven, iii. [1, 2]-The restoration of
all the countries belonging to this elec-
torate that were poffeffed by the French
in the German war, v. [54. 238]—
The great damages done by the inun-
dations in 1771, xiv. [130]-The na-
ture of fome difputes and jealoufies
which took place between the court of
Vienna and this regency in 1774, xvii.
[24, 25]
Hanoverians, their arrival in England
at the time of the threatened inva-
fion by the French in 1756, i. 5.-
marched as auxiliaries to the king of
Pruffia in 1757, 15-their defeat at
Haltenbeck, and the melancholy effects
it produced to their native country, 19,
26, 27-refume their arms under the
command of prince Ferdinand, 27. 33.
35-For their military operations in
Germany, fee the ALLIED ARMY.
Harbourg, the manner and event of the
fiege of its caftle by prince Ferdinand,

i. 27.

Harvard College in New England de-

ftroyed by fire in 1764, vii. 116.
Havannah, the powerful armament and
expedition undertaken by the English
against this place, under the command
of the earl of Albemarle, admiral Po-
cocke, and fir James Douglas, failed
from Portfmouth the 5th of March,
1762; they purfue their paffage through
the Old Streights of Bahama, v. [36,
37-a defcription of the town and
harbour of the Havannah, the fiege of
Fort More, which is cannonaded by
captain Hervey, the dittress of the
English forces, which are relieved by
fuccours from North America, the
ftorming of Fort Moro, operations
against the town, the furrender of the
town, and the very great advantages
of this acquifition, which contributed
not a little to the haftening of a peace,
[37. 44]-ceded to the Spaniards at
the general peace in 1763, [58. 239,
240]-A litt of the prize goods taken
at the capture of this place, with the
plunder, &c. vi. [78]-The fecond
divifion of the prize money, and the
proportions in which it was divided
among the perfons concerned in the
conqueft, vii. [64] - the applica-
tion from the English merchants to
the e-of A-for the repayment
of the duties impofed on them by his
authority at this place, while in pof-
feffion of the British nation; with
his lordship's answer on that subject,
[104]-Proceedings in Spain against
feveral of the officers employed in



the defence of this place at the time
it was conquered by the English, viii.
[85]-An account of the fourth pay-
ment of prize-money, in April 1766,
ix. [83]-An account of the actual
expenditure of three millions of dol-
lars in augmenting the fortifications,
which were extended inland feveral
miles, x, [113]-the infults cifered
to the British flag by the Spanish go-
vernor of this ifland in 1767, [123,

Havre de Grace fuccessfully bombarded
by admiral Rodney, ii. 22.-The num-
ber of boats faid to be deftroyed in
1759 and 1760, 103, and iii. [122,
Herculaneum, four volumes of the anti-
quities of, prefented from the king of
Spain to the university of Edinburgh,
viii. [59]

Hermione, value and importance of the
capture of the, v. [44]-vi. [163,

Helfe, itate of the war in, i. 55-ii. 20
-iii. [21, 22, 35. 50]-ív. [7. 12.
28. 30]-v. [48. 50]-evacuated and
rettored, with all fortreffes and artil-
lery, by the French, v. [238]-Coffee
prohibited, ix. [80]-Wife regulations
in favour of the military, xix. [180,
18r] Bills of mortality for, fee
Hilverfum, near Utrecht, a dreadful fire
in 1776, ix. [113]

Hoff, defeat of the Auftrians and Im-

perialists at this place in 1759, ii. 10.
Hohkirchen, the famous battle fought at
this place, the wonderful conduct of
his Pruffian majefty in it, and the con-
fequences of it defcribed, i. 56. 59.
Holland, nature of the neutrality obferv-
ed, and the general state of the nation
at the beginning of 1759, ii. 5—Pro-
ceedings of the states-general and the
ftates of Holland on the death of her
royal highness Anne, princefs royal of
England, and princefs dowager of
Orange and Naffau, in 1759, 59, 60
-regulations made in this year relat-
ing to their marine, 63-fends three
minifters to England on special affairs,
with an account of their fecret in-
• ftructions, 75. 86—avowed partiality
to the French in 1759, 128, 129-and
in 1761, IV. [161]-The number of
fhips loft by ftorms from Michaelmas
1760 to January 1ft, 1761, iv. [59]—
-The manner of fettling the remark-
able French feizure of Dutch property
in an English packet in 1760, [67,
68] an account of the capture of the


French frigate called the Felicité, Ja-
nuary 30th, 1761, and the umbrage
given thereby to the ftates-general,
[68. 268] the ftate of the trade
during the German war, from 1756
to the beginning of the year 1761,
[72]-feizure of their property by
the French, the memorial demand-
ing reftitution, and the answer given
by the court of Verfailles, [117]—an
account of an infurrection at their
colony of Ceylon in the Eaft Indies,
where the natives, enraged by the
cruelty of the Dutch, deftroyed mcft
of the colonists and their plantations,
[175]-Some furprizing bankrupties
which happened in this country at
the conclusion of the peace, and the
probable caufe which produced them,
vi. [102, 103]-The gracious recep-
tion given to their royal and most
ference highneffes the hereditary
prince and princefs of Brunfwick, on
their return to Germany through
this country, after their marriage in
January 1764, vii. [52, 53] - the
fad ftate of the principal fettlement
belonging to this country in the Eaft
Indies in the year 1763, [83]-The
able management of the fettlements
in the Eaft Indies in 1764 and 1765,
and the great rife of the dividend
made by the company; with an in-
quiry into the nature of the govern-
ment of thefe colonies, viii. [15, 16]
-The great additional ftrength which
the proteftant fyftem received from the
prince of Orange being arrived of age
on the 8th of March, 1766, and the
great and voluntary rejoicings made
upon that occafion, ix. [6]-the ce-
remony obferved at the inftallation of
the prince ftadtholder in the affembly
of the itates-general, and the prefent
which the ftates-general made to him
upon that occafion, [73]—the divi-
dend made by their Eat India com-
pany in 1766, and the deputation
which they fent to the prince of Orange,
with the patent of general governor
of their company, [81.83]-The great
connection formed between the king
of Pruffia and this republic, by the
marriage which took place between
the prince ftadtholder with the princefs
royal of Pruffia, x. [4. 113]-fome
account of the grand entertainments
given in Pruflia on account of the
marriage of his fereae highness the
prince of Orange with her royal
highnefs the princefs Frederica Sophia
Wilhelmina, princess royal of Pruffia,


October the 4th, 1767, [136]-the
rejoicings, &c. at the Hague upon this
occafion, [138, 139. 146, 147]—The
ftate of the whale fishery in 1768, xi.
[204]-The happy itate of affairs here
in 1769, the augmentation made in the
troops, and the difpofitions towards
putting their marine upon a respect-
able footing, xii. [10]-the number
of negro flaves bartered for by Hol-
land in 1768, and the computed va-
lue of each flave, [114]-the placart
which was iffued in 1769, for encou-
raging the importation of foreign
cattle, to fupply the lofs of thofe that
were canied off in the provinces by
the fatal ditemper in this year, [158,
159]-the ftate of this diftemper in
September this year, [167]-The mif-
understanding which happened in 1770
between the itates of Holland and the
elector palatine, relative to the naviga-
tion of the Rhine, and the payment of
certain duties claimed by the ftates of
Holland, which was amicably adjusted
by the friendly mediation of the courts
of Vienna, Berlin, and the elector of
Triers, on July the 19th, 1770, when
the Rhine was again opened, xiii. [46]
-an account of the placart iẞlued May
29th, 1770, by order of the itates-ge-
neral, prohibiting for fix weeks all
commerce by land and water with the
elector palatine, [111] - the cere-
mony obferved in December 1770,
at the chriftening of the daughter of
their fercne and royal highneffes the
prince and princefs of Orange, [175,
176]--Alteration made in the punish-
nient of deferters in 1771, xiv. [92]
-the tragic event which happened at
the Hague May the 27th, 1771, [111]
-The molt alarming infurrection of
the negroes in 1772, at their colony of
Surinam, which for feveral months in-
volved the inhabitants in the greatest
terror and dutrefs, and endangered the
poffeffion of their valuable and exten-
fire fettlements in that part of the
world; and the meafures taken by this
country to quell the infurrection, xv.
[9]-particulars relating to the very
great ditreis in this country in 1772,
for want of bread-corn, and the enor-
mous price given for the fmall quan-
tity that was imported, [70]—the pe-
nal law which paffed in 1772, prohi-
biting the extravagant entertainments
given at the interment of the dead,
[128]-the number of fhips which
entered the Texel in the courfe of the

year 1772, fpccifying the countries
from whence they came, [155]-The
nature of the obfolete claim on the
ftates made by his Pruffian majesty in
1773, xvi. [8]-The alarming nature
and extenfive influence of the com-
mercial failures in this country, the
caufe which produced thefe failures,
and the means by which their fatal con-
fequences were prevented, confidered
in a general view, [9, 10]-the esta-
blishment of peace, friendship, and good
harmony which took place in 1773,
with the emperor of Morocco, on the
fame footing as by the preceding treaty
with this ftate, [86]-the augmenta-
tion of the land forces of 12,000 men,
which was agreed upon April 13th,
1773, [91]-wife regulations to pre-
ferve the fafety of the navigation on
the banks of the Meufe, [118, 119]
-the humane and benevolent prefent
tranfmitted to his Polifh majesty in
1773, [127]-the conclufion of a con-
vention, July 28th, 1773, with the
court of Versailles, for reciprocally
exempting the fubjects of both king-
doms from the droit d'aubaine, [137]
-The rupture with the emperor of
Morocco, who declares war against the
ftates in 1774, xvii. [42]the cere-
mony obferved at the chriftening of
the fon of the prince of Orange,
March the 8th, 1774, [101]-the
commencement of hoftilities with the
emperor of Morocco, on the first of
December 1774, [172]-the misun-
derstanding which broke out between
the ftates and the Flemish govern-
ment in Austrian Flanders, [174]—
Hoftile preparations and declaration
of war against the emperor of Mo-
rocco in 1775, xviii. [86-the ex-
portation of arms, ammunition, gun-
powder, &c. in Dutch or foreign
fhips prohibited by the states in 1775,
[104] the exportation of ammuni-
tion to any of the British colonies
prohibited for one year, which took
place in September 1775, [156]-
The methods taken by this country,
and other commercial ftates in Eu-
rope, in 1776, to share in the advan-
tages of the American trade with the
British colonies, after they had fepa-
rated themselves from the mother-
country, by the declaration of inde-
pendency, which took place July the
4th in the fame year, xix. [181*.
183]-the charter of their Eaft In-
dia company was renewed in 1766


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upon the most liberal terms to the prictors, [192*. 136]- The confequences which were produced by the ftoppage of their fhips laden with timber and naval ftores for the French fervice in 1780, xxiii. [204, 205*] -the nature and substance of the proclamation iffued April the 17th, 1780, against the states-general by the court of London, [206*, 207*]—For bills of mortality in this country, fee NATURAL HISTORY.

Holftein; the cause and probable confequence of the ceffion of this duchy to Denmark in 1773, and the equivalent granted to Ruffia, fairly and impartially confidered, xvi. [4, 5] Hombourg; the repulfe which the French

met with at this place, from the valour of the marquis of Granby, and the confequences which obliged them to evacuate the adjacent country, and all the fouth part of Hefle, v. [26] Honduras, the bay of; the right of cutting logwood in it, allowed to the English by the Spaniards, at the general peace in 1763, on condition that his Britannic majefty demolished all the fortifications which his fubjects fhall have erected in this bay, and other places of the territory of Spain in that part of the world, within four months after the ratification of the treaty, v. [60, 61. 239]-An account of fome impediments given to the English logwood cutters at Jucatan, the reprefentation on this abufe of and infringement upon the XVIIth article of the treaty of peace, and the dif avowal of the Spanish governor's conduct on this occafion by the court of Madrid, vii. [82, 83]-A narrative (by admiral fir William Burnaby) of the removal and death of the Spanish governor of Jucatan, who molested the English; the conduct of his fucceffor, and the letter (tranflated) which he fent to fir William Burnaby; and the confirmation of all the rights vested in the English by the treaty of peace, viii. [99. 101]-Complaints made in 1765 against the irregular proceedings of the French fhips employed in the logwood trade, ix. [56]-The dreadful calamity fuftained by the great famine in this country, overfpread with locufts in fuch a manner, that they eat up every green thing, and in fome parts of the country lay on the ground a foot thick, in 1771, xiv. [163]The fucceísful expedition which was

made by the English under the conduct of captain Luttrell, who took the fortrefs of Omoa, and the Spanish regifter fhips which had taken shelter in that fort in October 1780; the number of Spanish prifoners which were taken, and the quintals of quickfilver they found in the fort; and the nature of the convention which was concluded between the British commanders on the one fide, and the Spanish governor and officers on the other, xxiii. [211*. 214*]-3 very memorable anecdote of a British feaman engazed in taking this fort, [214*, 215*]

For a dreadful famine in 1771, fee NATURAL HISTORY. Hoya; the much celebrated action at, and the great figacity, refolution, and prefence of mind in the hereditary prince of Brunswick on that occafion,

1. 34, 35.

Hoyers Werda; the important defeat of
general Vehla at this place, by prince
Henry of Pruffia, ii. 45, 46.
Hubertburgh; conferences opened, and
treaty of peace concluded, between
his Pruffiah majelly and the emprefs
queen, v. [63]
Hungary; the e aim of her imperial ma-
jelty to the duchy of Silefia, which the
had loft in 1740, was the ground of a
quarrel with the king of Pruffia, and
the origin of the war which was de-
clared in 1756, and produced the re-
maikable treaty of Verfailles, a very
memorable æra in the political history
of Europe, i. 2. 6. 8-a bull granted
by the pope for railing ten per cent.
upon the revenues of all ecclefiaftics
within the dominions of the empreis
queen of, 81-Rejects the pacific pro-
potals for an accommodation made by
Great Britain and Pruffia at the end
of the campaign for 1759, and the
reafons affigned for it, ii. [3. 5]—
The nature and fubftance of the peace
between her imperial majefty and the
king of Pruffia at Hubertfburgh in
1762, V. [63. 247. 249]-The lofs
fuftained by the late war, is eftimated
at fifty millions of florins in money,
befides the lots of half a million of
men, vi. [97]-the zealous endea-
vours of the empress queen to repair
thefe loffes, to reward the merit of her
brave military officers, and to punish
fuch misbehaviour in then: as was at-
tended with any confiderable influence
on her affairs, [97, 98]-The wife
encouragement given to matrimony in


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