Conflict and Social Transformation in Eastern DR Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is currently emerging from a decade of calamitous war. The contributors suggest that the chronic violence cannot be understood purely with reference to the ‘greed’ of powerful local and international actors. Rather, the seeming intractability of the Congolese conflict can only be fully understood with reference to the ways in which conflict – together with the legacy of colonial and state policy that preceded and informed it – has created a situation in which the ‘rational’ pursuit of individual livelihoods ends up reproducing the collectively ‘irrational’ phenomenon of war.
In contrast with traditional perspectives that explain the Congolese conflict in terms of dynamics set in motion ‘from above’, the work collected here stresses the local, ‘micro-level’ dilemmas of conflict and development that face the communities of eastern Congo today. In short, this volume argues that the design of interventions aiming to end conflict and promote development in the DRC must consider the nature of interests, institutions, and patterns of action that drive change ‘from below’.
The contributors to this volume (Koen Vlassenroot, Timothy Raeymakers, Anna Verhoeve, Luca Jourdan and Jeroen Cuvelier) base their analyses on recent fieldwork in Beni, Kamituga, Goma, Bunia and Masisi.
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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
READING THE CONGOLESE CRISIS
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF BENILUBERO
THE CASE OF MASISI
CONFLICT AND ARTISAN MINING IN KAMITUGA SOUTH KIVU
VIOLENCE AND YOUTH IN NORTH KIVU
activities administrative AFDL African agricultural areas armed actors armed groups assets Banyamulenge Banyarwanda become Beni-Lubero Bukavu Bunia businessmen Butembo centres chapter city of Goma colonial coltan commercial communities competition complexes of power Congolese conflict consolidated context continue crisis Democratic Republic diamond dynamics eastern Congo eastern DRC elites entrepreneurs ethnic Exploitation of Natural farmers forced Gegere global gold Goma grassroots population Hema humanitarian Illegal Exploitation impact important increasingly informal economy insecurity intervention Ituri James Kazini Kabila Kamituga Kinshasa Kisangani labour leaders legal pluralism Lendu livelihoods Masisi Mayi-Mayi military militias miners mining Mobutu Mongbwalu MONUC Mwenga Nande natural resources networks North Kivu organisation Panel political and economic Political Economy production profit and protection province RCD-ML rebel movements refugees regional rural population Rwandan Salim Saleh shift social South Kivu strategies structures struggle survival transborder Ugandan UPDF urban violence Vlassenroot Zaire Zairian