Elements of Mental Philosophy: Abridged and Designed as a Text-book for Academies and High Schools

B́a trước
Harper, 1843 - 480 trang
0 Bài đánh giá
Google không xác minh bài đánh giá nhưng có kiểm tra để t́m nội dung giả và xoá nội dung đó khi t́m thấy
 

Nội dung mọi người đang nói đến - Viết bài đánh giá

Chúng tôi không t́m thấy bài đánh giá nào ở các vị trí thông thường.

Các trang được chọn

Nội dung

Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight
50
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of habit in relation to the hearing
62
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase
68
Of conceptions of objects of sight
74
Conceptions which are joined with perceptions
81
CHAPTER IX
83
Simple mental states not susceptible of definition
84
Simple mental states representative of a reality
85
Origin of complex notions and their relation to simple
86
Supposed complexness without the antecedence of simple feelings
87
73
88
Illustrations of analysis as applied to the mind
89
Complex notions of external origin
90
Of objects contemplated as wholes
91
CHAPTER X
92
Instances of particular abstract ideas
93
Mental process in separating and abstracting them
94
General abstract notions the same with genera and species
95
81
96
Early classifications sometimes incorrect 83 Illustrations of our earliest classifications
97
OF ATTENTION 88 Of the general nature of attention
101
Of different degrees of attention
102
Dependence of memory on attention
103
Of exercising attention in reading
104
Alleged inability to command the attention
105
Instances of notions which have an internal origin
106
CHAPTER XII
107
Dreams are often caused by our sensations
108
Explanation of the incoherency of dreams 1st cause 97 Second cause of the incoherency of dreams
110
Apparent reality of dreams 1st cause
111
Apparent reality of dreams 2d cause
112
Of our estimate of time in dreaming
113
Explanation of the preceding statements
114
PART II
117
CHAPTER I
119
104
120
105
121
107
122
108
123
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal identity
124
110
126
111
127
113
128
114
129
The idea of space not of external origin
130
The idea of space has its origin in suggestion
131
Of the origin of the idea of power 118 Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
132
Of the ideas of right and wrong
133
Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit
134
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion 122 Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas
135
CHAPTER III
136
Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness
137
Consciousnes a ground or law of belief 126 Instances of knowledge developed in consciousness
138
CHAPTER IV
140
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
141
Of the use of correlative terms
142
11 Relations of degree and names expressive of them
143
11 Of relations of proportion
144
IV Of relations of place or position
145
v Of relations of time
146
v1 Of ideas of possession
147
VII Of relations of cause and effect
148
Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect
149
Connexion of relative suggestion with reasoning
150
Reasons for considering this subject here 140 Meaning of association and illustrations
151
Of the general laws of association
152
Resemblance the first general law of association
153
Of resemblance in the effects produced
154
Contrast the second general or primary
155
Contiguity the third general or primary
157
Cause and effect the fourth primary
158
ASSOCIATION II SECONDARY LAWS Section Page 147 Secondary laws and their connexion with the primary
159
Of the influence of lapse of time
160
Secondary law of repetition or habit
161
Of the secondary law of coexistent emotion
162
151
163
The foregoing as applicable to the sensibilities
164
CHAPTER VII
166
Of memory as a ground or law of belief
167
Of differences in the strength of memory
168
Of circumstantial memory or that species of memory which is based on the relations of contiguity in time and place
169
Illustrations of specific or circumstantial memory
170
Of philosophic memory or that species of memory which is based on other relations than those of contiguity
171
Illustrations of philosophic memory
172
Of that species of memory called intentional recollection
173
Nature of intentional recollection
174
Marks of a good memory
175
Directions or rules for the improvement of the memory
177
Further directions for the improvement of the memory
179
Of observance of the truth in connexion with memory
180
CHAPTER VIII
181
Mental action quickened by influence on the physical system
183
Other instances of quickened mental action and of a restoration of thoughts
184
Approval and illustrations of these views from Coleridge
185
Application of the principles of this chapter to education
187
Connexion of this doctrine with the final judgment and a future life
189
CHAPTER IX
190
Definition of reasoning and of propositions
191
Process of the mind in all cases of reasoning
192
Illustration of the preceding statement
193
Grounds of the selection of propositions
194
Reasoning implies the existence of antecedent or assumed propo sitions
195
Further considerations on this subject
196
Of differences in the power of reasoning
197
Of habits of reasoning
198
Of reasoning in connexion with language or expression
199
Illustration of the foregoing section
200
Section Page 185 Of the subjects of demonstrative reasoning
201
Use of definitions and axioms in demonstrative reasoning
202
The opposites of demonstrative reasonings absurd
203
Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief
204
Of the use of diagrams in demonstrations
205
CHAPTER XI
206
Of the nature of moral certainty
207
Of reasoning from analogy
208
Of reasoning by induction
209
Of combined or accumulated arguments 210
210
CHAPTER XII
211
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
212
Consider the kind of evidence applicable to the subject
213
Fallacia equivocationis or the use of equivocal terms and phrases
215
Of the sophism of estimating actions and character from the cir
216
Of adherence to our opinions
217
Effects on the mind of debating for victory instead of truth
218
CHAPTER XIII
219
The imagination closely related to the reasoning power
220
Definition of the power of imagination
221
Process of the mind in the creations of the imagination
222
Further remarks on the same subject
223
Grounds of the preference of one conception to another
224
Illustration of the subject from Milton
225
Illustration of the statements of the preceding section
227
On the utility of the faculty of the imagination
228
Importance of the imagination in connexion with reasoning
229
CHAPTER XIV
231
Fifth cause of apparitions Hysteria
243
CHAPTER XV
244
Of disordered or alienated sensations
245
Of disordered or alienated external perception
246
Disordered state or insanity of original suggestion
247
Unsoundness or insanity of consciousness
248
Insanity of the judgment or relative suggestion
249
Disordered or alienated association Lightheadedness
250
Illustrations of this mental disorder
251
Of the power of reasoning in the partially insane
253
Instance of the above form of insanity of reasoning
254
Partial mental alienation by means of the imagination
255
Insanity or alienation of the power of belief
256
DIVISION II
259
INTRODUCTION CLASSIFICATION OF THE SENSIBILITIES 240 Reference to the general division of the whole mind
261
Division of the sensibilities into natural or pathematic and moral
262
The moral and natural sensibilities have different objects
263
The moral sensibilities higher in rank than the natural
264
Classification of the natural sensibilities 265
265
Classification of the moral sensibilities
266
PART I
267
CHAPTER I
269
The place of emotions considered in reference to other mental acts
270
The character of emotions changes so as to comform to that of perceptions
271
Emotions characterized by rapidity and variety
272
EMOTIONS OF BEAUTY Section 252 Characteristics of emotions of beauty
273
Of what is meant by beautiful objects Pago 273
274
Of the distinction between beautiful and other objects
275
Grounds or occasions of emotions of beauty various
276
All objects not equally fitted to cause these emotions 276
277
A susceptibility of emotions of beauty an ultimate principle of our mental constitution
278
ib 281 258 Remarks on the beauty of forms The circle
279
Original or intrinsic beauty The circle 260 Of the beauty of straight and angular forms
280
Of square pyramidal and triangular forms
281
Of the original or intrinsic beauty of colours
283
Further illustrations of the original beauty of colours
284
Of sounds considered as a source of beauty
286
Illustrations of the original beauty of sounds
287
Further instances of the original beauty of sounds 283 284 286 287 290 267 The permanency of musical power dependent on its being intrinsic
290
Of motion as an element of beauty
291
Explanation of the beauty of motion from Kaimes 291
292
CHAPTER IV
300
The occasions of the emotions of sublimity various
301
Great extent or expansion an occasion of sublimity 279 Great height an element or occasion of sublimity
302
Of depth in connexion with the sublime
303
Of colours in connexion with the sublime
304
Of motion in connexion with the sublime
305
Indications of power accompanied by emotions of the sublime 285 Of the original or primary sublimity of objects 286 Considerations in proof of the...
308
EMOTIONS OF THE LUDICROUS 288 General nature of emotions of the ludicrous
309
Occasions of emotions of the ludicrous
310
Of what is understood by wit 291 Of wit as it consists in burlesque or in debasing objects
311
293
313
295
314
297
316
300
317
302
321
303
322
304
323
306
324
309
326
310
327
ib 312
328
313
330
314
331
Of the natural desire of esteem
344
Of the desire of esteem as a rule of conduct
345
Of the desire of possession
346
Of the moral character of the possessory principle
347
Of perversions of the possessory desire
348
Of the desire of power
349
Of the moral character of the desire of power
350
Propensity of selflove or the desire of happiness
351
Of selfishness as distinguished from selflove
352
Reference to the opinions of philosophical writers
353
The principle of sociality original in the human mind
354
Evidence of the existence of this principle of sociality
355
340
356
Relation of the social principle to civil society
357
CHAPTER V
358
Of the complex nature of the affections
359
Of resentment or anger 345 Illustrations of instinctive resentment 346 Uses and moral character of instinctive resentment 347 Of voluntary in distinct...
360
346
361
347
362
348
363
349
365
350
366
351
367
352
368
354
369
356
371
Of the affection of friendship
372
Of the affection of pity or sympathy
373
Of the moral character of pity 375 Of the affection of gratitude
374
359
375
360
376
361
377
365
379
On the utility of the domestic affections
380
Of the moral character of the domestic affections and of the be nevolent affections generally
381
Of the moral character of the voluntary exercises of the benevo lent affections
382
Of the connexion between benevolence and rectitude
383
Of humanity or the love of the human race
384
Further proofs in support of the doctrine of an innate humanity or love for the human race
386
Section
395
Further illustrations of the results of the absence of this principle
401
Feelings of obligation simple and not susceptible of definition
403
383
404
386
408
Feelings of obligation differ from desires
409
387
413
388
414
Of diversities and obliquities of moral judgment in connexion
415
391
416
392
418
394
420
Of the time when moral instruction ought to commence
421
Further proof from language and literature
426
CHAPTER IV
433
Influence of early associations on moral judgments
440
418
441
Of the importance in a moral point of view of adopting correct
446
424
447
Disordered action of the principle of selfpreservation
454
Disordered and alienated action of the possessory principle
455
Disordered action of imitativeness or the principle of imitation
456
Disordered action of the principle of sociality
457
Further remarks on the disordered action of the social propensity
458
Of the disordered action of the desire of esteem
459
Disordered action of the desire of power 459
460
CHAPTER III
461
Familiar instances of sympathetic imitation
462
Instances of sympathetic imitation at the poorhouse of Harlem
463
Other instances of this species of imitation
464
CHAPTER IV
465
307
468

Ấn bản in khác - Xem tất cả

Thuật ngữ và cụm từ thông dụng

Đoạn trích phổ biến

Trang 103 - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
Trang 165 - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Trang 240 - Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee : I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? or art thou but A dagger of the mind; a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?
Trang 231 - The sooty films that play upon the bars Pendulous, and foreboding in the view Of superstition prophesying still Though still deceived, some stranger's near approach.
Trang 310 - The sun had long since in the lap Of Thetis taken out his nap, And like a lobster boiled, the morn From black to red began to turn," The imagination modifies images, and gives unity to variety ; it sees all things in one, il piti nelV uno.
Trang 120 - ... as we do from bodies affecting our senses. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.
Trang 412 - God, but the doers of the law shall be justified : for when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves : which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another ;) in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Trang 388 - Lands intersected by a narrow frith Abhor each other. Mountains interposed Make enemies of nations, who had else Like kindred drops been mingled into one.
Trang 189 - ... according to the deeds done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be evil...
Trang 78 - The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling, Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven; And , as imagination bodies forth The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen Turns them to shape , and gives to airy nothing A local habitation and a name.

Thông tin thư mục