Elements of Mental Philosophy: Abridged and Designed as a Text-book for Academies and High Schools

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Harper & brothers, 1860 - 515 trang
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Of the meaning and nature of perception 14 Perception makes us acquainted with a material world
27
Of the primary and secondary qualities of matter
28
Of the secondary qualities of matter
29
CHAPTER III
30
Nature and importance of the senses as a source of know edge 19 Connexion of the brain with sensation and perception
31
Order in which the senses are to be considered 20 Of the sense and sensations of smell
32
Of perceptions of smell in distinction from sensations
33
Of the sense and the sensations of taste
34
CHAPTER IV
35
Varieties of the sensation of sound
36
Manner in which we learn the place of sounds
37
CHAPTER V
38
Origin of the notion of extension and of form or figure
40
On the sensations of heat and cold
41
Of the sensations of hardness and softness
42
Page 17
46
Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
47
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
48
The idea of extension not originally from sight
49
Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by the sight
50
Illustration of the subject from the blind
51
Measurements of magnitude by the
52
Of objects seen in a mist 41 Of the sun and moon when seen in the horizon
53
Of the estimation of distances by sight
54
Signs by means of which we estimate distance by sight
55
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of objects seen on the ocean
57
CHAPTER VII
58
Of habit in relation to the smell 31 Of certain indefinite feelings sometimes ascribed to the touch 32 Relation between the sensation and what is outwa...
59
Of conceptions of objects of sight
60
Of the influence of habit on our conceptions
61
Influence of habit on conceptions of sight
62
Of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
63
Of conceptions attended with a momentary belief 65 Conceptions which are joined with perceptions 66 Conceptions as conrected with fictitious repre...
64
Other striking instances of habits of touch
65
Habits considered in relation to the sight
66
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase
68
Of habits as modified by particular callings and arts
69
The law of habit considered in reference to the perceptior of the outlines and forms of objects
70
Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine
71
Additional illustrations of Mr Stewarts doctrine
72
CHAPTER IX
83
Simple mental states not susceptible of definition
84
Simple mental states representative of a reality
85
Origin of complex notions and their relation to simple
86
Supposed complexness without the antecedence of simple feelings
87
The precise sense in which complexness is to be understood
88
Illustrations of analysis as applied to the mind
89
Complex notions of external origin
90
Of objects contemplated as wholes
91
CHAPTER X
92
Abstraction implied in the analysis of complex ideas 78 Instances of particular abstract ideas
93
Mental process in separating and abstracting them
94
General abstract notions the same with genera and species
95
Process in classification or the forming of genera and species
96
Early classifications sometimes incorrect 83 Illustrations of our earliest classifications
97
OF ATTENTION 88 Of the general nature of attention
101
Of different degrees of attention
102
Dependence of memory on attention
103
Of exercising attention in reading
104
Alleged inability to command the attention
105
Page
106
CHAPTER XII
107
Dreams are often caused by our sensations
108
Explanation of the incoherency of dreams 1st ca cause 97 Second cause of the incoherency of dreams
110
Apparent reality of dreams 1st cause
111
Apparent reality of dreams 2d cause
112
Of our estimate of time in dreaming
113
Explanation of the preceding statements
114
PART II
117
CHAPTER I
119
Declaration of Locke that the soul has knowledge in itself
120
CHAPTER II
123
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal identity
124
Of the nature of inity and the origin of that notion 111 Nature of succession and origin of the idea of succession
127
Origin of the notion of duration 113 Illustrations of the nature of duration
128
Of time and its measurements and of eternity
129
The idea of space not of external origin
130
The idea of space has its origin in suggestion
131
Of the origin of the idea of power 118 Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
132
Of the ideas of right and wrong
133
Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit
134
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion 122 Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas
135
CHAPTER III
136
CHAPTER IV
140
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
141
Of the use of correlative terms 130 Of relations of identity and diversity
142
11 Relations of degree and names expressive of them
143
111 Of relations of proportion
144
IV Of relations of place or position
145
v Of relations of time
146
vi Of ideas of possession
147
VII Of relations of cause and effect
148
Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect
149
Connexion of relative suggestion with reasoning
150
CHAPTER V
151
Of the general laws of association
152
Resemblance the first general law of association
153
Of resemblance in the effects produced
154
Contrast the second general or primary
155
Contiguity the third general or primary
157
Cause and effect the fourth primary
158
ALSOCIATION II SECONDARY LAWS Section Page 147 Secondary laws and their connexion with the primary
159
Of the influence of lapse of time
160
Secondary law of repetition or habit
161
Of the secondary law of coexistent emotion
162
Original difference in the mental constitution
163
The foregoing as applicable to the sensibilities
164
CHAPTER VII
166
Consciousness the 2d source of internal knowledge its nature 136
167
Of differences in the strength of memory
168
Of circumstantial memory or that species of memory which is based on the relations of contiguity in time and place 169
169
Illustrations of specific or circumstantial memory
170
Of philosophic memory or that species of memory which is based on other relations than those of contiguity
171
Illustrations of philosophic memory
172
Of that species of memory called intentional recollection
173
Nature of intentional recollection
174
Marks of a good memory
175
Directions or rules for the improvement of the memory
177
Further directions for the improvement of the memory
179
Of observance of the truth in connexion with memory
180
CHAPTER VIII
181
38
182
Mental action quickened by influence on the physical system
183
Other instances of quickened mental action and of a restoration of thoughts
184
Approval and illustrations of these views from Coleridge
185
Use of definitions and axioms in demonstrative rescring
186
Application of the principles of this chapter to education
187
Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief
188
Connexion of this doctrine with the final judgment and a future life
189
CHAPTER IX
190
Definition of reasoning and of propositions
191
Process of the mind in all cases of reasoning
192
on of the preceding statement
193
Grounds of the selection of propositions
194
Reasoning implies the existence of antecedent or assumed propo sitions
195
Process of the mind in the creations of the imagination
207
Further remarks on the same subject
208
Illustration from the writings of Dr Reid
209
Grounds of the preference of one conception to another
210
Illustration of the subject from Milton 212 The creations of imagination not entirely voluntary 213 Illustration of the statements of the preceding sect...
211
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
212
Consider the kind of evidence applicable to the subject 199 Reject the aid of false arguments or sophisms 213 il
213
Fallacia equivocationis or the use of equivocal terms and phrases
215
Of the sophism of estimating actions and character from the cır cumstances of success merely
216
Of adherence to our opinions
217
Effects on the mind of debating for victory instead of truth
218
CHAPTER XIII
219
DISORDERED INTELLECTUAL ACTION 1 EXCITED CONCEPTIONS OR APPARITIONS 216 Disordered intellectual action as connected with t...
231
Of excited conceptions and of apparitions in general 218 Of the less permanent excited conceptions of sight
232
25
234
Of the less permament excited conceptions of sound 220 First cause of permanently vivid conceptions or apparitions Morbid sensibility of the retina ...
235
Bection
237
Fifth cause of apparitions Hysteria
243
Insanity of the judgment or relative suggestion
249
Partial mental alienation by means of the imagination
255
INTRODUCTION
261
CHAPTER I
269
EMOTIONS OF BEAUTY Section 252 Characteristics of emotions of beauty
273
Of what is meant by beautiful objects
274
Of the distinction between beautiful and other objects
275
Grounds or occasions of emotions of beauty various
276
All objects not equally fitted to cause these emotions
277
A susceptibility of emotions of beauty an ultimate principle of our mental constitution
278
b 281 258 Remarks on the beauty of forms The circle
279
Original or intrinsic beauty The circle 260 Of the beauty of straight and angular forms
280
Of square pyramidal and triangular forms
281
Of the original or intrinsic beauty of colours
283
Further illustrations of the original beauty of colours
284
Of sounds considered as a source of beauty
286
Illustrations of the original beauty of sounds
287
Further instances of the original beauty of sounds 283 284 286 287 290 267 The permanency of musical power dependent on its being intrinsic
290
Of motion as an element of beauty
291
Explanation of the beauty of motion from Kaimes
292
Of sounds as furnishing an occasion of sublime emotions 283 Of motion in connexion with the sublime 284 Indications of power accompanied by e...
293
Objects may become beautiful by association merely
294
Further illustrations of associated feelings
295
Instances of national associations
297
The sources of associated beauty coincident with those of human happiness
298
Summary of views in regard to the beautiful
299
Page
305
EMOTIONS OF THE LUDICROUS
309
General nature of emo ons of the ludicrous 289 Occasions of emotions of the ludicrous
310
Of what is understood by wit 291 Of wit as it consists in burlesque or in debasing objects
311
Of wit when employed in aggrandizing objects
312
Of the character and occasions of humour
313
Of the practical utility of feelings of the ludicrous
314
NATURE OF DESIRES
321
The principles based upon desire susceptible of a twofold
327
Of the natural desire of esteem
328
Of the desire of estcem as a rule of conduct
329
Of the desire of possession
330
Of the moral character of the possessory principle
331
Of perversions of the possessory desire
332
CHAPTER III
333
Of the moral character of the desire of power
350
Propensity of selflove or the desire of happiness
351
Of selfishness as distinguished from selflove
352
Reference to the opinions of philosophical writers
353
The principle of sociality original in the human mind
354
Evidence of the existence of this principle of sociality
355
Other illustrations of the existence of this principle
356
Relation of the social principle to civil society
357
CHAPTER V
358
Of the complex nature of the affections
359
Of resentment or anger
360
Illustrations of instinctive resentment 346 Uses and moral character of instinctive resentment
361
Of voluntary in distinction from instinctive resentment
362
Tendency of anger to excess and the natural checks to
363
Other reasons for checking and subduing the angry passions
365
Modifications of resentment 351 Modifications of resentment 352 Modifications of resentment 353 Modifications of resentment 354 Nature of the pa...
366
Envy
367
Jealousy
368
Revenge
369
CHAPTER VI
371
Love in its various forms characterized by a twofold action 357 Of the parental affection
372
Illustrations of the strength of the parental affection
374
Of the filial affection
375
Section
395
CHAPTER VIII
404
CHAPTER II
419
Further proof from the conduct of
425
Feelings of obligation differ from desires
432
Of diversities and obliquities of moral judgment in connexion
438
419
442
Of the time when moral instruction ought to commence
444
CHAPTER I
451
Section Page 428 Disordered actior of the principle of selfpreservation
454
Disorderedand alienated action of the possessory principle
455
Disordered action of imitativeness or the principle of imitation 456
456
Disordered action of the principle of sociality
457
Further remarks on the disordered action of the social propensity
458
Of the disordered action of the desire of esteem
459
Disordered action of the desire of power
460
CHAPTER II
461
Familiar instances of sympathetic imitation
462
Instances of sympathetic imitation at the poorhouse of Harlem
463
Other instances of this species of imitation
464
CHAPTER III
465
Of sudden and strong impulses of the mind
467
Of the nature of general abstract ideas 98 85 The power of general abstraction in connexion with numbers c 99
468
Of the mental disease termed hypochondriasis
469
Of intermissions of hypochondriasis and of its remedies
471
Disordered action of the passion of fear
473
CHAPTER XI
475
Of accountability in connexion with this form of disordered con science
476
Of natural or congenital moral derangement
477
Of moral accountabili y in cases of natural or congenital moral derangement
479
32
3
34
4
36
6
998588AXBLK 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 ib 54 55 56 57 58
7
ib SEN 88 282380F 59 60 62 64 65 66 68 69 70 71
8
ib 78 81
9
385288 94 95
10
i04 105
11
ib 111 112 113 114 119 120
12
ib 129 130 131 132 ib 133
13
134
ib 152 153 154 155 157
210
ib 212 ib 227 228 229 216 217 218 219 220 221
ib 224 22 231 232 ib 234 235
269
299
ib 305 306 307 b 308 303
ib 312 313 314
345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354
Other remarks in proof of the same doctrine 371 Of patriotism or love of country 372 Of the affection of friendship 373 Of the affection of pity or s...
390
394

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Trang 165 - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Trang 80 - Spit, fire! spout, rain! Nor rain, wind, thunder, fire, are my daughters: I tax not you, you elements, with unkindness; I never gave you kingdom, call'd you children, You owe me no subscription: then let fall Your horrible pleasure; here I stand, your slave, A poor, infirm, weak, and despis'd old man.
Trang 305 - The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
Trang 308 - AND I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud : and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire...
Trang 120 - ... as we do from bodies affecting our senses. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.
Trang 233 - The sooty films that play upon the bars Pendulous, and foreboding in the view Of superstition prophesying still Though still deceived, some stranger's near approach.
Trang 390 - Lands intersected by a narrow frith Abhor each other. Mountains interposed Make enemies of nations, who had else Like kindred drops been mingled into one.
Trang 414 - For when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves : which show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another,) in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my gospel.
Trang 103 - The crow doth sing as sweetly as the lark, When neither is attended ; and, I think The nightingale, if she should sing by day, When every goose is cackling, would be thought No better a musician than the wren.
Trang 189 - ... according to the deeds done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be evil...

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